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  1. In 2016, 98% of children in Zimbabwe received breastmilk, however only 40% of babies under six months were exclusively breastfed 24 h prior to data collection. A 2014 survey revealed that Matabeleland South Pr...

    Authors: Paddington T. Mundagowa, Elizabeth M. Chadambuka, Pugie T. Chimberengwa and Fadzai Mukora-Mutseyekwa

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:30

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended in the first six months of life. Observing breastfeeding practices and further the introduction of complementary food using a birth cohort can provide a better understand...

    Authors: Samarasimha Reddy N., Kulandaipalayam Natarajan Sindhu, Karthikeyan Ramanujam, Anuradha Bose, Gagandeep Kang and Venkata Raghava Mohan

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:29

    Content type: Short report

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  3. Breastfeeding rates remain low in China and some mothers stop breastfeeding shortly after returning to work. Our study aimed to investigate the association between breastfeeding practices of working mothers an...

    Authors: Jiawen Chen, Tong Xin, Junjian Gaoshan, Qiuhong Li, Kaiyue Zou, Shihui Tan, Yuhan Cheng, Yuning Liu, Jingyi Chen, Hanyu Wang, Ying Mu, Li Jiang and Kun Tang

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:28

    Content type: Research

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  4. Almost half of all Indonesian children under 6 months of age were not exclusive breastfed in 2017. Optimizing maternity protection programs may result in increased breastfeeding rates. This study aims to: esti...

    Authors: Adiatma Y. M. Siregar, Pipit Pitriyan, Dylan Walters, Matthew Brown, Linh T. H. Phan and Roger Mathisen

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:27

    Content type: Research

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  5. Significant efforts by governments at a global and national level have not resulted in a significant increase in the duration of breastfeeding to six months. The views of family and social networks, and commun...

    Authors: Virginia Schmied, Elaine Burns and Athena Sheehan

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:25

    Content type: Research

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  6. Decisions about infant feeding are embedded and are continuously made within a woman’s social and cultural context. Despite the benefits of breastfeeding to both women and infants, and government policies and ...

    Authors: Athena Sheehan, Karleen Gribble and Virginia Schmied

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:24

    Content type: Research

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  7. Published with its figure legend erroneously omitted.

    Authors: Felix Akpojene Ogbo, Mansi Vijaybhai Dhami, Akorede O. Awosemo, Bolajoko O. Olusanya, Jacob Olusanya, Uchechukwu L. Osuagwu, Pramesh Raj Ghimire, Andrew Page and Kingsley E. Agho

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:22

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:20

  8. With an increasing demand for mother’s own milk to be viewed as a primary source of nutritional support in the care of very small and preterm infants, mothers of preterm infants may be at risk of expressing su...

    Authors: Elizabeth V. Asztalos, Alex Kiss, Orlando P. daSilva, Marsha Campbell-Yeo, Shinya Ito and David Knoppert

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:21

    Content type: Research

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  9. Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) has important benefits for both the mother and child. In India, no nationwide studies have examined patterns of EBF in the past decade to inform national and subnational breastfee...

    Authors: Felix Akpojene Ogbo, Mansi Vijaybhai Dhami, Akorede O. Awosemo, Bolajoko O. Olusanya, Jacob Olusanya, Uchechukwu L. Osuagwu, Pramesh Raj Ghimire, Andrew Page and Kingsley E. Agho

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:20

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:22

  10. The current situation of breastfeeding in China has been discussed in many articles, and a declining trend of breastfeeding duration has been confirmed. The associations between various socioeconomic, reproduc...

    Authors: Kun Tang, Yaqian Liu, Ke Meng, Li Jiang, Shihui Tan, Yuning Liu and Jiawen Chen

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:19

    Content type: Research

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  11. Breastfeeding benefits both mothers and infants. Even though Taiwan national policy promotes exclusive breastfeeding (EBF), the rates in Taiwan are below those in other developed countries. This study aimed to...

    Authors: Pei-Chi Chang, Sin-Fong Li, Hsin-Yi Yang, Li-Chu Wang, Cing-Ya Weng, Kuan-Fen Chen, Wei Chen and Sheng-Yu Fan

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:18

    Content type: Research

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  12. Pre-pubescent girls with chest burns are at risk of complication associated with scarring and impairment in breast development. This case illustrates how burn injuries in childhood in a first-time mother have ...

    Authors: Zurraini Arabi, Ezura Madiana Md Monoto and Agusmanan Bojeng

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:17

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Optimal breastfeeding practices, reflected by early initiation and feeding of colostrum, avoidance of prelacteal feeds, and continued exclusivity or predominance of breastfeeding, are critical for assuring pro...

    Authors: Shiva Bhandari, Andrew L. Thorne-Lyman, Binod Shrestha, Sumanta Neupane, Bareng Aletta Sanny Nonyane, Swetha Manohar, Rolf D. W. Klemm and Keith P. West Jr

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:14

    Content type: Research

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  14. Kangaroo mother care is a comprehensive intervention given for all newborns especially for premature and low birthweight infants. It is the most feasible and preferred intervention for decreasing neonatal morb...

    Authors: Alemayehu Gonie Mekonnen, Sisay Shewasinad Yehualashet and Alebachew Demelash Bayleyegn

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:12

    Content type: Research

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  15. Since 2010, the World Health Organization recommends lifelong antiretroviral treatment for all women living with HIV, and exclusive breastfeeding for six-months followed by breastfeeding until 24-months for al...

    Authors: Nora S. West, Sheree R. Schwartz, Nompumelelo Yende, Sarah J. Schwartz, Lauren Parmley, Mary Beth Gadarowski, Lillian Mutunga, Jean Bassett and Annelies Van Rie

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:11

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  16. In India, though breastfeeding is universally practiced, exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) rates in urban informal settlements are low; and health programs face several challenges in promoting EBF. In this study, ...

    Authors: Sudha Ramani, Nikhat Shaikh, Sushmita Das, Shanti Pantvaidya, Armida Fernandez and Anuja Jayaraman

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:10

    Content type: Research

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  17. Breast milk provides nutrition for infants and also contains a variety of bioactive factors that influence the development of the newborn. Human milk is a complex biological fluid that can be separated into di...

    Authors: Reka A. Vass, Agnes Kemeny, Timea Dergez, Tibor Ertl, Dora Reglodi, Adel Jungling and Andrea Tamas

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:9

    Content type: Research

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  18. Early skin-to-skin contact promotes infant physiologic stability, provides warmth and makes breast milk readily available. Despite the known benefits of early skin-to-skin contact, this practice is not include...

    Authors: Luis Fernando Sanchez-Espino, Gregorio Zuniga-Villanueva and Jose Luis Ramirez-GarciaLuna

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:8

    Content type: Research

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  19. Despite the array of studies on infant feeding practices of HIV-infected women, gaps still exist in the understanding of the underlying reasons for their infant feeding choices. Potential for behavioural chang...

    Authors: Oladele Vincent Adeniyi, Anthony Idowu Ajayi, Moshood Issah, Eyitayo Omolara Owolabi, Daniel Ter Goon, Gordana Avramovic and John Lambert

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:7

    Content type: Research

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  20. In Afar, a pastoralist and remote area of Ethiopia, one in five children suffers from acute malnutrition. Investigation of the prevalence and associated factors of exclusive breastfeeding may provide insight i...

    Authors: Medhin Tsegaye, Dessalegn Ajema, Solomon Shiferaw and Robel Yirgu

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:6

    Content type: Research

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  21. Early initiation of breastfeeding, also known as early initiation, is the provision of a mothers own breast milk to her infant within one hour of birth. In Ethiopia, there is a considerable variation in the ti...

    Authors: Amare Belachew

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:5

    Content type: Research

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  22. In Nigeria, diarrhoea contributes significantly to childhood morbidity and mortality, with suboptimal breastfeeding practices playing a key role. The present study aimed to report on diarrhoea deaths and disab...

    Authors: Felix Akpojene Ogbo, Anselm Okoro, Bolajoko O. Olusanya, Jacob Olusanya, Ifegwu K. Ifegwu, Akorede O. Awosemo, Pascal Ogeleka and Andrew Page

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:4

    Content type: Research

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  23. School-based breastfeeding education (SBBE) may help improve breastfeeding rates in the long term by instilling in young people a base of evidence-informed knowledge, skills, and attitudes that primes them to ...

    Authors: Sara Moukarzel, Christoforos Mamas, Antoine Farhat and Alan J. Daly

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:3

    Content type: Research

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  24. Optimising breastfeeding rates is a public health priority. Studies have shown that all forms of extra breastfeeding support increase breastfeeding rates, including support provided by trained health professio...

    Authors: Irena Zakarija-Grkovic, Anita Pavicic Bosnjak, Ivan Buljan, Renata Vettorazzi and Linda J. Smith

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:2

    Content type: Research

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  25. In Brazil, the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) proposes following the criteria, the “Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding”, International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes and Good birth a...

    Authors: Renara Guedes Araújo, Vânia de Matos Fonseca, Maria Inês Couto de Oliveira and Eloane Gonçalves Ramos

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2019 14:1

    Content type: Research

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  26. Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) (breast milk feeding without additional food or drink, except medicine) is associated with deceased risk of postnatal transmission of HIV from mother to child.

    Authors: John Okanda, George Otieno, John Kinuthia, Pam Kohler and Grace John-Stewart

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:51

    Content type: Research

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  27. Although the risk of HIV transmission through breastfeeding is reduced considerably with the use of antiretroviral therapy, infant feeding by HIV positive mothers remains controversial. Weighing risks against ...

    Authors: Ancilla-Kate Umeobieri, Chinyere Mbachu, Benjamin S. C. Uzochukwu, Aniwada Elias, Babatunde Omotowo, Chuka Agunwa and Ikechukwu Obi

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:50

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Prelacteal feeding can be defined as giving any solid or liquid foods other than breast milk during the first three days after birth. It affects timely initiation of breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding p...

    Authors: Habtamu Temesgen, Ayenew Negesse, Wubetu Woyraw, Temesgen Getaneh and Molla Yigizaw

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:49

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  29. Despite the ongoing efforts to improve infant feeding practices, low rates of breastfeeding and early introduction of complementary feeding have been reported in many countries. Systematic documentation of bre...

    Authors: Zainab Taha, Malin Garemo and Joy Nanda

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:48

    Content type: Research

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  30. Due to the health and economic benefits of breast milk, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that for infants who cannot receive breast milk from their own mothers, the next preferred option is donat...

    Authors: Kenechukwu K. Iloh, Chidiebere DI. Osuorah, Ikenna K. Ndu, Isaac N. Asinobi, Ijeoma N. Obumneme-Anyim, Chijioke E. Ezeudu, Ukoha M. Oluchi, Onyinye U. Anyanwu, Uchenna Ekwochi, Christian C. Ogoke, Adaeze C. Ayuk and Herbert U. Obu

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:47

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. There is a paucity of data regarding risk factors associated with suboptimal breastfeeding practices in urbanized areas of low-middle income countries (LMICs).

    Authors: Quynh-Nhi Thi Le, Khanh-Lam Phung, Van-Thuy Thi Nguyen, Katherine L. Anders, Minh-Nguyet Nguyen, Diem-Tuyet Thi Hoang, Thuy-Tien Thi Bui, Vinh-Chau Van Nguyen, Guy E. Thwaites, Cameron Simmons and Stephen Baker

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:46

    Content type: Research

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  32. Maternal breastfeeding is a practice that is associated with multiple health benefits for mothers and children. One of the lowest rates of breastfeeding has been observed among Chinese women who immigrate to h...

    Authors: Juan Luis González-Pascual, Juana María Aguilar-Ortega, Laura Esteban-Gonzalo, Concepción Mesa-Leiva, Santiago Pérez-García and César Cardenete-Reyes

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:45

    Content type: Research

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  33. Despite the substantial impact on child and maternal health, breastfeeding practices for infants remain at the suboptimum level in Bangladesh. Yet the understanding of why these practices are suboptimal, espec...

    Authors: Halima Khatun, Carly A Comins, Rajesh Shah, M Munirul Islam, Nuzhat Choudhury and Tahmeed Ahmed

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:44

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Donor human milk is the World Health Organization’s recommendation for infant feeding when the mother’s own breast milk is unavailable. Breast milk has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality and in low b...

    Authors: Penelope Reimers, Natalie Shenker, Gillian Weaver and Anna Coutsoudis

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:43

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  35. We investigated the possible risk factors that could influence the likelihood of breastfeeding at 5 to 9 weeks postpartum with our primary aim being to analyse the associations between psychological vulnerabil...

    Authors: Daryl Jian An Tan, John Paul Lew, Maria Binte Jumhasan, Cynthia Pang, Rehena Sultana and Ban Leong Sng

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:42

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Implications of donor milk feedings on infant growth in resource limited settings remain uncertain. This knowledge gap includes the impact of donor milk availability on infant intake of mother’s own milk. Ther...

    Authors: Hayley Sparks, Lucy Linley, Jennifer L. Beaumont and Daniel T. Robinson

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:41

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. While breastfeeding rates have improved globally, disparities in breastfeeding practices persist particularly in rural and low resource settings. In India, only 56% of Indian mothers practice exclusive breastf...

    Authors: Holly Nishimura, Karl Krupp, Savitha Gowda, Vijaya Srinivas, Anjali Arun and Purnima Madhivanan

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:40

    Content type: Research

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  38. Suboptimal breastfeeding is a major cause of infant morbidity and mortality across the world. Inconsistent data has hampered quantification of this practice, however, limiting breastfeeding promotion efforts. ...

    Authors: Thomas J. Roberts, Yana E. Hoy-Schulz, Kaniz Jannat and Julie Parsonnet

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:39

    Content type: Short report

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  39. Breastfeeding is a recognized means of ensuring optimal nutrition for the infant. Exclusive breastfeeding is defined as feeding an infant child breast milk only, and for optimal nutrition it is recommended tha...

    Authors: Osiyosola O. Osibogun, Tolulope F. Olufunlayo and Samson O. Oyibo

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:38

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Inappropriate infant feeding affects the probability of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and HIV-free survival of infants. However, in Ethiopia limited evidence exists regarding the infant feeding practice ...

    Authors: Daba Ejara, Demelash Mulualem and Samson Gebremedhin

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:37

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Since 2005, the national policy on breastfeeding in Sri Lanka is exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months, as recommended by World Health Organization. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of...

    Authors: Himali Erandathie Ratnayake and Dhammica Rowel

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:36

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. The World Health Organization (WHO) encourages early initiation of breastfeeding within the first hour after birth with the objective of saving children’s lives. There are few published research papers about f...

    Authors: Ahmed A. Hassan, Zainab Taha, Mohammed Ahmed A. Ahmed, Abdel Aziem A. Ali and Ishag Adam

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:34

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is an essential fatty acid required for proper growth and development. DHA levels in breast milk vary worldwide. Higher levels are observed among coastal populations and are associat...

    Authors: Līva Aumeistere, Inga Ciproviča, Dace Zavadska and Viktors Volkovs

    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2018 13:33

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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