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  1. Appropriate feeding practices are of fundamental importance for the survival, growth, development and health of infants and young children. The aim of the present study was to collect baseline information on c...

    Authors: Eli Fjeld, Seter Siziya, Mary Katepa-Bwalya, Chipepo Kankasa, Karen Marie Moland and Thorkild Tylleskär

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:26

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Workplace accommodations for breastfeeding mothers are an important step towards achieving United States Healthy People 2010 goals for continued breastfeeding. However, evidence suggests that some employers wi...

    Authors: Kathryn Suyes, Sheryl W Abrahams and Miriam H Labbok

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:25

    Content type: Research

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  3. National legislation in Pakistan adopted the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes in 2002 to restrict the promotion of infant formula feeding. Our objectives were to assess health professi...

    Authors: Mihretab Salasibew, Ayyaz Kiani, Brian Faragher and Paul Garner

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:24

    Content type: Research

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  4. Recent reviews and meta-analyses conclude that breastfeeding constitutes a small but consistent protective effect against obesity or higher values of body mass index (BMI) in children, though in some studies t...

    Authors: Andrej M Grjibovski, Bettina Ehrenblad and Agneta Yngve

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:23

    Content type: Research

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  5. Lactational mastitis is a painful, debilitating condition that if inappropriately managed, may lead women to discontinue breastfeeding prematurely. The aim of this paper is to report the incidence of mastitis ...

    Authors: Jane A Scott, Michele Robertson, Julie Fitzpatrick, Christopher Knight and Sally Mulholland

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:21

    Content type: Research

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  6. There is limited evidence on the use of the Snoezelen concept for maternity clients. Snoezelen, a Dutch concept, initiated in the 1970s as a leisure activity for severely disabled people, involves creating an ...

    Authors: Yvonne L Hauck, Lisa Summers, Ellie White and Cheryl Jones

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:20

    Content type: Research

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  7. The expression of human milk for later use is on the rise. Bottle systems are used to deliver the expressed milk. Research has shown that storage of both human milk and artificial baby milk, or infant formula,...

    Authors: Jimi Francis, Kristy Rogers, Paul Brewer, Darby Dickton and Ron Pardini

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:19

    Content type: Research

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  8. Women gain total body weight and accrue body fat during pregnancy. Breastfeeding has been suggested as an efficient means of promoting postpartum weight loss due to its high energy cost. We investigated the ef...

    Authors: Irene E Hatsu, Dawn M McDougald and Alex K Anderson

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:18

    Content type: Research

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  9. Many women experience breastfeeding difficulties. Sometimes these difficulties lead to breastfeeding cessation. Breastfeeding clinics provide support for women facing such problems. This study aims to describe...

    Authors: Caroline Lamontagne, Anne-Marie Hamelin and Monik St-Pierre

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:17

    Content type: Research

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  10. The mass media have the potential to be powerful friends or foes in promoting breastfeeding. The media could help by putting the issue of breastfeeding on policy agendas and by framing breastfeeding as healthy...

    Authors: Jane D Brown and Sheila Rose Peuchaud

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:15

    Content type: Debate

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  11. Infant feeding occurs in the context of continued gender inequities and in the context of a feminist movement that left women vulnerable to a system that defined the male body and mind as the norm. This paper ...

    Authors: Paige Hall Smith

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:12

    Content type: Research

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  12. The American focus on the sexual purpose of breasts, rather than the physiological function of breasts, has serious public health consequences. Discomfort with breastfeeding in public lowers breastfeeding rate...

    Authors: Jacqueline H Wolf

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:11

    Content type: Debate

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  13. This paper identifies how the different ideologies of patriarchy, technology, capitalism, race and feminism shape how we see breastfeeding and the breastfeeding mother with child. Ultimately, while we can make...

    Authors: Barbara Katz Rothman

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:9

    Content type: Debate

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  14. There are few reliable and valid tools to assess lactation and infant feeding knowledge and practices. This study tested the psychometric properties of two new scales, the Newborn Feeding Ability (NFA) questio...

    Authors: Debra K Creedy, Ruth M Cantrill and Marie Cooke

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:7

    Content type: Research

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  15. The role of bacterial pathogens in lactational mastitis remains unclear. The objective of this study was to compare bacterial species in breast milk of women with mastitis and of healthy breast milk donors and...

    Authors: Linda J Kvist, Bodil Wilde Larsson, Marie Louise Hall-Lord, Anita Steen and Claes Schalén

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:6

    Content type: Research

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  16. Antenatal counseling on breastfeeding and postnatal lactation support are likely to improve rates of exclusive breastfeeding. This descriptive study was undertaken to assess whether antenatal visits were utili...

    Authors: Gunasekaran Dhandapany, Adhisivam Bethou, Arulkumaran Arunagirinathan and Shanthi Ananthakrishnan

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:5

    Content type: Research

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  17. Breastfeeding is the basis for appropriate nutrition for infants and is strongly supported by the Ministry of Health in China. However, there are differences in infant feeding practices in different areas of t...

    Authors: Liqian Qiu, Yun Zhao, Colin W Binns, Andy H Lee and Xing Xie

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. The proportion of mothers in Japan who breastfeed exclusively has been low since the 1970s. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the time of first breastfeed after birth and the pro...

    Authors: Yuko Nakao, Kazuhiko Moji, Sumihisa Honda and Kazuyo Oishi

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:1

    Content type: Research

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  19. The relationship between poverty and human development touches on a central aim of the International Breastfeeding Journal's editorial policy which is to support and protect the health and wellbeing of all inf...

    Authors: Annette Beasley and Lisa H Amir

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2007 2:14

    Content type: Editorial

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  20. Exclusive breastfeeding up to the completion of the sixth month of age is the national infant feeding recommendation for Sri Lanka. The objective of the present study was to collect data on exclusive breastfee...

    Authors: Suneth B Agampodi, Thilini C Agampodi and Udage Kankanamge D Piyaseeli

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2007 2:13

    Content type: Research

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  21. Peer counselling is reported to increase breastfeeding rates. We evaluated an intervention consisting of mainly telephone contact peer counselling programme on breastfeeding duration and exclusivity.

    Authors: Esther HY Wong, EAS Nelson, Kai-Chow Choi, Kin-Ping Wong, Carmen Ip and Lau-Cheung Ho

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2007 2:12

    Content type: Research

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  22. Medications used to augment lactation increase prolactin secretion but can have intolerable side effects. We examined the biological activity of recombinant human prolactin (r-hPRL) as preliminary data for its...

    Authors: Gabrielle Page-Wilson, Patricia C Smith and Corrine K Welt

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2007 2:10

    Content type: Research

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  23. There are not many studies exploring parity differences in early lactation performance and the results obtained are fairly often contradictory. The present study investigated the effect of different maternity ...

    Authors: Ksenia Bystrova, Ann-Marie Widström, Ann-Sofi Matthiesen, Anna-Berit Ransjö-Arvidson, Barbara Welles-Nyström, Igor Vorontsov and Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2007 2:9

    Content type: Research

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  24. Nipple pain and damage in breastfeeding mothers are common causes of premature breastfeeding cessation. Peppermint water is popularly used for the prevention of nipple cracks in the North West of Iran. The aim...

    Authors: Manizheh Sayyah Melli, Mohammad Reza Rashidi, Abbas Delazar, Elaheh Madarek, Mohammad Hassan Kargar Maher, Alieh Ghasemzadeh, Kamran Sadaghat and Zohreh Tahmasebi

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2007 2:7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. Research in the field of psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) has revealed that depression is associated with inflammation manifested by increased levels of proinflammatory cytokines.

    Authors: Kathleen Kendall-Tackett

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2007 2:6

    Content type: Review

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  26. Women's perceptions of quality of care during episodes of breast inflammation have been scantily explored. It was the objective of the present study to describe a cohort of breastfeeding women with inflammator...

    Authors: Linda J Kvist, Marie Louise Hall-Lord and Bodil Wilde Larsson

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2007 2:2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Weighing breastfed babies has been the subject of some controversy as the previous international growth chart was largely based on data from infants fed infant formula. The concern that professionals may be mi...

    Authors: Magda Sachs, Fiona Dykes and Bernie Carter

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:29

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. The expression of breast milk allows a mother to be away intermittently from her infant while continuing to breastfeed. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between expression of breast mil...

    Authors: Nwet N Win, Colin W Binns, Yun Zhao, Jane A Scott and Wendy H Oddy

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:28

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. The human right to adequate food needs to be interpreted for the special case of young children because they are vulnerable, others make the choices for them, and their diets are not diverse. There are many pu...

    Authors: George Kent

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:27

    Content type: Debate

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  30. Anecdotal reports suggest that the addition of fentanyl (an opioid) to epidural analgesia for women during childbirth results in difficulty establishing breastfeeding. The aim of this paper is to determine any...

    Authors: Siranda Torvaldsen, Christine L Roberts, Judy M Simpson, Jane F Thompson and David A Ellwood

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:24

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. The protection, promotion and support of breastfeeding are now major public health priorities. It is well established that skilled support, voluntary or professional, proactively offered to women who want to b...

    Authors: Victoria Hall Moran, Fiona Dykes, Susan Burt and Christina Shuck

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:23

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. There have been considerable changes in breastfeeding practices in China over the past forty years. However China is a very large country, and breastfeeding rates in different parts of China vary considerably....

    Authors: Fenglian Xu, Xiaoxian Liu, Colin W Binns, Cuiqin Xiao, Jing Wu and Andy H Lee

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:22

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Leptin, a hormone present in breast milk, is involved in energy regulation and metabolism. The objectives of this study were to assess leptin concentrations in breast milk during the first 180 days postpartum,...

    Authors: Yesim Ozarda Ilcol, Z Banu Hizli and Tanju Ozkan

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:21

    Content type: Research

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  34. Assisting mothers to breastfeed is not easy when babies experience difficulties. In a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), nurses often help mothers by using hands-on-breast without their permission. Little is...

    Authors: Lena Weimers, Kristin Svensson, Louise Dumas, Lars Navér and Vivian Wahlberg

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:20

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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