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Table 2 Characteristics of study participants, Ethiopia, 2019

From: The effect of maternal depressive symptoms on infant feeding practices in rural Ethiopia: community based birth cohort study

Variables Number Percent
Maternal age
 Less than 25 years 1615 34.5
 25–35 years 2831 60.5
 Above 35 years 234 5.0
 Median (IQR) 26(22–30)  
Religion
 Orthodox 1057 22.6
 Protestant & Catholic 472 10.1
 Muslim 3148 67.3
Maternal educational status
 Illiterate 2585 55.2
 Primary 1491 31.9
 Junior 363 7.8
 Secondary & above 241 5.1
Marital status
 Married 4572 97.7
 Unmarried 108 2.3
Infants gender
 Male 2252 49.7
 Female 2276 50.3
Birthweight
 Normal birth weight 3972 95.6
 Low birth weight 183 4.4
Gestational age at birth
 Preterm 1442 34.7
 Term 2717 65.3
Child illness during the infancy period
 Yes 2690 57.5
 No 1990 42.5
Antenatal care
 No ANC 1626 34.8
 1–3 ANC visits 1194 25.5
 4 plus visits 1859 39.7
Place of delivery
 Health facility 2934 66.4
 TBA 75 1.7
 Home 1345 30.4
 Other 66 1.5
Birth complication
 Yes 927 19.8
 No 3753 80.2
History of spontaneous abortion
 Yes 539 11.5
 No 4140 88.5
History of child death
 Yes 1213 25.9
 No 3466 74.1
Intimate partner violence (total score > 10)
 Yes 417 8.9
 No 4263 91.1
Maternal social support
 Good 2631 56.2
 Poor 2049 43.8
Maternal social participation
 Yes 2886 61.7
 No 1794 38.3
Household food insecurity
 Secured 1600 34.2
 Mildly insecure 600 12.8
 Moderately insecure 1846 39.4
 Severely insecure 634 13.5
Wealth index
 Lowest 928 19.8
 Second 957 20.4
 Middle 863 18.4
 Fourth 986 21.1
 Highest 934 20.0
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