Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of the study sample by timely breastfeeding initiation (N = 2729)

From: Association between place of birth and timely breastfeeding initiation among Cambodian women: a population-based study

  Timely Breastfeeding Initiation   
No n(Wt. %) Yes n(Wt.%) P Unadjusted OR (95% CI) P
Mother's age    0.326   
15–24 370 (33.4) 650 (66.6)   Reference  
24–34 535 (36.5) 889 (63.5)   0.87 (0.69, 1.10) 0.258
35–49 107 (31.6) 178 (68.4)   1.09 (0.77, 1.55) 0.641
Mother's education    0.004   
None 159 (39.5) 188 (60.5)   Reference  
Primary 430 (30.8) 866 (69.2)   1.47 (1.06, 2.03) 0.021
Secondary or above 423 (38.7) 663 (61.3)   1.03 (0.75, 1.43) 0.837
Marital status    0.031   
Married/living with partner 965 (34.3) 1662 (65.7)   Reference  
Not married 47 (47.9) 55 (52.0)   0.57 (0.33, 0.96) 0.034
Household wealth index    0.006   
Poor 440 (35.2) 726 (64.8)   Reference  
Middle 137 (27.4) 294 (72.6)   1.44 (1.07, 1.94) 0.016
Rich 435 (38.2) 697 (61.8)   0.88 (0.69, 1.12) 0.297
Parity    0.005   
Primiparous 451 (38.7) 672 (61.3)   Reference  
Multiparous 561 (32.0) 1045 (67.9)   1.34 (1.09, 1.65) 0.006
Child’s sex    0.108   
Male 524 (36.6) 848 (63.4)   Reference  
Female 488 (32.9) 869 (67.1)   1.18 (0.96, 1.45) 0.109
Residence     < .001   
Urban 278 (44.8) 447 (55.2)   Reference  
Rural 734 (33.2) 1270 (66.7)   1.63 (1.27, 2.09) 0.0001
Employment    0.004   
No 374 (31.1) 767 (68.8)   Reference  
Yes 638 (37.7) 950 (62.3)   0.75 (0.61, 0.91) 0.004
Health insurance    0.305   
No 869 (35.4) 1440 (64.6)   Reference  
Yes 143 (31.6) 277 (68.4)   1.19 (0.85, 1.65) 0.309
Antenatal visits during pregnancy   0.327   
None 71 (42.7) 58 (57.3)   Reference  
1 to 3 214 (36.3) 353 (63.7)   1.31 (0.76, 2.26) 0.337
4 or more 727 (33.9) 1306 (66.0)   1.45 (0.88, 2.39) 0.148
Cesarean birth     < .001   
No 866 (31.9) 1655 (68.1)   Reference  
Yes 146 (71.2) 62 (28.8)   0.19 (0.13, 0.29)  < .001
Type of birth attendant     < .001   
Doctor 244 (50.2) 216 (49.8)   Reference  
Nurse/Midwife 731 (32.3) 1389 (67.7)   2.22 (1.76, 2.79)  < .001
TBA/other 153 (55.2) 112 (44.8)   0.86 (0.54, 1.37) 0.528
Prelacteal feeds     < .001   
No 656 (28.4) 1412 (71.6)   Reference  
Yes 356 (51.8) 305 (48.2)   0.37 (0.29, 0.47)  < .001
Place of birth     < .001   
Public 643 (29.9) 1342 (70.1)   Reference  
Private 188 (46.5) 208 (53.5)   0.49 (0.38, 0.64)  < .001
Home 181 (49.5) 167 (50.5)   0.44 (0.31, 0.61)  < .001
  1. P-values are derived from Rao-Scott Chi-square test