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Table 4 Association between sociodemographic variables with timely breastfeeding initiation stratified by residence (N = 2729)

From: Association between place of birth and timely breastfeeding initiation among Cambodian women: a population-based study

  Urban (n = 725)   Rural (n = 2004)  
AOR (95% CI) P AOR (95% CI) P
Mother's age
 15–24 Reference   Reference  
 24–34 0.69 (0.37, 1.29) 0.243 0.83 (0.62, 1.09) 0.191
 35–49 1.29 (0.50, 3.34) 0.588 1.14 (0.72, 1.79) 0.586
Mother's education
 None Reference   Reference  
 Primary 0.87 (0.27, 2.86) 0.819 1.34 (0.94, 1.92) 0.108
 Secondary or above 0.64 (0.18, 2.26) 0.484 1.18 (0.79, 1.75) 0.413
Marital status
 Married/living together Reference   Reference  
 Not married 0.37 (0.14, 0.98) 0.045 0.64 (0.36, 1.16) 0.144
Parity
 Primiparous Reference   Reference  
 Multiparous 1.05 (0.59, 1.84) 0.872 1.43 (1.07, 1.91) 0.015
Child’s sex
 Male Reference   Reference  
 Female 1.36 (0.85, 2.16) 0.200 1.24 (0.98, 1.57) 0.074
Household wealth index
 Poor Reference   Reference  
 Middle 3.64 (1.11, 11.94) 0.033 1.43 (1.04, 1.98) 0.029
 Rich 1.92 (0.75, 4.89) 0.173 1.26 (0.89, 1.76) 0.186
Employment
 No Reference   Reference  
 Yes 0.97 (0.65, 1.43) 0.868 0.76 (0.59, 0.97) 0.024
Health insurance
 No Reference   Reference  
 Yes 1.10 (0.55, 2.20) 0.781 1.04 (0.71,1.51) 0.858
Antenatal visits during pregnancy
 None Reference   Reference  
 1 to 3 7.58 (1.74, 32.9) 0.007 0.83 (0.46, 1.49) 0.526
 4 or more 8.09 (2.27, 28.9) 0.001 0.84 (0.48, 1.47) 0.529
Cesarean birth
 No Reference   Reference  
 Yes 0.10 (0.05, 0.19)  < .001 0.31 (0.18, 0.54)  < .001
Type of birth attendant
 Doctor Reference   Reference  
 Nurse/Midwife 0.97 (0.55, 0.19) 0.943 1.09 (0.75, 1.57) 0.657
 TBA/other 9.03 (1.39, 58.8) 0.021 0.67 (0.29, 1.51) 0.336
Prelacteal feeds
 No Reference   Reference  
 Yes 0.28 (0.19, 0.42)  < .001 0.49 (0.37, 0.65)  < .001
Place of birth
 Public Reference   Reference  
 Private 0.52 (0.36, 0.75) 0.001 0.88 (0.61, 1.29) 0.517
 Home 0.37 (0.09, 1.63) 0.188 0.55 (0.31, 0.97) 0.039
  1. Abbreviations: AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval