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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and breastfeeding outcomes (N = 485)

From: Validation of the Arabic Maternal Breastfeeding Evaluation Scale (MBFES-A) among Lebanese women

Continuous Variables, normal distribution Mean (SD)
Age (Years) 31.1 (4.9)
Gestation (Completed weeks) 38.4 (1.3)
Infant’s birth weight (Grams) 3265.6 (405.1)
BFK-A score 12.5 (2.0)
IIFAS-A score 67.0 (7.2)
Continuous Variables, skewed distribution Median (IQR)
 Number of children 1 (0, 1)
  Range 0–5
 †Number of breastfed children 1 (1, 2)
  Range 0–5
 †Longest duration of previous EBF (months) 3 (0.0, 11.8)
  Range 0.0–29.0
 †Longest duration of any previous BF (months) 1.0 (0.0–5.0)
  Range 0.0–30.0
Categorical Variables n (%)
 Primiparous 218 (44.9)
 Cesarean delivery 201 (41.4)
 Male infant 231 (47.6)
 Education
   < University 64 (13.2)
   ≥ University 421 (86.8)
 Employed 293 (60.4%)
  Full-time 246 (84.0)
  Can leave work to BF 99 (33.8)
  Can pump at work 243 (82.9)
 ‡Monthly income ($)
   ≤ 1000 63 (13.2)
  1001- < 5000 304 (63.7)
   ≥ 5000 110 (23.1)
Has support at home 470 (96.9%)
Infant nutrition at 2 weeks
  EBF 248 (53.8)
  Mixed feeding 183 (39.7)
  Artificial milk 30 (6.5)
Infant nutrition at 1 month
  EBF 216 (48.0)
  Mixed feeding 183 (40.7)
  Artificial milk 51 (11.3)
Infant nutrition at 3 months
  EBF 172 (38.4)
  Mixed feeding 147 (32.8)
  Artificial milk 129 (28.8)
  1. EBF = exclusive breastfeeding; BF = breastfeeding; †For multiparous participants; ‡Missing values: longest duration of EBF = 23, longest duration of any BF = 23, monthly income = 8, infant nutrition at 2 weeks = 24, infant nutrition at 1 month = 35, infant nutrition at 3 months = 37