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Table 1 Baseline and demographic characteristics of patients from thirteen participating pediatric Emergency Services in Majorca, Spain, between August and December 2020

From: Does breastfeeding protect children from COVID-19? An observational study from pediatric services in Majorca, Spain

Variables No breastfeeding Any breastfeeding P value
Number (%) 220 (32%) 471 (68%)  
Children’s characteristics
 Age (months) 67.2 ± 51.7 69.3 ± 54.3 0.611
 Female/male gender 97/123 211/260 0.862
 Height (cm) 120.9 ± 28.9 116.8 ± 33.9 0.515
 Weight (kg) 24.0 ± 15.9 23.6 ± 16.1 0.762
Body mass indexa (kg/m2)
 underweight 0 (0%) 8 (8.3%)  
 healthy weight 24 (65%) 50 (52%)  
 overweight 5 (13.5%) 27 (28%)  
 obese 8 (21.5%) 11 (11.7%) 0.042*
Known comorbidities 46 (20.4%) 88 (18.7%) 0.535
Household
 Number of bedrooms in the house 2.75 ± 0.74 2.62 ± 0.75 0.032*
 Children under 5 in the household 0.78 ± 0.72 0.80 ± 0.69 0.742
 Children under 10 in the household 1.30 ± 0.95 0.97 ± 0.84 < 0.0001***
 Children under 15 in the household 2.25 ± 1.53 1.61 ± 1.31 < 0.0001***
Healthcare facility
 Private pediatric settings 77 (38.5%) 139 (30.1%)  
 Public pediatric settings 123 (61.5%) 322 (69.9%) 0.011*
 Urban pediatric settings 186 (84.5%) 384 (81.5%)  
 Rural pediatric settings 34 (14.5%) 87 (18.5%) 0.331
  1. Values are presented as number (%) or means ± standard deviations
  2. aaccording to the Centers of Disease Control percentiles
  3. * ≤ 0.05; *** < 0.0001