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Table 2 Sociodemographic characteristics of respondents and their children

From: Prelacteal feeding practice and its associated factors among mothers having children less than 2 years of age in East Africa: a multilevel analysis of the recent demographic and health surveys

Variables Unweighted frequency (N = 33,056) Percentage (%) Weighted frequency
(N = 33,423)
Percentage (%)
Country
 Burundi 2504 7.58 2579 7.72
 Ethiopia 3821 11.56 4050 12.12
 Kenya 3659 11.07 3386 10.13
 Comoros 1088 3.29 1129 3.38
 Madagascar 2326 7.04 2374 7.10
 Malawi 2141 6.48 2131 6.37
 Mozambique 4247 12.83 4549 13.61
 Rwanda 1481 4.48 1507 4.51
 Tanzania 4002 12.11 3956 11.84
 Uganda 1847 5.59 1807 5.41
 Zambia 3757 11.37 3691 11.04
 Zimbabwe 2183 6.60 2264 6.77
Maternal age (years)
 15–19 3657 11.06 3734 11.17
 20–24 8864 26.82 8824 26.40
 25–29 8371 25.32 8522 25.50
 30–34 6218 18.81 6299 18.85
 35–39 4037 12.21 4104 12.28
 40–44 1595 4.83 1610 4.82
 45–49 314 0.95 330 0.99
Educational level
 No education 8456 25.58 8467 25.33
 Primary 16,222 49.07 16,831 50.36
 Sec & above 8378 25.34 8125 24.31
Maternal occupation
 Working 20,829 63.01 21,449 64.17
 Not working 12,227 36.99 11,974 35.83
Wealth index
 Poor 15,441 46.71 15,316 45.83
 Middle 6047 18.29 6536 19.56
 Rich 11,568 35.00 11,571 34.62
Sex of child
 Male 16,522 49.98 16,743 50.09
 Female 16,534 50.02 16,680 49.91
Multiple birth
 No 32,578 98.55 32,963 98.62
 Yes 478 1.45 460 1.38
Breastfeeding initiation
 Within 1 h 26,642 80.60 26,963 80.67
 After 1 h 6414 19.40 6460 19.33
Media exposure
 No 12,167 36.81 12,071 36.12
 Yes 20,889 63.19 21,352 63.88
Parity
 Primiparous 6876 20.18 7021 21.01
 Multiparous 16,693 50.50 16,812 50.30
 Grand multiparous 9487 28.70 9590 28.69
ANC visits
 No 2449 7.41 2678 8.01
 One & two 4284 12.96 4378 13.10
 Three 8976 27.15 9074 27.15
 Four & above 17,347 52.48 17,293 51.74
Place of delivery
 Home 9056 27.40 9072 27.14
 Health facility 24,000 72.60 24,351 72.86
Cesarean delivery
 Yes 1966 5.95 1951 5.84
 No 31,090 94.05 31,472 94.16
Size of the child at birth
 Small 5569 16.85 5522 16.52
 Large 9837 29.76 10,217 30.57
 Average 17,650 53.39 17,684 52.91
Distance from the health facility
 Big problem 13,998 42.35 14,769 44.19
 Not a big problem 19,058 57.65 18,654 55.81
Residence
 Urban 8318 25.16 7610 22.77
 Rural 24,738 74.84 25,813 77.23
Community-level women education
 Low 16,565 50.51 17,369 51.97
 High 16,491 49.89 16,054 48.03
Community poverty leve
 Low 16,272 49.23 17,208 51.48
 High 16,784 50.77 16,215 48.52
Community-level of ANC utilization
 High 7392 22.36 7044 21.08
 Low 11,312 34.22 12,258 36.67
 Middle 14,352 43.42 14,121 42.25
Community-level media exposure
 Low 16,255 49.17 16,047 48.01
 High 16,801 50.83 17,376 51.99
  1. Note: ANC Antenatal Care, sec Secondary