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  1. Breastfeeding is a complex behaviour relying on a combination of individual mother and infant characteristics, health systems, and family, community and professional support. Optimal breastfeeding in high-inco...

    Authors: Danielle Gallegos, Joy Parkinson, Sinead Duane, Christine Domegan, Elena Jansen and Rebekah Russell-Bennett
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:103
  2. Exclusive breastfeeding rates in many high-income countries are considerably lower than the World Health Organization recommendations. Younger mothers are less likely than older mothers to exclusively breastfe...

    Authors: Christa Buckland, Debra Hector, Gregory S. Kolt, Paul Fahey and Amit Arora
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:102
  3. In Australia, during the early establishment phase of breastfeeding, women can access telephone peer support counselling provided by the Australian Breastfeeding Association (ABA) however options for face-to-f...

    Authors: Elaine S. Burns, Louise Duursma and Zoi Triandafilidis
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:101
  4. Return to employment is a major barrier to breastfeeding continuation, globally and in the Southern African context. The Lancet Breastfeeding Series revealed an explicit need for research exploring breastfeedi...

    Authors: Bongekile P. Mabaso, Ameeta Jaga and Tanya Doherty
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:100
  5. Breastfeeding is critical to promote maternal and child health. China has set national targets to further improve the exclusive breastfeeding rate. We aimed to examine associations between the provision of ear...

    Authors: Chen-ran Wang, Xia-yun Li, Lin Zhang, Lin-man Wu, Ling Tan, Fei Yuan, Yao Guo, Sarah Williams and Tao Xu
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:99
  6. Ensuring women receive optimal breastfeeding support is of key importance to the health of mothers and their infants. Early discharge within 24 h of birth is increasingly common across Australia, and the pract...

    Authors: Lucy James, Linda Sweet and Roslyn Donnellan-Fernandez
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:98
  7. Parents’ decisions about how to feed their newborns are influenced by multiple factors. Our objective was to identify the factors that can influence the decision to breastfeed.

    Authors: Ana Ballesta-Castillejos, Juan Gómez-Salgado, Julián Rodríguez-Almagro, Inmaculada Ortiz-Esquinas and Antonio Hernández-Martínez
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:97
  8. Inadequate breastmilk production is one of the key factors associated with suboptimal breastfeeding. In most local African homes, special herbs and some food items are commonly used to promote breastmilk produ...

    Authors: Zakari Ali, Mohammed Bukari, Anita Mwinisonaam, Abdul-Latif Abdul-Rahaman and Abdul-Razak Abizari
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:96
  9. The 2013 updated guidelines on management of severe acute malnutrition in infants and children recommends the support of exclusive breastfeeding. These guidelines are inconsistently applied in low and middle i...

    Authors: Dorothy Chepkirui, Jacinta Nzinga, Julie Jemutai, Benjamin Tsofa, Caroline Jones and Martha Mwangome
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:95
  10. The baby and mother friendly initiative is a breastfeeding programme in Namibia aimed to protect, promote and support breastfeeding. The purpose of this study was to describe nurse managers’ perceptions and ex...

    Authors: Justina N. Amadhila and Gisela H. Van Rensburg
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:94
  11. In Bangladesh 65% of children under 6 months of age were exclusively breastfed with maternal employment being a risk factor that has jeopardized exclusive breastfeeding. As Ready Made Garment (RMG) factories h...

    Authors: A M Rumayan Hasan, George Smith, Mohammad Abdus Selim, Shahinoor Akter, Nazib Uz Zaman Khan, Tamanna Sharmin and Sabrina Rasheed
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:93
  12. The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative is generally considered an effective way to promote breastfeeding. Although China has the largest number of baby-friendly hospitals in the world, research on baby-friendly...

    Authors: Yue Zhang, Jinliuxing Yang, Wenhao Li, Nianrong Wang, Ya Ye, Shuangqin Yan, Sumei Wang, Ting Zeng, Zijuan Huang, Fenghua Zhang, Yin Li, Shiyi Yao, Haijun Wang, Scott Rozelle, Tao Xu and Xi Jin
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:92
  13. Timely initiation of breastfeeding is putting the newborn to the breast within 1 h of birth. Its practice can prevent neonatal and under-5 mortality. This study aims to assess the prevalence and factors associ...

    Authors: Paschal Awingura Apanga and Maxwell Tii Kumbeni
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:91

    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in International Breastfeeding Journal 2021 16:16

  14. An extended duration of breastfeeding of up to two years is encouraged by many health authorities, but information regarding the composition of milk after one year postpartum is limited. The goal of this study...

    Authors: Krongporn Ongprasert, Jetsada Ruangsuriya, Rungnapa Malasao, Ratana Sapbamrer, Pikul Suppansan, Pisittawoot Ayood, Kulnipa Kittisakmontri and Penprapa Siviroj
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:90
  15. Donor human milk (DHM) is an alternative to preterm infant formula if the mother’s own milk is not available. Since the lactation period and preservation treatment of DHM are different from those of mother’s o...

    Authors: Rui Yang, Danqi Chen, Qingqi Deng and Xinfen Xu
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:89
  16. Angola has one of the highest annual under-five mortality rates in in the world and malnutrition poses a severe problem in the country. This study is the first to focus on the traditional knowledge of plants, ...

    Authors: Gesine Jendras, Mawunu Monizi, Christoph Neinhuis and Thea Lautenschläger
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:88
  17. Evidence suggests that inadequate hospital practices, as well as sociocultural and community factors have detrimental effects on timely initiation as the first breastfeed within first hour after birth, and exc...

    Authors: Sonia Hernández-Cordero, Ana Lilia Lozada-Tequeanes, Ana Cecilia Fernández-Gaxiola, Teresa Shamah-Levy, Matthias Sachse, Paula Veliz and Izchel Cosío-Barroso
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:87
  18. In China, less than one third of infants under 6 months of age are being exclusively breastfed. Maternal rural-to-urban migration contributes to these low rates of breastfeeding practices. Therefore, the aim o...

    Authors: Xiao Han Yin, Chen Zhao, Yu Mei Yang, Hui Feng Shi, Tian Chen Wu, Jia Lei Xie, Jie Qiong Niu, Xiao Li Wang and Jin Fang
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:86
  19. Antenatal breastfeeding education (ANBE) is provided to all pregnant women attending Ministry of Health (MOH) clinics and some private health facilities in Malaysia, in line with the WHO/UNICEF Baby-Friendly H...

    Authors: May Loong Tan, Siew Cheng Foong, Jacqueline J. Ho, Wai Cheng Foong, Rokiah Mohd and Zuhaida Harun
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:85
  20. One of the most important factors that affects breastfeeding self-efficacy and exclusivity is breastfeeding support provided by the family. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of breastfeeding ed...

    Authors: Tayebeh Gharaei, Leila Amiri-Farahani, Shima Haghani and Syedeh Batool Hasanpoor-Azghady
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:84
  21. Despite evidences of breastfeeding for preventing acute physical illnesses in infants, the evidence for the association between breastfeeding and long-term cognitive development is not yet convincing.

    Authors: Kyoung Min Kim and Jae-Won Choi
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:83
  22. The COVID-19 pandemic is disrupting normal life globally, every area of life is touched. The pandemic demands quick action and as new information emerges, reliable synthesises and guidelines for care are urgen...

    Authors: Welma Lubbe, Elina Botha, Hannakaisa Niela-Vilen and Penny Reimers
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:82
  23. Global guidelines recommend exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first 6 months of life. South African EBF rates have steadily increased but still only average 32% for infants below 6 months of age. Malnutrit...

    Authors: Zara Trafford, Sara Jewett, Alison Swartz, Amnesty E. LeFevre, Peter J. Winch, Christopher J. Colvin, Peter Barron and Lesley Bamford
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:81
  24. Early initiation of breastfeeding offers nutritional and immunological benefits to the newborn, which is critical for health and survival. Understanding factors associated with timely initiation of breastfeedi...

    Authors: Farida Ali, Melina Mgongo, Redempta Mamseri, Johnston M. George, Innocent B. Mboya and Sia E. Msuya
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:80
  25. Factors associated with duration of breastfeeding have been usually studied at specific times after birth. Little is known about how much time is added to breastfeeding by each associated factor.

    Authors: Carolina Lechosa-Muñiz, María Paz-Zulueta, Sonia Mateo Sota, María Sáez de Adana Herrero, Elsa Cornejo del Rio, Javier Llorca and María J. Cabero-Perez
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:79
  26. Breastfeeding an infant exposed to Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) carries the risk of HIV acquisition whilst not breastfeeding poses a higher risk of death from malnutrition, diarrhea, and pneumonia. In Ug...

    Authors: Jackslina Gaaniri Ngbapai, Jonathan Izudi and Stephen Okoboi
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:78
  27. We investigate whether correct infant feeding knowledge and practice differ by maternal HIV status in an era of evolving clinical guidelines in rural South Africa.

    Authors: H. Manisha Yapa, Róisín Drayne, Nigel Klein, Jan-Walter De Neve, Kathy Petoumenos, Awachana Jiamsakul, Carina Herbst, Deenan Pillay, Frank A. Post and Till Bärnighausen
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:77
  28. Despite national efforts to promote exclusive breastfeeding (EBF), South Africa’s EBF rate is only 32 %. The aim of this study was to examine the rate of EBF discontinuation and the lived experiences of breast...

    Authors: Chantell Witten, Nicole Claasen, Herculina S. Kruger, Anna Coutsoudis and Herman Grobler
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:76
  29. Best practices in breastfeeding are often not followed despite appropriate levels of knowledge and positive attitudes regarding the benefits of human milk. For many reasons, some women do not initiate breastfe...

    Authors: Wilma B. Freire, William F. Waters, Diana Román, Philippe Belmont, Emily Wilkinson-Salamea, Adrián Diaz, Ivan Palacios and Enrique Bucheli
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:75
  30. Suboptimal breastfeeding practices are driven by multiple factors. Thus, a multi-sectoral approach is necessary to design and implement appropriate policies and programs that protect, promote, and support brea...

    Authors: Richmond Aryeetey, Kassandra Harding, Amber Hromi-Fiedler and Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:74
  31. Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) has multiple benefits for both the child and the mother; however, there is little data regarding the reason why Mexican mothers with a high socio-economic level abandon EBF before...

    Authors: María Natividad Ávila-Ortiz, Ana Elisa Castro-Sánchez, Elizabeth Andrea Martínez-González, Georgina Mayela Núñez-Rocha and Adriana Zambrano-Moreno
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:73
  32. Breastfeeding success has been measured based on its duration, disregarding satisfaction with the maternal experience. Studies to investigate maternal satisfaction with breastfeeding are rare, especially in Br...

    Authors: Andrea Francis Kroll de Senna, Camila Giugliani, Juliana Avilla, Agnes Meire Branco Leria Bizon, Ana Cláudia Magnus Martins and Elsa Regina Justo Giugliani
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:72
  33. The health and developmental advantages of human milk and breastfeeding are particularly important for infants with Down syndrome. However, they typically have shorter breastfeeding duration due to sucking iss...

    Authors: Viviane Silva Coentro, Donna T. Geddes and Sharon L. Perrella
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:71
  34. Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is recommended for the first six months of age by the World Health Organization. Mothers’ good knowledge and positive attitude play key roles in the process of exclusive breastfee...

    Authors: Jean Prince Claude Dukuzumuremyi, Kwabena Acheampong, Julius Abesig and Jiayou Luo
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:70
  35. The first reports of the Chinese experience in the management of newborns of mothers with SARS-CoV 2 infection did not recommend mother-baby contact or breastfeeding. At present, the most important Internation...

    Authors: Augusto Pereira, Sara Cruz-Melguizo, Maria Adrien, Lucia Fuentes, Eugenia Marin, Azul Forti and Tirso Perez-Medina
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:69
  36. In an effort to prevent infants being infected with SARS-CoV-2, some governments, professional organisations, and health facilities are instituting policies that isolate newborns from their mothers and otherwi...

    Authors: Karleen Gribble, Roger Mathisen, Mija-tesse Ververs and Anna Coutsoudis
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:67
  37. Human breast milk is one of the key early postnatal biological exposures for the developing child. It includes bioactive compounds, such as cortisol and fatty acids, which may be linked via the mother’s lipid ...

    Authors: Kaisa M. Linderborg, Maaria Kortesniemi, Anna-Katariina Aatsinki, Linnea Karlsson, Hasse Karlsson, Baoru Yang and Henna-Maria Uusitupa
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:66
  38. Perceived milk supply is an important modifiable factor for optimal breastfeeding. However, little is known about maternal perception of milk supply or how it impacts breastfeeding practices. The aim of this s...

    Authors: Ayyu Sandhi, Gabrielle T. Lee, Roselyn Chipojola, Mega Hasanul Huda and Shu-Yu Kuo
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:65
  39. China has an extremely low exclusive breastfeeding rate. Kangaroo mother care (KMC) has been shown to increase the exclusive breastfeeding rate among infants born extremely or very preterm. However, there is l...

    Authors: Bo Zhang, Zhiying Duan, Yingxi Zhao, Sarah Williams, Stephen Wall, Limin Huang, Xiaoqin Zhang, Wenli Wu, Jieya Yue, Lin Zhang, Jun Liu and Gengli Zhao
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:64
  40. Breastfeeding is emerging as an important reproductive rights issue in the care of trans and gender nonconforming people. This study sought to understand the tools available to professionals working in the fie...

    Authors: Emily Trautner, Megan McCool-Myers and Andrea Braden Joyner
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:63
  41. Although the baby-friendly community initiative (BFCI) has been proposed as a community-level approach to improve infant feeding practices, there is little data on its variation in effectiveness by HIV status....

    Authors: Betty Mogesi Samburu, Sera Lewise Young, Frederick Murunga Wekesah, Milkah Njeri Wanjohi, Judith Kimiywe, Peter Muriuki, Paula L. Griffiths, Stephen T. McGarvey, Nyovani Janet Madise and Elizabeth W. Kimani-Murage
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:62
  42. While exclusive breastfeeding is recommended to 6 months of age, just 15% of mothers in Australia achieve this. The rate appears to be even lower among mothers born in China, where 90% have introduced infant f...

    Authors: Konsita Kuswara, Karen J. Campbell, Kylie D. Hesketh, Miaobing Zheng and Rachel Laws
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:61
  43. In Jordan, the rate of exclusive breastfeeding is declining. The trend variation in breastfeeding practice is determined by different factors including antenatal women’s attitude and planning which are affecte...

    Authors: Wasim Khasawneh, Khalid Kheirallah, Mai Mazin and Sanaa Abdulnabi
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:60
  44. Mexico has shown a worrisome decrease in breastfeeding indicators, especially in the lowest socioeconomic level. Improving breastfeeding protection, promotion, and support services through workforce developmen...

    Authors: Mireya Vilar-Compte, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Meztli Moncada and Diana Flores
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:59
  45. Evidence of interventions that are effective in improving exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practices is needed to help countries revise their strategies. To assess whether mothers who had participated in the Nutr...

    Authors: Jaures H. F. Lokonon, Waliou Amoussa Hounkpatin and Nicole Idohou-Dossou
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:58
  46. The profile of sirtuin 3 (SIRT3), 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and serotonin (5-HT) in cord blood and in early breast milk was studied and it was related to pe...

    Authors: Kata Nyárády, Réka Turai, Simone Funke, Erzsébet Györgyi, Alexandra Makai, Viktória Prémusz, József Bódis and Endre Sulyok
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:57
  47. Although substantial evidence exists on factors that influence exclusive breastfeeding, there is a general lack of qualitative studies that examine how specific workplace factors constrain or promote exclusive...

    Authors: Gordon Abekah-Nkrumah, Maame Yaa Antwi, Jacqueline Nkrumah and Fred Yao Gbagbo
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:56
  48. Obesity is a worldwide public health problem that demands significant attention. Several studies have found that maternal obesity has a negative effect on the duration of breastfeeding and delayed lactogenesis...

    Authors: Ana Ballesta-Castillejos, Juan Gomez-Salgado, Julian Rodriguez-Almagro, Inmaculada Ortiz-Esquinas and Antonio Hernandez-Martinez
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2020 15:55

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