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Table 2 Time of onset of skin-to-skin contact and health outcomes

From: Randomized clinical trial of the effect of the onset time of skin-to-skin contact at birth, immediate compared to early, on the duration of breastfeeding in full term newborns

  Immediate skin-to-skin contact
n (%)
Early skin-to-skin contact
n (%)
RRa (95% CI)
Exclusive breastfeedingb to 6 months    1.06 (0.72, 1.58)
 Yes 39 (27.3) 37 (25.5)
 No 104 (72.7) 108 (74.5)
Exclusive breastfeedingb to 3 months    0.99 (0.88, 1.11)
 Yes 115 (79.9) 117 (80.1)
 No 29 (20.1) 29 (19.9)
IBFATc score at discharge    1.02 (0.94, 1.10)
 Effective 134 (90.5) 132 (88.6)
 Not Effective 14 (9.7) 17 (11.4)
Weight loss during the first week of life    0.82 (0.45, 1.49)
 > 7% 17 (11.7) 21 (24.3)
 ≤ 7% 128 (88.9) 126 (85.7)
Hospitalization in the first week of life    0.6 (0.22, 1.63)
 Yes 6 (4.1) 10 (6.8)
 No 139 (95.7) 137 (93.2)
  1. aRR = Relative risk comparing immediate SSC versus early SSC
  2. bExclusive breastfeeding: was considered the time in months with human milk as the only source of food with no other liquids or solid foods given
  3. cIBFAT Instrument Breastfeeding Assessment Tool