Featured commentary: Probiotics and mastitis: evidence-based marketing?
Probiotics are defined as live micro-organisms, which when administered in adequate amounts, confer health benefits on the host. Scientists have isolated various strains of Lactobacilli from human milk, and the presence of these organisms is thought to be protective against breast infections, or mastitis. Although trials of probiotics to prevent mastitis in breastfeeding women are still in progress, health professionals in Australia are receiving marketing of these products. Is there sufficient evidence to prove the effectiveness of probiotics and promote them commercially for the treatment of mastitis?