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Table 3 Participants’ scores on the 26-item Arabic MBFES and its subscales by type of infant feeding at 1 and 3 months

From: Validation of the Arabic Maternal Breastfeeding Evaluation Scale (MBFES-A) among Lebanese women

Scale/Subscale EBF
n = 172
Mean (SD)
Mixed Feeding
n = 146
Mean (SD)
Formula milk
n = 127
Mean (SD)
ap Value
At 1 month
 26-item MBFES-A 108.1 (9.7) 103.8 (12.1) 91.2 (17.8) < 0.001
 Infant Satisfaction/Growth 40.3 (3.6) 37.3 (5.4) 30.9 (7.9) < 0.001
 Maternal Enjoyment/Role Attainment 49.0 (4.7) 47.6 (5.5) 41.9 (8.8) < 0.001
 Lifestyle/Body Image 18.9 (4.5) 18.9 (4.7) 18.5 (5.2) 0.861
At 3 months
 26-item MBFES-A 108.8 (9.3) 105.7 (10.6) 97.4 (16.0) < 0.001
 Infant Satisfaction/Growth 40.3 (3.4) 39.0 (4.3) 33.9 (7.4) < 0.001
 Maternal Enjoyment/Role Attainment 49.3 (4.5) 48.3 (4.7) 44.6 (7.7) < 0.001
 Lifestyle/Body Image 19.2 (4.4) 18.4 (4.8) 18.9 (4.8) 0.341
  1. aANOVA, SD = standard deviation, MBFES-A = Arabic Maternal Breastfeeding Evaluation Scale, EBF = exclusive breastfeeding