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Table 2 Breastfeeding parameters among women with different delivery modes [(n, %)]

From: Impact of caesarean delivery on children’s autism-like behaviours: the mediation of exclusive breastfeeding

Breastfeeding parameters n Delivery modes df χ2 value p value
Vaginal delivery Caesarean delivery
Initiation of breastfeeding      170.25a < 0.01
 Within 30 minutes after delivery 1010 649/40.97 361/23.94 1   
 Within 1 hour after delivery 328 177/11.17 151/10.01    
 Within 2 hours after delivery 186 133/8.40 53/3.51    
 Within 3 hours after delivery 103 63/3.98 40/2.65    
 Within the day of delivery 704 290/18.31 414/27.45    
 Within longer time 761 272/17.17 489/32.43    
Onset of lactogenesis     1 81.67a < 0.01
 In the delivery room 330 241/15.21 89/5.89    
 Within the day of delivery 685 378/23.86 307/20.33    
 Within the first day after delivery 385 209/13.19 176/11.66    
 Within the second day after delivery 682 327/20.64 355/23.51    
 Within the third day after delivery 737 301/19.00 436/28.87    
 Within longer time 275 128/8.08 147/9.74    
Exclusive breastfeeding at 4 months     1 5.90 0.02
 Yes 1348 721/47.12 627/42.71    
 No 1650 809/52.88 841/57.29    
Exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months     1 0.20 0.67
 Yes 305 152/9.93 153/10.42    
 No 2693 1378/90.07 1315/89.58    
  1. alinear-by-linear association