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  1. Content type: Research

    Weighing breastfed babies has been the subject of some controversy as the previous international growth chart was largely based on data from infants fed infant formula. The concern that professionals may be mi...

    Authors: Magda Sachs, Fiona Dykes and Bernie Carter

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:29

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  2. Content type: Research

    The expression of breast milk allows a mother to be away intermittently from her infant while continuing to breastfeed. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between expression of breast mil...

    Authors: Nwet N Win, Colin W Binns, Yun Zhao, Jane A Scott and Wendy H Oddy

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:28

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  3. Content type: Debate

    The human right to adequate food needs to be interpreted for the special case of young children because they are vulnerable, others make the choices for them, and their diets are not diverse. There are many pu...

    Authors: George Kent

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:27

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  4. Content type: Research

    Anecdotal reports suggest that the addition of fentanyl (an opioid) to epidural analgesia for women during childbirth results in difficulty establishing breastfeeding. The aim of this paper is to determine any...

    Authors: Siranda Torvaldsen, Christine L Roberts, Judy M Simpson, Jane F Thompson and David A Ellwood

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:24

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  5. Content type: Research

    The protection, promotion and support of breastfeeding are now major public health priorities. It is well established that skilled support, voluntary or professional, proactively offered to women who want to b...

    Authors: Victoria Hall Moran, Fiona Dykes, Susan Burt and Christina Shuck

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:23

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  6. Content type: Research

    There have been considerable changes in breastfeeding practices in China over the past forty years. However China is a very large country, and breastfeeding rates in different parts of China vary considerably....

    Authors: Fenglian Xu, Xiaoxian Liu, Colin W Binns, Cuiqin Xiao, Jing Wu and Andy H Lee

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:22

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  7. Content type: Research

    Leptin, a hormone present in breast milk, is involved in energy regulation and metabolism. The objectives of this study were to assess leptin concentrations in breast milk during the first 180 days postpartum,...

    Authors: Yesim Ozarda Ilcol, Z Banu Hizli and Tanju Ozkan

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:21

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  8. Content type: Research

    Assisting mothers to breastfeed is not easy when babies experience difficulties. In a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), nurses often help mothers by using hands-on-breast without their permission. Little is...

    Authors: Lena Weimers, Kristin Svensson, Louise Dumas, Lars Navér and Vivian Wahlberg

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:20

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  9. Content type: Research

    Universal exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months could reduce infant mortality by 13%. Although 99% women initiate breastfeeding in Uganda, exclusive breastfeeding rates remain low. Although peer cou...

    Authors: Jolly Nankunda, James K Tumwine, Åshild Soltvedt, Nulu Semiyaga, Grace Ndeezi and Thorkild Tylleskär

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:19

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  10. Content type: Research

    Despite high levels of breastfeeding initiation in Australia, only 47 percent of women are breastfeeding (exclusively or partially) six months later, with marked differences between social groups. It is import...

    Authors: Della A Forster, Helen L McLachlan and Judith Lumley

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:18

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  11. Content type: Research

    In Jordan, as in neighboring countries in the Middle East, higher education and higher employment rates in recent years among women have had an impact on traditionally based infant feeding. The objective of th...

    Authors: Mohammad Khassawneh, Yousef Khader, Zouhair Amarin and Ahmad Alkafajei

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:17

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  12. Content type: Research

    Although Autistic Disorder is associated with several congenital conditions, the cause for most cases is unknown. The present study was undertaken to determine whether breastfeeding or the use of infant formul...

    Authors: Stephen T Schultz, Hillary S Klonoff-Cohen, Deborah L Wingard, Natacha A Akshoomoff, Caroline A Macera, Ming Ji and Christopher Bacher

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:16

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  13. Content type: Research

    The past ten years have witnessed a rising trend in the prevalence and duration of breastfeeding in Italy, but breastfeeding rates increase in an unequal way; they are higher in the North of Italy than in the ...

    Authors: Sofia Quintero Romero, Rosa Bernal, Chiara Barbiero, Raquel Passamonte and Adriano Cattaneo

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:14

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  14. Content type: Short report

    The World Health Organization International Code of Marketing of Breast-Milk Substitutes (WHO Code) aims to protect and promote breastfeeding. Japan ratified the WHO Code in 1994, but most hospitals in Japan c...

    Authors: Katsumi Mizuno, Fumihiro Miura, Kazuo Itabashi, Iona Macnab and Noriko Mizuno

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:12

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  15. Content type: Research

    The UNICEF Baby Friendly Initiative includes a community component to help women who want to breastfeed. This study aimed to document the health visitor role in promoting and supporting breastfeeding in Glasgo...

    Authors: David Tappin, Jane Britten, Mary Broadfoot and Rhona McInnes

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:11

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  16. Content type: Research

    Mass media content likely influences the decision of women to breastfeed their newborn children. Relatively few studies have empirically assessed such a hypothesis to date, however. Most work has tended to foc...

    Authors: Katherine A Foss and Brian G Southwell

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:10

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  17. Content type: Debate

    The United States' Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) distributes about half the infant formula used in the United States at no cost to the families. This is a matter ...

    Authors: George Kent

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:8

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  18. Content type: Research

    Cultural variations exist in the proportion of women who breastfeed. For some cultural groups, migration to a new country is associated with a reduction in the initiation and duration of breastfeeding. This pa...

    Authors: Helen L McLachlan and Della A Forster

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:7

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  19. Content type: Research

    Many studies of the impact of breastfeeding on child or maternal health have relied on data reported retrospectively. The goal of this study was to assess recall accuracy among breastfeeding mothers of retrosp...

    Authors: Brenda Gillespie, Hannah d'Arcy, Kendra Schwartz, Janet Kay Bobo and Betsy Foxman

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:4

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  20. Content type: Research

    To prevent postnatal transmission of HIV in settings where safe alternatives to breastfeeding are unavailable, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding followed by early, rapid ce...

    Authors: Ellen G Piwoz, Yvonne Owens Ferguson, Margaret E Bentley, Amy L Corneli, Agnes Moses, Jacqueline Nkhoma, Beth Carlton Tohill, Beatrice Mtimuni, Yusuf Ahmed, Denise J Jamieson, Charles van der Horst and Peter Kazembe

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:2

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