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Table 1 Characteristics of participants

From: Impact of COVID-19 pandemic lockdown on exclusive breastfeeding in non-infected mothers

  Overall Paired by stratification
All
n = 510
Control
n = 306
Lockdown
n = 204
p Control
n = 173
Lockdown
n = 173
p
Maternal age at delivery (years) 33 ± 5 33 ± 5 33 ± 5 0.726 33 ± 5 33 ± 5 0.426
Maternal education     0.008   
 Primary school 11.4% 7.8% 16.7%   12.1% 12.1%  
 Secondary education 53.1% 56.2% 48.5%   48.6% 48.6%  
 University degree 35.5% 35.9% 34.8%   39.3% 39.3%  
Prenatal class 42.2% 50.7% 29.4% < 0.001 32.9% 32.9%
Parity 1.5 ± 0.6 1.5 ± 0.5 1.5 ± 0.7 0.351 1.6 ± 0.5 1.5 ± 0.7 0.367
Gestational age (weeks) 39 ± 1 39 ± 1 39 ± 1 0.375 39 ± 1 39 ± 1 0.712
Caesarean section 32.4% 27.8% 39.2% 0.007 33.5% 33.5%
Male infant 48.8% 46.7% 52.0% 0.247 49.1% 49.1%
Infant weight at birth (g) 3321 ± 428 3330 ± 424 3307 ± 435 0.558 3338 ± 417 3308 ± 423 0.477
Infant weight at discharge (g) 3122 ± 413 3128 ± 404 3113 ± 428 0.703 3140 ± 407 3112 ± 416 0.526
Nipple fissure 22.2% 31.4% 8.3% < 0.001 28.3% 9.8% < 0.001
Pacifier 43.9% 42.8% 45.6% 0.536 43.4% 46.8% 0.527
  1. Mean ± Standard Deviation or percentage