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  1. Initiation of breastfeeding can be difficult in a busy maternity centre with inadequate manpower and social support. This study aims to explore the role of psychosocial support offered by companions on breastf...

    Authors: Imran O Morhason-Bello, Babatunde O Adedokun and Oladosu A Ojengbede
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2009 4:16
  2. The ability to breastfeed and continue the practice requires dedication, commitment, persistence and support. Mothers often need to overcome many obstacles to successfully breastfeed their babies and maintain ...

    Authors: Jenny Tohotoa, Bruce Maycock, Yvonne L Hauck, Peter Howat, Sharyn Burns and Colin W Binns
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2009 4:15
  3. Accurate interpretation of reported breastfeeding rates is essential in understanding the true picture of a country's breastfeeding status. In Sri Lanka, where the reported exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) rate a...

    Authors: Suneth B Agampodi, Thilini C Agampodi and Avanthi de Silva
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2009 4:14
  4. This study aims to examine whether specific maternal breast variations (such as flat nipple, inverted nipple, large breast or/and large nipple) are barriers for weight gain in breastfed infants during the firs...

    Authors: Reza Vazirinejad, Shokoofeh Darakhshan, Abbas Esmaeili and Shiva Hadadian
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2009 4:13
  5. Milk ejection is essential for a successful lactation, however techniques to measure milk ejection in women are often complex and invasive. Recent research has demonstrated that at milk ejection, milk duct dia...

    Authors: Danielle K Prime, Donna T Geddes, Diane L Spatz, Marc Robert, Naomi J Trengove and Peter E Hartmann
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2009 4:10
  6. In 2001, the World Health Organisation (WHO) recommended exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life. The objectives of this study are to assess awareness of the WHO recommendation among first-tim...

    Authors: Li Ming Wen, Louise A Baur, Chris Rissel, Garth Alperstein and Judy M Simpson
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2009 4:9
  7. The need to promote breastfeeding is unquestionable for the health and development of infants. The aim of this study was to investigate prevalence, duration and promotion of breastfeeding status in Iran with r...

    Authors: Beheshteh Olang, Khalil Farivar, Abtin Heidarzadeh, Birgitta Strandvik and Agneta Yngve
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2009 4:8
  8. It is known that the fat content of breast milk is higher in hindmilk than in foremilk. However, it has not been determined if this increased fat content results from an increase in the number of milk fat glob...

    Authors: Katsumi Mizuno, Yoshiko Nishida, Motohiro Taki, Masahiko Murase, Yoshiharu Mukai, Kazuo Itabashi, Kazuhiro Debari and Ai Iiyama
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2009 4:7
  9. This review aims to describe changes in breastfeeding and summarise the breastfeeding rates, duration and reasons of discontinuing 'any breastfeeding' or 'exclusive breastfeeding' in P.R. China. Breastfeeding ...

    Authors: Fenglian Xu, Liqian Qiu, Colin W Binns and Xiaoxian Liu
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2009 4:6
  10. Accurately targeting the nutritional needs of the early preterm infant is challenging when human milk is used due to the natural variation in energy composition. The purpose of this study was to develop and ev...

    Authors: Charles Czank, Karen Simmer and Peter E Hartmann
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2009 4:3
  11. Rates of exclusive breastfeeding in China are relatively low and below national targets. The aim of this study was to document the factors that influence exclusive breastfeeding initiation in Zhejiang, PR China.

    Authors: Liqian Qiu, Yun Zhao, Colin W Binns, Andy H Lee and Xing Xie
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2009 4:1
  12. Breast milk is considered the optimal nutrition for all newborn infants. While there is high initiation of lactation among mothers of preterm infants in Australia, there is a rapid decline of continued lactati...

    Authors: Linda Sweet
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:30
  13. Various studies have identified risk factors associated with decreased breastfeeding duration. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is an association between oral contraceptive (OC) use befor...

    Authors: Nelís Soto-Ramírez and Wilfried Karmaus
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:29
  14. In developing countries, infectious diseases such as diarrhoea and acute respiratory infections are the main cause of mortality and morbidity in infants aged less than one year. The importance of exclusive bre...

    Authors: Seema Mihrshahi, Wendy H Oddy, Jennifer K Peat and Iqbal Kabir
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:28
  15. Although previous studies have demonstrated beneficial breastfeeding outcomes when cup feeding rather than bottle feeding was used for feeding preterm infants, cup feeding has not been implemented in Egypt. Th...

    Authors: Amel M Abouelfettoh, Donna A Dowling, Soheir A Dabash, Shadia R Elguindy and Iman A Seoud
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:27
  16. Appropriate feeding practices are of fundamental importance for the survival, growth, development and health of infants and young children. The aim of the present study was to collect baseline information on c...

    Authors: Eli Fjeld, Seter Siziya, Mary Katepa-Bwalya, Chipepo Kankasa, Karen Marie Moland and Thorkild Tylleskär
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:26
  17. Workplace accommodations for breastfeeding mothers are an important step towards achieving United States Healthy People 2010 goals for continued breastfeeding. However, evidence suggests that some employers wi...

    Authors: Kathryn Suyes, Sheryl W Abrahams and Miriam H Labbok
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:25
  18. National legislation in Pakistan adopted the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes in 2002 to restrict the promotion of infant formula feeding. Our objectives were to assess health professi...

    Authors: Mihretab Salasibew, Ayyaz Kiani, Brian Faragher and Paul Garner
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:24
  19. Recent reviews and meta-analyses conclude that breastfeeding constitutes a small but consistent protective effect against obesity or higher values of body mass index (BMI) in children, though in some studies t...

    Authors: Andrej M Grjibovski, Bettina Ehrenblad and Agneta Yngve
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:23
  20. Lactational mastitis is a painful, debilitating condition that if inappropriately managed, may lead women to discontinue breastfeeding prematurely. The aim of this paper is to report the incidence of mastitis ...

    Authors: Jane A Scott, Michele Robertson, Julie Fitzpatrick, Christopher Knight and Sally Mulholland
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:21
  21. There is limited evidence on the use of the Snoezelen concept for maternity clients. Snoezelen, a Dutch concept, initiated in the 1970s as a leisure activity for severely disabled people, involves creating an ...

    Authors: Yvonne L Hauck, Lisa Summers, Ellie White and Cheryl Jones
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:20
  22. The expression of human milk for later use is on the rise. Bottle systems are used to deliver the expressed milk. Research has shown that storage of both human milk and artificial baby milk, or infant formula,...

    Authors: Jimi Francis, Kristy Rogers, Paul Brewer, Darby Dickton and Ron Pardini
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:19
  23. Women gain total body weight and accrue body fat during pregnancy. Breastfeeding has been suggested as an efficient means of promoting postpartum weight loss due to its high energy cost. We investigated the ef...

    Authors: Irene E Hatsu, Dawn M McDougald and Alex K Anderson
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:18
  24. Many women experience breastfeeding difficulties. Sometimes these difficulties lead to breastfeeding cessation. Breastfeeding clinics provide support for women facing such problems. This study aims to describe...

    Authors: Caroline Lamontagne, Anne-Marie Hamelin and Monik St-Pierre
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:17
  25. The mass media have the potential to be powerful friends or foes in promoting breastfeeding. The media could help by putting the issue of breastfeeding on policy agendas and by framing breastfeeding as healthy...

    Authors: Jane D Brown and Sheila Rose Peuchaud
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:15
  26. Infant feeding occurs in the context of continued gender inequities and in the context of a feminist movement that left women vulnerable to a system that defined the male body and mind as the norm. This paper ...

    Authors: Paige Hall Smith
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:12
  27. The American focus on the sexual purpose of breasts, rather than the physiological function of breasts, has serious public health consequences. Discomfort with breastfeeding in public lowers breastfeeding rate...

    Authors: Jacqueline H Wolf
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:11
  28. This paper identifies how the different ideologies of patriarchy, technology, capitalism, race and feminism shape how we see breastfeeding and the breastfeeding mother with child. Ultimately, while we can make...

    Authors: Barbara Katz Rothman
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:9
  29. There are few reliable and valid tools to assess lactation and infant feeding knowledge and practices. This study tested the psychometric properties of two new scales, the Newborn Feeding Ability (NFA) questio...

    Authors: Debra K Creedy, Ruth M Cantrill and Marie Cooke
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:7
  30. The role of bacterial pathogens in lactational mastitis remains unclear. The objective of this study was to compare bacterial species in breast milk of women with mastitis and of healthy breast milk donors and...

    Authors: Linda J Kvist, Bodil Wilde Larsson, Marie Louise Hall-Lord, Anita Steen and Claes Schalén
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:6
  31. Antenatal counseling on breastfeeding and postnatal lactation support are likely to improve rates of exclusive breastfeeding. This descriptive study was undertaken to assess whether antenatal visits were utili...

    Authors: Gunasekaran Dhandapany, Adhisivam Bethou, Arulkumaran Arunagirinathan and Shanthi Ananthakrishnan
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:5
  32. Breastfeeding is the basis for appropriate nutrition for infants and is strongly supported by the Ministry of Health in China. However, there are differences in infant feeding practices in different areas of t...

    Authors: Liqian Qiu, Yun Zhao, Colin W Binns, Andy H Lee and Xing Xie
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:4
  33. The proportion of mothers in Japan who breastfeed exclusively has been low since the 1970s. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the time of first breastfeed after birth and the pro...

    Authors: Yuko Nakao, Kazuhiko Moji, Sumihisa Honda and Kazuyo Oishi
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2008 3:1
  34. The relationship between poverty and human development touches on a central aim of the International Breastfeeding Journal's editorial policy which is to support and protect the health and wellbeing of all inf...

    Authors: Annette Beasley and Lisa H Amir
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2007 2:14
  35. Exclusive breastfeeding up to the completion of the sixth month of age is the national infant feeding recommendation for Sri Lanka. The objective of the present study was to collect data on exclusive breastfee...

    Authors: Suneth B Agampodi, Thilini C Agampodi and Udage Kankanamge D Piyaseeli
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2007 2:13
  36. Peer counselling is reported to increase breastfeeding rates. We evaluated an intervention consisting of mainly telephone contact peer counselling programme on breastfeeding duration and exclusivity.

    Authors: Esther HY Wong, EAS Nelson, Kai-Chow Choi, Kin-Ping Wong, Carmen Ip and Lau-Cheung Ho
    Citation: International Breastfeeding Journal 2007 2:12

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