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Table 4 Estimations of structural equation model on mediation effect of exclusive breastfeeding at 4 months between CD and children’s autism-like behaviours at 18 months (n = 2864)

From: Impact of caesarean delivery on children’s autism-like behaviours: the mediation of exclusive breastfeeding

Variables Unstandardized estimations Standardized estimations p values
maternal age -- parity 0.03 0.39 < 0.01
parity-- previous adverse pregnancy outcome 0.15 0.09 < 0.01
maternal age -- previous adverse pregnancy outcome 0.02 0.11 < 0.01
maternal age -- pre-pregnancy BMI 0.03 0.08 < 0.01
maternal age -- pregnant complications 0.00 0.04 0.03
pre-pregnancy BMI-- pregnant complications 0.00 0.05 < 0.01
previous adverse pregnancy outcome -- pregnant complications 0.03 0.06 < 0.01
maternal age --complications during childbirth 0.00 0.02 0.29
pregnant complications -- caesarean delivery 0.13 0.06 < 0.01
parity--caesarean delivery 0.07 0.03 0.02
pre-pregnancy BMI -- mode of delivery 0.03 0.04 0.02
complications during childbirth-- caesarean delivery 0.03 0.07 < 0.01
previous adverse pregnancy outcome --caesarean delivery 0.08 0.08 0.14
caesarean delivery -- exclusive breastfeeding at 4 months − 0.03 − 0.04 0.02
caesarean delivery -- children’s autism-like behaviours 0.00 0.00 0.91
exclusive breastfeeding at 4 months -- children’s autism-like behaviours − 0.04 − 0.05 < 0.01
pre-pregnancy BMI -- children’s autism-like behaviours 0.01 0.01 0.36
complications during childbirth -- children’s autism-like behaviours −0.02 − 0.03 0.84
pregnant complications -- children’s autism-like behaviours −0.01 −0.01 0.59