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Table 5 Multilevel model results of the association between infant feeding practices and maternal depressive symptoms and other predictors, Ethiopia, 2019

From: The effect of maternal depressive symptoms on infant feeding practices in rural Ethiopia: community based birth cohort study

Factors β 95% CI P-value SE
Maternal age 0.010 −0.036 0.057 0.66 0.024
Mother Education
 Illiterate      
 Primary 0.787 0.240 1.333 0.005 0.279
 Secondary & above 1.357 0.567 2.146 0.001 0.403
Religion
 Orthodox      
 Protestant & Catholic 1.497 0.548 2.447 0.002 0.484
 Muslim −2.587 −3.209 −1.965 < 0.001 0.317
Wealth index −0.007 −0.073 0.060 0.844 0.034
Household food security
 Secured      
 Mildly insecure −0.692 −1.458 0.073 0.076 0.391
 Moderately insecure 0.836 0.293 1.380 0.003 0.277
 Severely insecure 1.034 0.251 1.816 0.01 0.399
Prenatal Depression
 Yes −0.024 −0.802 0.755 0.953 0.397
 No      
Postnatal Depression (within 3 days of birth)
 Yes −1.031 −1.647 −0.414 0.001 0.314
 No      
Maternal social support 0.107 0.041 0.174 0.002 0.034
Social participation 0.552 0.298 0.806 < 0.001 0.129
Intimate partner violence −0.208 −0.337 −0.080 0.001 0.065
Child gender
 Male      
 Female −0.128 0.580 0.326 0.58 0.232
Gestational age at birth 0.517 0.035 0.998 0.036 0.246
Antenatal care visits
 No ANC      
 1–3 ANC visits −0.418 −1.023 0.186 0.175 0.309
 4 plus visits 0.261 −0.325 0.847 0.382 0.299
Child illness
 Yes 0.625 0.134 1.117 0.013 0.251
 No      
Constant 67.389 64.723 70.054 < 0.001 1.360
Random-effects
 Variance of random intercept 7.208 6.971 7.453   0.123
 Variance of random slope 24.743 23.741 25.789   0.522
 Covariance of random intercept and slope −0.998 −0.999 −0.994   0.001
 Variance of measurement errors 13.29416 13.09836 13.49288   0.10064
  1. SE standard error
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