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Table 4 Recommended shortened forms of IIFAS in different cultures based on the literature and this study

From: Psychometric properties of the original and short Hungarian version of the Iowa infant feeding attitude scale

  Canadian Iranian Spanish Hungarian (11 items) Hungarian (9 items)
1.* The nutritional benefits of breast milk last only until the baby is weaned from breast milk. yes no no no no
2.* Formula-feeding is more convenient than breastfeeding. yes yes yes yes yes
3. Breastfeeding increases mother-infant bonding. yes yes yes yes yes
4.* Breast milk is lacking in iron. no no no no no
5. Formula-fed babies are more likely to be overfed than are breastfed babies. yes no no yes yes
6.* Formula-feeding is the better choice if a mother plans to work outside the home. yes yes yes yes yes
7. Mothers who formula-feed miss one of the great joys of motherhood. yes yes yes yes yes
8. Women should not breastfeed in public places such as restaurants. yes no no yes no
9. Babies fed breast milk are healthier than babies who are fed formula. yes yes yes yes yes
10.* Breastfed babies are more likely to be overfed than formula-fed babies. yes no no yes no
11.* Fathers feel left out if a mother breastfeeds. no yes no no no
12. Breast milk is the ideal food for babies. yes yes yes no no
13. Breast milk is more easily digested than formula. yes yes yes yes yes
14.* Formula is as healthy for an infant as breast milk. yes yes yes yes yes
15. Breastfeeding is more convenient than formula-feeding. yes yes yes yes yes
16. Breast milk is less expensive than formula. no yes no no no
17.* A mother who occasionally drinks alcohol should not breastfeed her baby. no no no no no
  1. *Items marked with asterisks are reverse-scored to show a positive attitude toward breastfeeding
  2. Only items marked with ‘yes’ are part of the given shortened scale
  3. Items marked with ‘no’ are not part of the given shortened version
  4. Bold: the 8 items of the recommended IIFAS-H8