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Table 3 Association between sociodemographic variables with timely breastfeeding initiation stratified by household wealth index (N = 2729)

From: Association between place of birth and timely breastfeeding initiation among Cambodian women: a population-based study

  Poor (n = 1166)   Middle (n = 431)   Rich (n = 1132)  
AOR (95% CI) P AOR (95% CI) P AOR (95% CI) P
Mother's age
 15–24 Reference   Reference   Reference  
 24–34 0.86 (0.58, 1.27) 0.439 0.82 (0.44, 1.52) 0.519 0.71 (0.44, 1.13) 0.147
 35–49 0.95 (0.56, 1.63) 0.853 1.85 (0.56, 6.09) 0.311 1.43 (0.62, 3.31) 0.402
Mother's education
 None Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Primary 1.26 (0.83, 1.92) 0.285 0.86 (0.33,2.21) 0.749 2.59 (0.77,8.79) 0.125
 Secondary or above 1.39 (0.83, 2.33) 0.209 0.81 (0.29, 2.23) 0.686 1.69 (0.51, 5.64) 0.391
Marital status
 Married/living together Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Not married 0.53 (0.26,1.06) 0.073 0.88 (0.23, 3.36) 0.854 0.46 (0.22, 0.96) 0.146
Parity
 Primiparous Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Multiparous 1.44 (0.97, 2.15) 0.073 1.42 (0.73, 2.76) 0.296 1.25 (0.81, 1.94) 0.314
Child’s sex
 Male Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Female 1.29 (0.93, 1.79) 0.126 1.48 (0.92, 2.40) 0.107 1.09 (0.78, 1.51) 0.625
Residence
 Urban Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Rural 1.10 (0.45, 2.67) 0.833 0.63 (0.24, 1.66) 0.349 1.26 (0.91, 1.73) 0.161
Employment
 No Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Yes 0.73 (0.53, 1.00) 0.052 0.83 (0.48, 1.45) 0.515 0.79 (0.57, 1.11) 0.169
Health insurance
 No Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Yes 1.02 (0.63, 1.64) 0.944 0.99 (0.42, 2.33) 0.99 1.26 (0.71, 2.25) 0.429
Antenatal visits during pregnancy
 None Reference   Reference   Reference  
 1 to 3 0.96 (0.52, 1.79) 0.896 0.44 (0.07, 2.92) 0.397 1.96 (0.45, 8.57) 0.370
 4 or more 0.98 (0.53, 1.81) 0.952 0.47 (0.08, 2.63) 0.385 1.69 (0.44, 6.54) 0.446
Cesarean birth
 No Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Yes 0.35 (0.13, 0.95) 0.039 0.13 (0.03, 0.50) 0.003 0.26 (0.15, 0.47)  < .001
Type of birth attendant
 Doctor Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Nurse/Midwife 1.09 (0.49, 2.42) 0.822 0.90 (0.36, 2.26) 0.828 1.04 (0.68, 1.61) 0.850
 TBA/other 0.87 (0.27, 2.74) 0.805 0.94 (0.07, 12.55) 0.962 1.07 (0.18, 6.27) 0.939
Prelacteal feeds
 No Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Yes 0.39 (0.25, 0.59)  < .001 0.48 (0.26, 0.88) 0.018 0.51 (0.35, 0.72)  < 0.001
Place of birth
 Public Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Private 0.79 (0.38, 1.60) 0.505 0.67 (0.29, 1.56) 0.351 0.86 (0.61, 1.20) 0.376
Home 0.43 (0.21, 0.88) 0.020 0.33 (0.05, 1.97) 0.219 1.59 (0.61, 4.15) 0.347
  1. Abbreviations: AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval