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  1. National legislation in Pakistan adopted the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes in 2002 to restrict the promotion of infant formula feeding. Our objectives were to assess health professi...

    Authors: Mihretab Salasibew, Ayyaz Kiani, Brian Faragher and Paul Garner
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:24
  2. Recent reviews and meta-analyses conclude that breastfeeding constitutes a small but consistent protective effect against obesity or higher values of body mass index (BMI) in children, though in some studies t...

    Authors: Andrej M Grjibovski, Bettina Ehrenblad and Agneta Yngve
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:23
  3. Lactational mastitis is a painful, debilitating condition that if inappropriately managed, may lead women to discontinue breastfeeding prematurely. The aim of this paper is to report the incidence of mastitis ...

    Authors: Jane A Scott, Michele Robertson, Julie Fitzpatrick, Christopher Knight and Sally Mulholland
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:21
  4. There is limited evidence on the use of the Snoezelen concept for maternity clients. Snoezelen, a Dutch concept, initiated in the 1970s as a leisure activity for severely disabled people, involves creating an ...

    Authors: Yvonne L Hauck, Lisa Summers, Ellie White and Cheryl Jones
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:20
  5. The expression of human milk for later use is on the rise. Bottle systems are used to deliver the expressed milk. Research has shown that storage of both human milk and artificial baby milk, or infant formula,...

    Authors: Jimi Francis, Kristy Rogers, Paul Brewer, Darby Dickton and Ron Pardini
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:19
  6. Women gain total body weight and accrue body fat during pregnancy. Breastfeeding has been suggested as an efficient means of promoting postpartum weight loss due to its high energy cost. We investigated the ef...

    Authors: Irene E Hatsu, Dawn M McDougald and Alex K Anderson
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:18
  7. Many women experience breastfeeding difficulties. Sometimes these difficulties lead to breastfeeding cessation. Breastfeeding clinics provide support for women facing such problems. This study aims to describe...

    Authors: Caroline Lamontagne, Anne-Marie Hamelin and Monik St-Pierre
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:17
  8. The mass media have the potential to be powerful friends or foes in promoting breastfeeding. The media could help by putting the issue of breastfeeding on policy agendas and by framing breastfeeding as healthy...

    Authors: Jane D Brown and Sheila Rose Peuchaud
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:15
  9. Infant feeding occurs in the context of continued gender inequities and in the context of a feminist movement that left women vulnerable to a system that defined the male body and mind as the norm. This paper ...

    Authors: Paige Hall Smith
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:12
  10. The American focus on the sexual purpose of breasts, rather than the physiological function of breasts, has serious public health consequences. Discomfort with breastfeeding in public lowers breastfeeding rate...

    Authors: Jacqueline H Wolf
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:11
  11. This paper identifies how the different ideologies of patriarchy, technology, capitalism, race and feminism shape how we see breastfeeding and the breastfeeding mother with child. Ultimately, while we can make...

    Authors: Barbara Katz Rothman
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:9
  12. There are few reliable and valid tools to assess lactation and infant feeding knowledge and practices. This study tested the psychometric properties of two new scales, the Newborn Feeding Ability (NFA) questio...

    Authors: Debra K Creedy, Ruth M Cantrill and Marie Cooke
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:7
  13. The role of bacterial pathogens in lactational mastitis remains unclear. The objective of this study was to compare bacterial species in breast milk of women with mastitis and of healthy breast milk donors and...

    Authors: Linda J Kvist, Bodil Wilde Larsson, Marie Louise Hall-Lord, Anita Steen and Claes Schalén
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:6
  14. Antenatal counseling on breastfeeding and postnatal lactation support are likely to improve rates of exclusive breastfeeding. This descriptive study was undertaken to assess whether antenatal visits were utili...

    Authors: Gunasekaran Dhandapany, Adhisivam Bethou, Arulkumaran Arunagirinathan and Shanthi Ananthakrishnan
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:5
  15. Breastfeeding is the basis for appropriate nutrition for infants and is strongly supported by the Ministry of Health in China. However, there are differences in infant feeding practices in different areas of t...

    Authors: Liqian Qiu, Yun Zhao, Colin W Binns, Andy H Lee and Xing Xie
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:4
  16. The proportion of mothers in Japan who breastfeed exclusively has been low since the 1970s. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the time of first breastfeed after birth and the pro...

    Authors: Yuko Nakao, Kazuhiko Moji, Sumihisa Honda and Kazuyo Oishi
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:1
  17. The relationship between poverty and human development touches on a central aim of the International Breastfeeding Journal's editorial policy which is to support and protect the health and wellbeing of all inf...

    Authors: Annette Beasley and Lisa H Amir
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2007 2:14
  18. Exclusive breastfeeding up to the completion of the sixth month of age is the national infant feeding recommendation for Sri Lanka. The objective of the present study was to collect data on exclusive breastfee...

    Authors: Suneth B Agampodi, Thilini C Agampodi and Udage Kankanamge D Piyaseeli
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2007 2:13
  19. Peer counselling is reported to increase breastfeeding rates. We evaluated an intervention consisting of mainly telephone contact peer counselling programme on breastfeeding duration and exclusivity.

    Authors: Esther HY Wong, EAS Nelson, Kai-Chow Choi, Kin-Ping Wong, Carmen Ip and Lau-Cheung Ho
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2007 2:12
  20. Medications used to augment lactation increase prolactin secretion but can have intolerable side effects. We examined the biological activity of recombinant human prolactin (r-hPRL) as preliminary data for its...

    Authors: Gabrielle Page-Wilson, Patricia C Smith and Corrine K Welt
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2007 2:10
  21. There are not many studies exploring parity differences in early lactation performance and the results obtained are fairly often contradictory. The present study investigated the effect of different maternity ...

    Authors: Ksenia Bystrova, Ann-Marie Widström, Ann-Sofi Matthiesen, Anna-Berit Ransjö-Arvidson, Barbara Welles-Nyström, Igor Vorontsov and Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2007 2:9
  22. Nipple pain and damage in breastfeeding mothers are common causes of premature breastfeeding cessation. Peppermint water is popularly used for the prevention of nipple cracks in the North West of Iran. The aim...

    Authors: Manizheh Sayyah Melli, Mohammad Reza Rashidi, Abbas Delazar, Elaheh Madarek, Mohammad Hassan Kargar Maher, Alieh Ghasemzadeh, Kamran Sadaghat and Zohreh Tahmasebi
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2007 2:7
  23. Research in the field of psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) has revealed that depression is associated with inflammation manifested by increased levels of proinflammatory cytokines.

    Authors: Kathleen Kendall-Tackett
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2007 2:6
  24. Women's perceptions of quality of care during episodes of breast inflammation have been scantily explored. It was the objective of the present study to describe a cohort of breastfeeding women with inflammator...

    Authors: Linda J Kvist, Marie Louise Hall-Lord and Bodil Wilde Larsson
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2007 2:2
  25. Weighing breastfed babies has been the subject of some controversy as the previous international growth chart was largely based on data from infants fed infant formula. The concern that professionals may be mi...

    Authors: Magda Sachs, Fiona Dykes and Bernie Carter
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:29
  26. The expression of breast milk allows a mother to be away intermittently from her infant while continuing to breastfeed. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between expression of breast mil...

    Authors: Nwet N Win, Colin W Binns, Yun Zhao, Jane A Scott and Wendy H Oddy
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:28
  27. The human right to adequate food needs to be interpreted for the special case of young children because they are vulnerable, others make the choices for them, and their diets are not diverse. There are many pu...

    Authors: George Kent
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:27
  28. Anecdotal reports suggest that the addition of fentanyl (an opioid) to epidural analgesia for women during childbirth results in difficulty establishing breastfeeding. The aim of this paper is to determine any...

    Authors: Siranda Torvaldsen, Christine L Roberts, Judy M Simpson, Jane F Thompson and David A Ellwood
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:24
  29. The protection, promotion and support of breastfeeding are now major public health priorities. It is well established that skilled support, voluntary or professional, proactively offered to women who want to b...

    Authors: Victoria Hall Moran, Fiona Dykes, Susan Burt and Christina Shuck
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:23
  30. There have been considerable changes in breastfeeding practices in China over the past forty years. However China is a very large country, and breastfeeding rates in different parts of China vary considerably....

    Authors: Fenglian Xu, Xiaoxian Liu, Colin W Binns, Cuiqin Xiao, Jing Wu and Andy H Lee
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:22
  31. Leptin, a hormone present in breast milk, is involved in energy regulation and metabolism. The objectives of this study were to assess leptin concentrations in breast milk during the first 180 days postpartum,...

    Authors: Yesim Ozarda Ilcol, Z Banu Hizli and Tanju Ozkan
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:21
  32. Assisting mothers to breastfeed is not easy when babies experience difficulties. In a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), nurses often help mothers by using hands-on-breast without their permission. Little is...

    Authors: Lena Weimers, Kristin Svensson, Louise Dumas, Lars Navér and Vivian Wahlberg
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:20
  33. Universal exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months could reduce infant mortality by 13%. Although 99% women initiate breastfeeding in Uganda, exclusive breastfeeding rates remain low. Although peer cou...

    Authors: Jolly Nankunda, James K Tumwine, Åshild Soltvedt, Nulu Semiyaga, Grace Ndeezi and Thorkild Tylleskär
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:19
  34. Despite high levels of breastfeeding initiation in Australia, only 47 percent of women are breastfeeding (exclusively or partially) six months later, with marked differences between social groups. It is import...

    Authors: Della A Forster, Helen L McLachlan and Judith Lumley
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:18

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