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Table 4 Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding for six months (n =311)

From: Breastfeeding policy and practices at the general paediatric outpatient clinic of a teaching hospital in Lagos, Nigeria

Parameters Exclusive breastfeeding Odds ratio 95% CI
Yes No
No. % No. %
Maternal age       
 ≤ 30 years 55 35.9 98 64.1 1  
 > 30 years 57 36.1 101 63.9 1.01 0.6, 1.6
Infant sex       
 Female 42 32.8 86 67.2 1  
 Male 68 37.2 115 62.8 1.2 0.8, 1.9
Parity       
 Multiparity 79 34.5 150 65.5 1  
 Primiparity 33 40.2 49 59.8 1.3 0.8, 2.1
Religion       
 Muslim 19 18.5 75 81.5 1  
 Christian 93 42.9 124 57.1 3.0 1.7, 5.2*
Maternal education       
 At least secondary 48 31.8 103 68.2 1  
 Postsecondary 64 40.0 96 60.0 1.4 0.9, 2.3
Social class       
 Upper 27 34.6 51 65.4 1  
 Lower 85 36.5 148 63.5 1.1 0.6, 1.9
Place of antenatal care       
 Private hospital 63 41.7 88 58.3 3.8 1.2, 11.5*
 Government hospitals 40 31.0 89 69.0 2.2 0.8, 7.3
 Others 4 16.0 21 84.0 1  
Place of delivery       
 Private hospital 65 39.2 101 60.8 1.0 0.5, 2.0
 Government hospitals 30 29.7 71 70.3 0.7 0.3, 1.4
 Other 17 38.6 27 61.4 1  
  1. *p <0.05; Other - homes, mission homes and traditional birth attendance.