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  1. Content type: Methodology

    The effect of breast milk fatty acid (FA) composition, particularly levels of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), on infant health outcomes is unclear. Part of the reason for this is difficulties in collecting, storin...

    Authors: Kristina Harris Jackson, Jason Polreis, Laura Sanborn, David Chaima and William S. Harris

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2016 11:1

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  2. Content type: Research

    Exclusive breastfeeding up to six months is considered to be beneficial for the health and wellbeing of infants and mothers. To guide policy makers in the development of targeted breastfeeding promotion strate...

    Authors: Nomita Chandhiok, Kh. Jitenkumar Singh, Damodar Sahu, Lucky Singh and Arvind Pandey

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:34

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  3. Content type: Research

    Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is the optimal way to feed children during their first six months of life, having important benefits for them and their mothers. However, the proportion of Ecuadorian mothers who ...

    Authors: Miguel Á. Jara-Palacios, Angélica C. Cornejo, Gabriela A. Peláez, Jenny Verdesoto and Andrés A. Galvis

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:33

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  4. Content type: Research

    Breastfeeding performance index is an explanatory attempt to summarize key breastfeeding practices by summarizing the different dimensions of breastfeeding practices into a single summary variable. Breastfeedi...

    Authors: Demewoz Haile and Sibhatu Biadgilign

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:32

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  5. Content type: Review

    Conflicting results exist about the short-and long-term effects of breastfeeding on bone mineral content (BMC) and bone mineral density (BMD). We conducted a systematic review to assess the relationship betwee...

    Authors: Ludmila Correa Muniz, Ana Maria Baptista Menezes, Romina Buffarini, Fernando Cesar Wehrmeister and Maria Cecília Formoso Assunção

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:31

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  6. Content type: Research

    For the first six months of life, breast milk is the ideal food to provide adequate quality and quantity of nutrients. Exclusive breastfeeding has a profound effect to reduce the risk of respiratory and gastro...

    Authors: Gashaw Andargie Biks, Amare Tariku and Gizachew Assefa Tessema

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:30

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  7. Content type: Research

    Breastfeeding is widely known for its imperative contribution in improving maternal and newborn health outcomes. However, evidence regarding timing of initiation of breastfeeding is limited in Tanzania. This s...

    Authors: Amon Exavery, Almamy Malick Kanté, Ahmed Hingora and James F. Phillips

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:27

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  8. Content type: Research

    Offspring from women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at risk for later overweight, and the aim of treatment regimens is to normalize their prognosis. While the general concept is that breastfeedin...

    Authors: Jesper Fenger-Grøn, Morten Fenger-Grøn, Charlotte Holst Blunck, Helena Schønemann-Rigel and Hanne Benedicte Wielandt

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:26

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  9. Content type: Research

    Breast milk is the optimal source of nutrition for infants in the first six months of life. Promoting and protecting breastfeeding is reflected in public health policy across the globe, but breastfeeding rates...

    Authors: Kylee N. Cox, Roslyn C. Giglia and Colin W. Binns

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:25

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  10. Content type: Research

    Early initiation of breastfeeding is a simple and cost effective intervention to advance the health of mothers and newborns. The World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) reco...

    Authors: Yihunie Lakew, Lianna Tabar and Demewoz Haile

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:24

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  11. Content type: Research

    Globally, an estimated 6.3 million children under-five years of age died in the year 2013. To reduce the burden of morbidity and mortality of infants, Ethiopia adopted the World Health Organization (WHO) recom...

    Authors: Maeza Mitiku Asfaw, Mesele Damte Argaw and Zelalem Kebede Kefene

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:23

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  12. Content type: Research

    Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is the best nutrition for the children during the first 6 months of life, yet despite knowing the clear benefits, the practice of EBF is low. The aim of the study is to determine ...

    Authors: Tigest Shifraw, Amare Worku and Yemane Berhane

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:22

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  13. Content type: Review

    Maternal obesity is associated with significantly lower rates of breastfeeding initiation, duration and exclusivity. Increasing rates of obesity among reproductive-age women has prompted the need to carefully ...

    Authors: Jennie Bever Babendure, Elizabeth Reifsnider, Elnora Mendias, Michael W. Moramarco and Yolanda R. Davila

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:21

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  14. Content type: Research

    There is a gap in knowledge on the growth of children exclusively breastfed during the fifth and sixth months of life. This study aimed to assess the growth of infants who were exclusively breastfed for the fi...

    Authors: Rosa de Fátima da Silva Vieira Marques, José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo Taddei, Tulio Konstantyner, Fábio Ancona Lopez, Affonso Celso Vieira Marques, Consuelo Silva de Oliveira and Josefina Aparecida Pellegrini Braga

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:20

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  15. Content type: Research

    The current breastfeeding initiation rate in Canada is approximately 87%. By one month, about 21% of women have stopped breastfeeding. Engorgement and edema in breast tissue can lead to breastfeeding challenge...

    Authors: Sonya Kujawa-Myles, Joy Noel-Weiss, Sandra Dunn, Wendy E Peterson and Kermaline Jean Cotterman

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:18

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  16. Content type: Research

    Although breastfeeding is common in Democratic Republic of the Congo, the proportion of women who exclusively breastfeed their babies up to 6 months remains low. This study aimed at identifying predictors of d...

    Authors: Pélagie Babakazo, Philippe Donnen, Pierre Akilimali, Nathalis Mapatano Mala Ali and Emile Okitolonda

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:19

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  17. Content type: Research

    The majority of new mothers in Sweden initiate breastfeeding and many experience initial difficulties. This experience is an important cause of early breastfeeding cessation. To increase understanding, there i...

    Authors: Lina Palmér, Gunilla Carlsson, David Brunt and Maria Nyström

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:17

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  18. Content type: Research

    Health authorities recommend 6 months of fully breastfeeding and continuation of breastfeeding for at least a year. Many women initiate breastfeeding in hospital but discontinue before the six-month period, an...

    Authors: Julie Quinlivan, Sonia Kua, Robert Gibson, Andrew McPhee and Maria M Makrides

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:16

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  19. Content type: Review

    The economic value of breastfeeding to the society at large is under researched and its importance as a preventive public health strategy is underestimated. What little research there is indicates that conside...

    Authors: Elien Rouw, Elizabeth Hormann and Veronika Scherbaum

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 9:22

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  20. Content type: Research

    Peer support is reported to be a key method to help build social capital in communities. To date there are no studies that describe how this can be achieved through a breastfeeding peer support service. In thi...

    Authors: Gill Thomson, Marie-Clare Balaam and Kirsty Hymers

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:15

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  21. Content type: Research

    South Africa has the highest prevalence of overweight/obesity in Sub-Saharan Africa. Assessing the effect of modifiable factors such as early infant feeding on growth velocity and overweight/obesity is therefo...

    Authors: Vundli Ramokolo, Carl Lombard, Meera Chhagan, Ingunn MS Engebretsen, Tanya Doherty, Ameena E Goga, Lars Thore Fadnes, Wanga Zembe, Debra J Jackson and Jan Van den Broeck

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:14

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    The Correction to this article has been published in International Breastfeeding Journal 2017 12:47

  22. Content type: Research

    Exclusive breastfeeding rates remain low in most countries in sub-Saharan Africa. We assessed the effects of a mother-based intervention on duration of diarrhoea and pneumonia in communities that were trained ...

    Authors: Meggie Gabida, Milton Chemhuru, Mufuta Tshimanga, Notion T Gombe, Lucia Takundwa and Donewell Bangure

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:13

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  23. Content type: Commentary

    Lactation mastitis is a common, but poorly understood, inflammatory breast disease that is a significant health burden. A better understanding of the aetiology of mastitis is urgently required, and will assist...

    Authors: Wendy V Ingman, Danielle J Glynn and Mark R Hutchinson

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:12

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  24. Content type: Research

    A number of significant recent research studies have used techniques of economic modelling to demonstrate the potential benefits of increasing breastfeeding rates in the UK overall, and specifically in neonata...

    Authors: Karin Lowson, Clare Offer, Julie Watson, Bill McGuire and Mary J Renfrew

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:11

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  25. Content type: Research

    Early breastfeeding cessation is common in many regions of the world despite high breastfeeding initiation rates and strong evidence of the health benefits to both mother and infant. This research investigated...

    Authors: Marie Dietrich Leurer and Eunice Misskey

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:10

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  26. Content type: Research

    Despite scientific evidence substantiating the importance of breastfeeding in child survival and development and its economic benefits, assessments show gaps in many countries’ implementation of the 2003 WHO a...

    Authors: Radha Holla-Bhar, Alessandro Iellamo, Arun Gupta, Julie P Smith and Jai Prakash Dadhich

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:8

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  27. Content type: Research

    Appropriate feeding is important in improving nutrition and child survival. Documentation of knowledge of caregiver on infant feeding is scanty in Zambia. The aim of this study was to describe feeding practice...

    Authors: Mary Katepa-Bwalya, Victor Mukonka, Chipepo Kankasa, Freddie Masaninga, Olusegun Babaniyi and Seter Siziya

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:5

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  28. Content type: Reviewer acknowledgement

    The editor of International Breastfeeding Journal would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 9 (2014).

    Authors: Lisa H Amir

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:4

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  29. Content type: Research

    The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) aims to promote and support breastfeeding. Globally, around 20,000 facilities have been designated Baby-Friendly. In Austria, however, only 16% of the maternity uni...

    Authors: Christina C Wieczorek, Hermann Schmied, Thomas E Dorner and Wolfgang Dür

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:3

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  30. Content type: Research

    In Ethiopia national breastfeeding practice is poor because of traditional and cultural beliefs, low educational levels, heavy workload of mothers, poor sanitary conditions, type of assistance at delivery, dur...

    Authors: Bahre Teka, Huruy Assefa and Kiday Haileslassie

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:2

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  31. Content type: Research

    Exclusive breastfeeding is the most widely known and effective intervention for preventing early-childhood deaths. Optimum breastfeeding practices can prevent 1.4 million deaths worldwide among children under ...

    Authors: Getnet Mekuria and Melkie Edris

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2015 10:1

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  32. Content type: Research

    Clinical guidelines aim to improve patient outcomes by providing recommendations on appropriate healthcare for specific clinical conditions. Scientific evidence produced over time leads to change in clinical g...

    Authors: Elizabeth H Shayo, Bodil Bø Våga, Karen Marie Moland, Peter Kamuzora and Astrid Blystad

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2014 9:188

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  33. Content type: Commentary

    On a regular basis there is an outcry about a mother who has been told to cover up or move away from a public area while she is breastfeeding. Mothers should feel free to breastfeed whenever they need to. Howe...

    Authors: Lisa H Amir

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2014 9:187

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  34. Content type: Research

    The harmful infant feeding practices of prelacteal feeding is widely practiced in Ethiopia. Hence, it is vital to appreciate the cultural basis and potential factors on infant feeding practices in different pa...

    Authors: Misgan Legesse, Melake Demena, Firehiwot Mesfin and Demewoz Haile

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2014 9:189

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  35. Content type: Research

    Timely initiation of breastfeeding has been reported to reduce neonatal mortality by 19.1%. The World Health Organisation recommends early initiation of breastfeeding i.e. breastfeeding a newborn within the fi...

    Authors: Mandira Adhikari, Vishnu Khanal, Rajendra Karkee and Tania Gavidia

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2014 9:21

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  36. Content type: Commentary

    Lactation and breast milk can hold great value and meaning for grieving mothers who have experienced a recent death of an infant. Donation to a human milk bank (HMB) as an alternative to discarding breast milk...

    Authors: Katherine E Carroll, Brydan S Lenne, Kerri McEgan, Gillian Opie, Lisa H Amir, Sandra Bredemeyer, Ben Hartmann, Rachel Jones, Pieter Koorts, Helen McConachy, Patricia Mumford and Jan Polverino

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2014 9:23

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  37. Content type: Research

    Immediate and exclusive initiation of breastfeeding after delivery has been associated with better neonatal survival and child health and are recommended by the WHO. We report its impact on early infant feedin...

    Authors: Ingunn Marie S Engebretsen, Victoria Nankabirwa, Tanya Doherty, Abdoulaye Hama Diallo, Jolly Nankunda, Lars Thore Fadnes, Eva-Charlotte Ekström, Vundli Ramokolo, Nicolas Meda, Halvor Sommerfelt, Debra Jackson, Thorkild Tylleskär and James K Tumwine

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2014 9:19

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  38. Content type: Debate

    Accurate measurement of the duration of exclusive breastfeeding is complicated by factors related to definitions, timing, duration of recall, methods of analysis, and sample biases. Clearly prospective methods...

    Authors: Ted Greiner

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2014 9:18

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  39. Content type: Research

    Cosmetic breast augmentation (breast implants) is one of the most common plastic surgery procedures worldwide and uptake in high income countries has increased in the last two decades. Women need information a...

    Authors: Michal Schiff, Charles S Algert, Amanda Ampt, Mark S Sywak and Christine L Roberts

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2014 9:17

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  40. Content type: Methodology

    Cross-cultural adaptation is a necessary process to effectively use existing instruments in other cultural and language settings. The process of cross-culturally adapting, including translation, of existing in...

    Authors: Emily L Tuthill, Lisa M Butler, Jacqueline M McGrath, Regina M Cusson, Gracia Nokhaya Makiwane, Robert K Gable and Jeffrey D Fisher

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2014 9:16

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  41. Content type: Research

    The World Health Organization recommends promoting exclusive breastfeeding for six months. Women often end breastfeeding earlier than planned, however women who continue to breastfeed despite problems often ex...

    Authors: Ingrid Blixt, Lena B Mårtensson and Anette C Ekström

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2014 9:15

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  42. Content type: Research

    Infant feeding is governed by environmental as well as cultural factors. Breastfeeding knowledge and attitudes are known to be associated with breastfeeding duration. This study investigated breastfeeding info...

    Authors: Rajendra Karkee, Andy H Lee, Vishnu Khanal and Colin W Binns

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2014 9:14

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  43. Content type: Research

    Although breastfeeding is almost universal in Ethiopia, only 52% newborns benefited from early initiation in 2011. Early initiation is one of the recommended interventions for saving newborn lives but its pote...

    Authors: Mihretab Melesse Salasibew, Suzanne Filteau and Tanya Marchant

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2014 9:13

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  44. Content type: Research

    Despite evidence supporting the importance of breastfeeding to child health, breastfeeding practices remain suboptimal in Vietnam. There is currently little evidence on the importance of breastfeeding in the p...

    Authors: Nemat Hajeebhoy, Phuong H Nguyen, Priya Mannava, Tuan T Nguyen and Lan Tran Mai

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2014 9:12

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