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Table 3 Core infant feeding practices, Ethiopia, 2019

From: The effect of maternal depressive symptoms on infant feeding practices in rural Ethiopia: community based birth cohort study

Infant feeding practices indicators Number Percent
Core indicators
 Timely Initiation of breastfeeding Within an hour 3031 72.5
Within 24 h 1048 25.1
After 1 day 100 2.4
 Exclusive breastfeeding at: Within 3 days of birth 4097 97.2
3 months 2936 89.3
Continued breastfeeding at 1 year 3531 99.6
 Introduction of solid/semi-solid/soft food at: Within 3 days of birth 8 0.2
3 months 217 5.2
6 months 1707 42.1
9 months 3605 90.2
12 months 3442 95.7
 Minimum dietary diversity at: 6 months 13 0.8
9 months 27 0.7
12 months 88 2.6
 Minimum meal frequency at: 6 months 1405 82.5
9 months 1914 53.1
12 months 2158 62.7
 Minimum acceptable diet at: 6 months 4 0.4
9 months 12 0.3
12 months 16 0.3
 Consumption of iron rich food 6 months 4 0.2
9 months 12 0.3
12 months 16 0.3
Optional indictors
 Frequency of breastfeeding at:
  Within 3 days of birth < 8 months 1007 24.6
8-11 months 1880 46.0
> = 12 months 1200 29.4
  3 months < 8 months 340 8.3
8-11 months 1802 44.2
> = 12 months 1935 47.5
  6 months < 8 months 470 11.8
8-11 months 1753 44.0
> = 12 months 1766 44.3
  9 months < 8 months 624 15.9
8-11 months 1907 48.5
> = 12 months 1397 35.6
  12 months < 8 months 864 24.6
8-11 months 1669 47.5
> = 12 months 976 27.8
Colostrum feeding 3653 87.4
Prelacteal feeding 36 0.9
 Bottle feeding Within 3 days of birth 136 3.1
3 months 635 15.2
6 months 1394 34.4
9 months 1406 35.2
12 months 992 27.6
 On demand BF Within 3 days of birth 3280 78.3
3 months 2662 64.4
6 months 2189 54.4
9 months 1765 44.6
12 months 1321 37.3
 Active feeding 6 months 972 56.9
9 months 2114 58.6
12 months 2050 59.6
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