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Table 2 Identified medical problems by feeding type from thirteen participating pediatric Emergency Services in Majorca, Spain, between August and December 2020

From: Does breastfeeding protect children from COVID-19? An observational study from pediatric services in Majorca, Spain

Clinical or laboratory features No breastfeeding Any breastfeeding P value OR (95%CI)
Number (%) 220 (32%) 471 (68%)   
Presenting Symptoms
 Fever 86 (39.1%) 184 (39.1%) 0.995 1.00 (0.72, 1.38)
 Asthenia 20 (9.1%) 48 (10.2%) 0.651 0.88 (0.50, 1.52)
 Dyspnea 9 (4.1%) 33 (7.0%) 0.069 0.50 (0.23, 1.05)
 Coughing 64 (29.1%) 133 (28.2%) 0.817 1.04 (0.73, 1.48)
 Sore throat 30 (13.6%) 70 (14.9%) 0.669 0.90 (0.57, 1.43)
 Ear ache 14 (6.4%) 19 (4.0%) 0.184 1.61 (0.79, 3.28)
 Abdominal pain 28 (12.7%) 48 (10.2%) 0.321 1.28 (0.78, 2.11)
 Diarrhoea 25 (11.4%) 40 (8.5%) 0.230 1.38 (0.81, 2.34)
Diagnosis
 Acute pharyngitis 9 (4.1%) 20 (4.2%) 0.924 0.96 (0.43, 2.14)
 Acute otitis media 20 (9.1%) 22 (4.7%) 0.026* 2.04 (1.08, 3.82)
 Laryngitis 3 (1.4%) 7 (1.5%) 0.900 0.91 (0.23, 3.57)
 Asthma 8 (3.6%) 27 (5.7%) 0.245 0.62 (0.27, 1.38)
 Acute gastroenteritis 20 (9.1%) 31 (6.6%) 0.241 1.41 (0.78, 2.55)
 Acute appendicitis 0 (0%) 2 (0.4%)   
 Seizures 1 (0.5%) 4 (0.8%) 0.332 0.23 (0.01, 4.39)
 Headache 8 (3.6%) 4 (0.8%) 0.016* 4.40 (1.31, 14.79)
 Febrile syndrome 22 (10%) 37 (7.9%) 0.348 1.30 (0.74, 2.26)
 Fracture 1 (0.5%) 7 (1.5%) 0.265 0.302 (0.03, 2.47)
 Dermatitis 4 (1.8%) 13 (2.8%) 0.459 0.65 (0.21, 2.02)
 Rash 2 (0.9%) 6 (1.3%) 0.677 0.71 (0.14, 3.55)
 Symptomatic patients 203 (92.3%) 431 (91.5%) 0.73 0.90 (049, 1.63)
Positive results of SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR tests
 From symptomatic and asymptomatic patients 8 (3.6%) 8 (1.6%) 0.056 2.18 (1.19, 3.17)
 From symptomatic patients 8 (3.9%) 7 (1.6%) 0.036* 2.48 (1.45, 3.51)
  1. Abbreviations: * ≤ 0.05; CI Confidence interval, OR Odds ratio, RT-PCR Real-time polymerase chain reaction, SARS-CoV-2 Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2