Skip to main content

Table 2 Distribution of timely initiation of breastfeeding in SSA by explanatory variables (Weighted, N = 60,038)

From: Maternal and child factors associated with timely initiation of breastfeeding in sub-Saharan Africa

Variables Weighted N Weighted % Timely initiation of breastfeeding P - value
Mother's age     90.4 (< 0.001)
 15–19 6122 10.2 50.6  
 20–24 14,954 24.9 55.4  
 25–29 16,200 27.0 57.1  
 30–34 11,723 19.5 57.1  
 35–39 7439 12.4 56.6  
 40–44 2953 4.9 56.7  
 45–49 647 1.1 57.8  
Marital status     16.5 (0.002)
 Never married 3745 6.2 55.8  
 Married 443,388 73.9 56.3  
 Cohabiting 8670 14.4 54.0  
 Widowed 539 0.9 58.4  
 Divorced 2695 4.5 56.2  
Mother’s educational level     163.6 (< 0.001)
 No education 25,399 42.3 53.1  
 Primary 21,283 35.5 59.0  
 Secondary+ 13,355 24.2 56.6  
Employment status     24.5 (< 0.001)
 Not working 20,958 34.9 57.3  
 Working 39,080 65.1 55.2  
Place of residence     1.7 (0.196)
 Urban 15,854 26.4 55.5  
 Rural 44,184 73.6 56.1  
Wealth quintile     52.5 (< 0.001)
 Poorest 14,547 24.2 54.3  
 Poorer 13,394 22.3 55.0  
 Middle 12,079 20.1 56.3  
 Richer 10,949 18.2 56.9  
 Richest 9069 15.11 58.7  
Frequency of reading newspaper     27.8 (< 0.001)
 Not at all 51,638 86.0 55.5  
 Less than once a week 5206 8.7 59.3  
 At least once a week 3194 5.3 57.1  
Frequency of listening to radio     22.5 (< 0.001)
 Not at all 26,982 44.9 55.3  
 Less than once a week 12,055 20.1 55.1  
 At least once a week 21,000 35.0 57.3  
Frequency of watching television     26.8 (< 0.001)
 Not at all 41,527 69.2 56.6  
 Less than once a week 7202 12.0 54.5  
 At least once a week 11,309 18.8 54.2  
Number of ANC visits     214.0 (< 0.001)
 0 6126 10.2 47.5  
 1–3 21,951 36.6 56.1  
 4+ 31,961 53.2 57.5  
Size of child at birth     183.3 (< 0.001)
 Larger than average 20,636 34.4 54.3  
 Average 28,955 48.2 58.6  
 Smaller than average 10,446 17.4 51.7  
Birth order     100.4 (< 0.001)
 1st 12,563 20.9 53.2  
 2–4 28,640 47.7 58.0  
 5+ 18,835 31.4 54.6  
Place of delivery     701.3 (< 0.001)
 Home 20,329 33.9 48.5  
 Health facility 39,709 66.1 59.8  
Assisted by a health worker     171.9 (< 0.001)
 No 26,164 41.9 49.6  
 Yes 34,874 53.1 60.6  
Type of delivery     569.8 (< 0.001)
 Vaginal birth 56,987 94.9 57.0  
 Cesarean section 3051 5.1 34.6  
Twin status     49.3 (< 0.001)
 Single birth 59,028 98.3 56.1  
 Multiple birth 1010 1.7 45.1