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Table 2 Comparison of characteristics of participants by two groups, (n = 20)

From: Feasibility, acceptability, and potential efficacy of an innovative postnatal home-based breastfeeding peer support programme in Hong Kong: a feasibility and pilot randomised controlled trial

Characteristics Intervention arm
N (%)
N = 10
Control arm
N (%)
N = 10
p-value
Maternal age    0.308
 18–24 years 3 (30.0) 0 (0)  
 25–29 years 1 (10.0) 1 (10.0)  
 30–34 years 4 (40.0) 6 (60.0)  
  ≥ 35 years 2 (20.0) 3 (30.0)  
Maternal education    0.528
 Primary 0 (0) 0 (0)  
 Compulsory Secondary 0 (0) 1 (10.0)  
 Post-Secondary 5 (50.0) 4 (40.0)  
 University Degree 4 (40.0) 5 (50.0)  
 Post-Graduate Degree 1 (10.0) 0 (0)  
Monthly family income (Hong Kong Dollar)    0.819
  < HK$15,000 1 (10.0) 1 (10.0)  
 HK$15,000-HK$29,999 2 (20.0) 1 (10.0)  
  ≥ HK$30,000 7 (70.0) 8 (80.0)  
Length of Residence in Hong Kong    0.305
  < 5 years 0 (0) 1 (10.0)  
 5 to < 10 years 0 (0) 0 (0)  
 10 to < 15 years 0 (0) 0 (0)  
  ≥ 15 years 10 (100.0) 9 (90.0)  
Returning to work postpartum    0.472
 No or not sure 3 (30.0) 1 (10.0)  
 Yes – within 10 weeks postpartum 4 (40.0) 4 (40.0)  
 Yes – longer than 10 weeks postpartum 3 (30.0) 5 (50.0)  
Parity    0.531
 Primiparous 9 (90.0) 8 (80.0)  
 Multiparous 1 (10.0) 2 (20.0)  
Delivery type    0.133
 Spontaneous vaginal 3 (30.0) 7 (70.0)  
 Assisted vaginal 4 (40.0) 0 (0)  
 Planned caesarean 2 (20.0) 2 (20.0)  
 Emergency caesarean 1 (10.0) 1 (10.0)  
Self-breastfed    0.371
 No 6 (60.0) 4 (40.0)  
 Yes 4 (40.0) 6 (60.0)  
Attended antenatal childbirth class    1.000
 No 2 (20.0) 2 (20.0)  
 Yes 8 (80.0) 8 (80.0)  
Attended antenatal breastfeeding class    1.000
 No 3 (30.0) 3 (30.0)  
 Yes 7 (70.0) 7 (70.0)  
Partner’s Infant feeding preference    1.000
 Breastfeeding 4 (40.0) 4 (40.0)  
 Infant Formula 0 (0) 0 (0)  
 Mixed Feeding 0 (0) 0 (0)  
 No Preference 6 (60.0) 6 (60.0)  
Maternal mother’s Infant feeding preference    0.549
 Breastfeeding 3 (30.0) 2 (20.0)  
 Infant Formula 0 (0) 1 (10.0)  
 Mixed Feeding 0 (0) 0 (0)  
 No Preference 7 (70.0) 7 (70.0)  
Paternal mother’s Infant feeding preference    0.559
 Breastfeeding 4 (40.0) 5 (55.6)  
 Infant Formula 1 (10.0) 0 (0)  
 Mixed Feeding 0 (0) 0 (0)  
 No Preference 5 (50.0) 4 (44.4)  
When decision to breastfeed was made    0.350
 Before becoming pregnant 1 (10.0) 3 (30.0)  
 During 1st trimester 8 (80.0) 6 (60.0)  
 During 2nd trimester 0 (0) 0 (0)  
 During 3rd trimester 0 (0) 1 (10.0)  
 After baby born 1 (10.0) 0 (0)  
Planned to exclusively breastfeed    0.301
 No 1 (10.0) 2 (20.0)  
 Yes – for 6 months 7 (70.0) 8 (80.0)  
 Yes – for less than 6 months 2 (20.0) 0 (0.0)  
Planned duration of any breastfeeding    0.305
  < 6 months 1 (10.0) 0 (0)  
  ≥ 6 months 9 (90.0) 10 (100.0)