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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population (n = 3466)

From: Prevalence and predictors of timely initiation of breastfeeding in Ghana: an analysis of 2017–2018 multiple indicator cluster survey

Characteristics Frequency (%) a Prevalence, n (%; 95% CI)
Total sample 3466 (100) 1857 (52.3; 49.7, 54.9)
Age (years)
 15–24 1158 (27.5) 603 (50.7; 46.5, 55.0)
 25–34 1516 (47.2) 821 (53.5; 50.1, 56.8)
 35–49 792 (25.4) 433 (51.7; 46.8, 56.6)
Marital status
 Never married 619 (17.0) 301 (48.1; 42.7, 53.5)
 Married/cohabitation 2847 (83.0) 1556 (53.1; 50.3, 56.0)
Education
 No formal education 928 (22.1) 510 (52.0; 47.6, 56.4)
 Primary 666 (21.3) 341 (50.3; 44.5, 56.1)
 Secondary 1708 (51.2) 924 (53.5; 50.0, 57.1)
 College or higher education 164 (5.4) 82 (48.9; 36.4, 61.4)
Household wealth
 Poor 1741 (41.6) 952 (52.6; 49.3, 55.9)
 Middle income 634 (19.5) 325 (52.4; 47.0, 57.7)
 High income 1091 (38.9) 580 (51.8; 47.0, 56.6)
Place of residence
 Urban 1323 (42.3) 691 (50.3; 46.0, 54.7)
 Rural 2143 (57.7) 1166 (53.7; 50.5, 56.8)
Attended Antenatal care
 0 95 (2.6) 42 (35.3; 22.7, 48.0)
  ≥ 1 3371 (97.4) 1815 (52.7; 50.0, 55.4)
Delivery assisted by skilled attendant
 No 784 (21.7) 361 (45.8; 41.2, 50.3)
 Yes 2681 (78.3) 1495 (54.0; 50.9, 57.2)
Mode of delivery
 Vaginal delivery 3046 (87.1) 1735 (55.8; 53.2, 58.4)
 Caesarean section 420 (12.9) 122 (27.8; 21.6, 33.9)
Planned pregnancy
 No 1701 (50.6) 874 (49.0; 45.1, 52.9)
 Yes 1765 (49.4) 983 (55.6; 52.3, 58.9)
Perceived delivery size of baby
 Smaller than Average 581 (16.8) 267 (40.8; 35.1, 46.6)
 Average 1254 (34.6) 677 (52.7; 48.8, 56.7)
 Larger than average 1607 (48.6) 900 (55.7; 52.2, 59.3)
  1. a = Prevalence of timely initiation of breastfeeding; n = frequency