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Table 2 Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios of diarrhea and ARI in the previous two weeks by type of feeding practice, among children surveyed

From: Suboptimal breastfeeding practices are associated with infant illness in Vietnam

  Diarrhea ARI
  Unadjusted OR Adjusted OR1 Unadjusted OR Adjusted OR1
(95% CI) (95% CI) (95% CI) (95% CI)
Early initiation of breastfeeding     
 Yes 0.74* 0.74* 0.90* 0.91
(0.59 – 0.93) (0.58 – 0.93) (0.80 – 1.02) (0.80 – 1.03)
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Prelacteal feeding     
 Yes 1.48** 1.53** 1.13* 1.16*
(1.12 – 1.95) (1.15 – 2.03) (0.99 – 1.30) (1.01 – 1.33)
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Breastfeeding status     
 Exclusively breastfed 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Predominantly breastfed 1.51* 1.52* 1.13 1.04
(1.05 – 2.19) (1.05 – 2.21) (0.95 – 1.35) (0.87 – 1.25)
 Partially breastfed 1.86*** 1.55* 1.71*** 1.24*
(1.32 – 2.62) (1.07 – 2.24) (1.46 – 2.02) (1.03 – 1.48)
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.
  2. 1Model adjusted for child (age, sex), mother (occupation, age, education), and household characteristics (location, socio-economic status, type of toilet, and source of drinking water).