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  1. Breastfeeding benefits both mothers and infants. Even though Taiwan national policy promotes exclusive breastfeeding (EBF), the rates in Taiwan are below those in other developed countries. This study aimed to...

    Authors: Pei-Chi Chang, Sin-Fong Li, Hsin-Yi Yang, Li-Chu Wang, Cing-Ya Weng, Kuan-Fen Chen, Wei Chen and Sheng-Yu Fan

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:18

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Pre-pubescent girls with chest burns are at risk of complication associated with scarring and impairment in breast development. This case illustrates how burn injuries in childhood in a first-time mother have ...

    Authors: Zurraini Arabi, Ezura Madiana Md Monoto and Agusmanan Bojeng

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:17

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Optimal breastfeeding practices, reflected by early initiation and feeding of colostrum, avoidance of prelacteal feeds, and continued exclusivity or predominance of breastfeeding, are critical for assuring pro...

    Authors: Shiva Bhandari, Andrew L. Thorne-Lyman, Binod Shrestha, Sumanta Neupane, Bareng Aletta Sanny Nonyane, Swetha Manohar, Rolf D. W. Klemm and Keith P. West Jr

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:14

    Content type: Research

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  4. Kangaroo mother care is a comprehensive intervention given for all newborns especially for premature and low birthweight infants. It is the most feasible and preferred intervention for decreasing neonatal morb...

    Authors: Alemayehu Gonie Mekonnen, Sisay Shewasinad Yehualashet and Alebachew Demelash Bayleyegn

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:12

    Content type: Research

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  5. Since 2010, the World Health Organization recommends lifelong antiretroviral treatment for all women living with HIV, and exclusive breastfeeding for six-months followed by breastfeeding until 24-months for al...

    Authors: Nora S. West, Sheree R. Schwartz, Nompumelelo Yende, Sarah J. Schwartz, Lauren Parmley, Mary Beth Gadarowski, Lillian Mutunga, Jean Bassett and Annelies Van Rie

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:11

    Content type: Research

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  6. In India, though breastfeeding is universally practiced, exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) rates in urban informal settlements are low; and health programs face several challenges in promoting EBF. In this study, ...

    Authors: Sudha Ramani, Nikhat Shaikh, Sushmita Das, Shanti Pantvaidya, Armida Fernandez and Anuja Jayaraman

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:10

    Content type: Research

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  7. Breast milk provides nutrition for infants and also contains a variety of bioactive factors that influence the development of the newborn. Human milk is a complex biological fluid that can be separated into di...

    Authors: Reka A. Vass, Agnes Kemeny, Timea Dergez, Tibor Ertl, Dora Reglodi, Adel Jungling and Andrea Tamas

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:9

    Content type: Research

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  8. Early skin-to-skin contact promotes infant physiologic stability, provides warmth and makes breast milk readily available. Despite the known benefits of early skin-to-skin contact, this practice is not include...

    Authors: Luis Fernando Sanchez-Espino, Gregorio Zuniga-Villanueva and Jose Luis Ramirez-GarciaLuna

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:8

    Content type: Research

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  9. Despite the array of studies on infant feeding practices of HIV-infected women, gaps still exist in the understanding of the underlying reasons for their infant feeding choices. Potential for behavioural chang...

    Authors: Oladele Vincent Adeniyi, Anthony Idowu Ajayi, Moshood Issah, Eyitayo Omolara Owolabi, Daniel Ter Goon, Gordana Avramovic and John Lambert

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:7

    Content type: Research

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  10. In Afar, a pastoralist and remote area of Ethiopia, one in five children suffers from acute malnutrition. Investigation of the prevalence and associated factors of exclusive breastfeeding may provide insight i...

    Authors: Medhin Tsegaye, Dessalegn Ajema, Solomon Shiferaw and Robel Yirgu

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:6

    Content type: Research

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  11. Early initiation of breastfeeding, also known as early initiation, is the provision of a mothers own breast milk to her infant within one hour of birth. In Ethiopia, there is a considerable variation in the ti...

    Authors: Amare Belachew

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:5

    Content type: Research

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  12. In Nigeria, diarrhoea contributes significantly to childhood morbidity and mortality, with suboptimal breastfeeding practices playing a key role. The present study aimed to report on diarrhoea deaths and disab...

    Authors: Felix Akpojene Ogbo, Anselm Okoro, Bolajoko O. Olusanya, Jacob Olusanya, Ifegwu K. Ifegwu, Akorede O. Awosemo, Pascal Ogeleka and Andrew Page

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:4

    Content type: Research

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  13. School-based breastfeeding education (SBBE) may help improve breastfeeding rates in the long term by instilling in young people a base of evidence-informed knowledge, skills, and attitudes that primes them to ...

    Authors: Sara Moukarzel, Christoforos Mamas, Antoine Farhat and Alan J. Daly

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:3

    Content type: Research

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  14. Optimising breastfeeding rates is a public health priority. Studies have shown that all forms of extra breastfeeding support increase breastfeeding rates, including support provided by trained health professio...

    Authors: Irena Zakarija-Grkovic, Anita Pavicic Bosnjak, Ivan Buljan, Renata Vettorazzi and Linda J. Smith

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:2

    Content type: Research

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  15. In Brazil, the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) proposes following the criteria, the “Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding”, International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes and Good birth a...

    Authors: Renara Guedes Araújo, Vânia de Matos Fonseca, Maria Inês Couto de Oliveira and Eloane Gonçalves Ramos

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:1

    Content type: Research

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  16. Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) (breast milk feeding without additional food or drink, except medicine) is associated with deceased risk of postnatal transmission of HIV from mother to child.

    Authors: John Okanda, George Otieno, John Kinuthia, Pam Kohler and Grace John-Stewart

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:51

    Content type: Research

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  17. Although the risk of HIV transmission through breastfeeding is reduced considerably with the use of antiretroviral therapy, infant feeding by HIV positive mothers remains controversial. Weighing risks against ...

    Authors: Ancilla-Kate Umeobieri, Chinyere Mbachu, Benjamin S. C. Uzochukwu, Aniwada Elias, Babatunde Omotowo, Chuka Agunwa and Ikechukwu Obi

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:50

    Content type: Research

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  18. Prelacteal feeding can be defined as giving any solid or liquid foods other than breast milk during the first three days after birth. It affects timely initiation of breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding p...

    Authors: Habtamu Temesgen, Ayenew Negesse, Wubetu Woyraw, Temesgen Getaneh and Molla Yigizaw

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:49

    Content type: Review

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  19. Despite the ongoing efforts to improve infant feeding practices, low rates of breastfeeding and early introduction of complementary feeding have been reported in many countries. Systematic documentation of bre...

    Authors: Zainab Taha, Malin Garemo and Joy Nanda

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:48

    Content type: Research

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  20. Due to the health and economic benefits of breast milk, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that for infants who cannot receive breast milk from their own mothers, the next preferred option is donat...

    Authors: Kenechukwu K. Iloh, Chidiebere DI. Osuorah, Ikenna K. Ndu, Isaac N. Asinobi, Ijeoma N. Obumneme-Anyim, Chijioke E. Ezeudu, Ukoha M. Oluchi, Onyinye U. Anyanwu, Uchenna Ekwochi, Christian C. Ogoke, Adaeze C. Ayuk and Herbert U. Obu

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:47

    Content type: Research

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  21. There is a paucity of data regarding risk factors associated with suboptimal breastfeeding practices in urbanized areas of low-middle income countries (LMICs).

    Authors: Quynh-Nhi Thi Le, Khanh-Lam Phung, Van-Thuy Thi Nguyen, Katherine L. Anders, Minh-Nguyet Nguyen, Diem-Tuyet Thi Hoang, Thuy-Tien Thi Bui, Vinh-Chau Van Nguyen, Guy E. Thwaites, Cameron Simmons and Stephen Baker

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:46

    Content type: Research

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  22. Maternal breastfeeding is a practice that is associated with multiple health benefits for mothers and children. One of the lowest rates of breastfeeding has been observed among Chinese women who immigrate to h...

    Authors: Juan Luis González-Pascual, Juana María Aguilar-Ortega, Laura Esteban-Gonzalo, Concepción Mesa-Leiva, Santiago Pérez-García and César Cardenete-Reyes

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:45

    Content type: Research

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  23. Despite the substantial impact on child and maternal health, breastfeeding practices for infants remain at the suboptimum level in Bangladesh. Yet the understanding of why these practices are suboptimal, espec...

    Authors: Halima Khatun, Carly A Comins, Rajesh Shah, M Munirul Islam, Nuzhat Choudhury and Tahmeed Ahmed

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:44

    Content type: Research

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  24. Donor human milk is the World Health Organization’s recommendation for infant feeding when the mother’s own breast milk is unavailable. Breast milk has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality and in low b...

    Authors: Penelope Reimers, Natalie Shenker, Gillian Weaver and Anna Coutsoudis

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:43

    Content type: Case Report

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  25. We investigated the possible risk factors that could influence the likelihood of breastfeeding at 5 to 9 weeks postpartum with our primary aim being to analyse the associations between psychological vulnerabil...

    Authors: Daryl Jian An Tan, John Paul Lew, Maria Binte Jumhasan, Cynthia Pang, Rehena Sultana and Ban Leong Sng

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:42

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. Implications of donor milk feedings on infant growth in resource limited settings remain uncertain. This knowledge gap includes the impact of donor milk availability on infant intake of mother’s own milk. Ther...

    Authors: Hayley Sparks, Lucy Linley, Jennifer L. Beaumont and Daniel T. Robinson

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:41

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. While breastfeeding rates have improved globally, disparities in breastfeeding practices persist particularly in rural and low resource settings. In India, only 56% of Indian mothers practice exclusive breastf...

    Authors: Holly Nishimura, Karl Krupp, Savitha Gowda, Vijaya Srinivas, Anjali Arun and Purnima Madhivanan

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:40

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Suboptimal breastfeeding is a major cause of infant morbidity and mortality across the world. Inconsistent data has hampered quantification of this practice, however, limiting breastfeeding promotion efforts. ...

    Authors: Thomas J. Roberts, Yana E. Hoy-Schulz, Kaniz Jannat and Julie Parsonnet

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:39

    Content type: Short report

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  29. Breastfeeding is a recognized means of ensuring optimal nutrition for the infant. Exclusive breastfeeding is defined as feeding an infant child breast milk only, and for optimal nutrition it is recommended tha...

    Authors: Osiyosola O. Osibogun, Tolulope F. Olufunlayo and Samson O. Oyibo

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:38

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Inappropriate infant feeding affects the probability of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and HIV-free survival of infants. However, in Ethiopia limited evidence exists regarding the infant feeding practice ...

    Authors: Daba Ejara, Demelash Mulualem and Samson Gebremedhin

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:37

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Since 2005, the national policy on breastfeeding in Sri Lanka is exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months, as recommended by World Health Organization. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of...

    Authors: Himali Erandathie Ratnayake and Dhammica Rowel

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:36

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. The World Health Organization (WHO) encourages early initiation of breastfeeding within the first hour after birth with the objective of saving children’s lives. There are few published research papers about f...

    Authors: Ahmed A. Hassan, Zainab Taha, Mohammed Ahmed A. Ahmed, Abdel Aziem A. Ali and Ishag Adam

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:34

    Content type: Research

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  33. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is an essential fatty acid required for proper growth and development. DHA levels in breast milk vary worldwide. Higher levels are observed among coastal populations and are associat...

    Authors: Līva Aumeistere, Inga Ciproviča, Dace Zavadska and Viktors Volkovs

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:33

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Mother and newborn skin-to-skin contact (SSC) after birth brings about numerous protective effects; however, it is an intervention that is underutilized in Iraq where a globally considerable rate of maternal a...

    Authors: Kolsoom Safari, Awaz Aziz Saeed, Shukir Saleem Hasan and Lida Moghaddam-Banaem

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:32

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Despite the World Health Organization recommendation of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first six months of life, the rate remains low both in developed and developing countries. In Ethiopia, findings re...

    Authors: Animut Alebel, Cheru Tesma, Belisty Temesgen, Aster Ferede and Getiye Dejenu Kibret

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:31

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  36. Ghana has achieved significant progress in breastfeeding practices in the past two decades. Further progress is, however, limited by insufficient government funding and declining donor support for breastfeedin...

    Authors: Richmond Aryeetey, Amber Hromi-Fiedler, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Esi Amoaful, Gifty Ampah, Marian Gatiba, Akosua Kwakye, Gloria Otoo, Gyikua Plange-Rhule, Isabella Sagoe-Moses, Lilian Selenje and Rafael Pérez-Escamilla

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:30

    Content type: Research

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  37. Breastmilk is the ideal nutrition for preterm infants. Yet, breastmilk feeding rates among preterm infants are substantially lower than those of full-term infants. Barriers incurred through hospital care pract...

    Authors: Meredith Brockway, Karen M. Benzies, Eloise Carr and Khalid Aziz

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:29

    Content type: Study Protocol

    Published on:

  38. The global breastfeeding recommendation states that all infants should be put to the breast within one hour of birth, which is defined as timely initiation or early initiation of breastfeeding. Early initiatio...

    Authors: Justin Bruno Tongun, Mohammed Boy Sebit, David Mukunya, Grace Ndeezi, Victoria Nankabirwa, Thorkild Tylleskar and James K. Tumwine

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:28

    Content type: Research

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  39. The World Health Organization recommends continued breastfeeding up to 2 years of age or beyond. This study assessed breastfeeding knowledge, attitudes, and practices among women residing on the island of Abu ...

    Authors: Mai Isam Al Ketbi, Sultan Al Noman, Abdelqadir Al Ali, Ebtihal Darwish, Maha Al Fahim and Jaishen Rajah

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:26

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. The definition for lower limit of safe birthweight loss among exclusively breastfed neonates is arbitrary. Despite this, in cases of great in-hospital weight loss, breastfeeding adequacy is immediately questio...

    Authors: Sergio Verd, Diego de Sotto, Consuelo Fernández and Antonio Gutiérrez

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:25

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Exclusive breastfeeding is significantly associated with strong infant immunity and optimal development. The importance of breastfeeding is underestimated. Parental lack of knowledge and unhealthy practices re...

    Authors: Rubeena Zakar, Muhammad Zakria Zakar, Lubna Zaheer and Florian Fischer

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:24

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. The first priority for infant feeding is to encourage the use of infant’s mother’s breast milk, but when this is not possible, donated breast milk is the second best option. In developing countries, very few s...

    Authors: Tilayie Feto Gelano, Yadeta Dessie Bacha, Nega Assefa, Aboma Motumma, Aklilu Abrham Roba, Yohanes Ayele and Fikirte Tsige

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:23

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Lack of breastfeeding support is often cited by mothers as one of the key reasons for premature weaning. The experiences and perceptions of breastfeeding mothers in a range of contexts and their support needs ...

    Authors: Nicole Bridges, Gwyneth Howell and Virginia Schmied

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:22

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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