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Table 2 Factors associated with timely initiation of breastfeeding (n = 3466)

From: Prevalence and predictors of timely initiation of breastfeeding in Ghana: an analysis of 2017–2018 multiple indicator cluster survey

Variable Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Age (years)
 15–24 1 1
 25–34 1.12 (0.91, 1.37) 1.10 (0.87, 1.40)
 35–49 1.04 (0.81, 1.33) 1.07 (0.79, 1.44)
Marital status
 Never married 1 1
 Married/cohabitation 1.22 (0.97, 1.55) 1.16 (0.87, 1.54)
Education
 No formal education 1 1
 Primary 0.93 (0.7, 1.25) 1.08 (0.79, 1.46)
 Secondary 1.06 (0.85, 1.33) 1.28 (0.96, 1.71)
 College or higher education 0.88 (0.52, 1.50) 1.24 (0.76, 2.04)
Household wealth
 Poor 1 1
 Middle income 0.99 (0.76, 1.29) 0.96 (0.73, 1.28)
 High income 0.97 (0.77, 1.23) 0.98 (0.72, 1.34)
Place of residence
 Urban 1 1
 Rural 1.14 (0.92, 1.42) 1.18 (0.92, 1.53)
Attended antenatal care
 0 1 1
  ≥ 1 2.04 (1.18, 3.52) 1.63 (0.93, 2.84)
Delivery assisted by skilled attendant
 No 1 1
 Yes 1.39 (1.11, 1.75) 1.65 (1.28, 2.13)*
Mode of delivery
 Vaginal delivery 1 1
 Caesarean section 0.31 (0.22, 0.42) 0.26 (0.18, 0.36)*
Planned pregnancy
 No 1 1
 Yes 1.3 (1.07, 1.59) 1.31 (1.05, 1.63)*
Perceived delivery size of baby
 Smaller than average 1 1
 Average 1.62 (1.24, 2.11) 1.51 (1.16, 1.97)*
 Larger than average 1.82 (1.41, 2.36) 1.74 (1.34, 2.26)*
  1. * = Significant at P - value < 0.05; 1 = Reference category