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Table 1 Feeding practice variables and scoring system used to construct the infant feeding practice index, Ethiopia, 2019

From: The effect of maternal depressive symptoms on infant feeding practices in rural Ethiopia: community based birth cohort study

IYCF indicators Scoring
Birth 3 months 6 months 9 months 12 months
Timely Initiation of breastfeeding 0 = after 1 day     
1 = within 24 h     
2 = within an hour     
Prelacteal feeding 0 = Yes     
1 = No     
Colostrum feeding 0 = No     
1 = Yes     
Exclusive breastfeeding 0 = No 0 = No    
2 = Yes 2 = Yes    
Frequency of breastfeeding per day 0 = No breastfeeding 0 = No breastfeeding 0 = No breastfeeding 0 = No breastfeeding 0 = No breastfeeding
1 = less than 8 times 1 = less than 8 times 1 = less than 8 times 1 = less than 8 times 1 = less than 8 times
2 = 8–11 times 2 = 8–11 times 2 = 8–11 times 2 = 8–11 times 2 = 8–11 times
3 = > 12 times 3 = > 12 times 3 = > 12 times 3 = > 12 times 3 = > 12 times
Continued Breastfeeding at 1 year 0 = No 0 = No 0 = No 0 = No 0 = No
1 = Yes 1 = Yes 1 = Yes 1 = Yes 1 = Yes
Bottle feeding 0 = Yes 0 = Yes 0 = Yes 0 = Yes 0 = Yes
1 = No 1 = No 1 = No 1 = No 1 = No
Introduction of solid/semi-solid/soft food 0 = Yes 0 = Yes 0 = No 0 = No 0 = No
1 = No 1 = No 2 = Yes 2 = Yes 2 = Yes
Minimum dietary diversity     0 = less than 3 food types 0 = less than 3 food types
    1 = only 3 food types 1 = only 3 food types
    2 = 4 & more food types 2 = 4 & more food types
Minimum meal frequency     0 = no food taken 0 = no food taken
    1 = 1–2 times a day 1 = 1–2 times a day
    2 = 3 or more times 2 = 3 or more times
Minimum acceptable diet     0 = No 0 = No
    1 = Yes 1 = Yes
Consumption of iron rich food     0 = No 0 = No
    1 = Yes 1 = Yes
On demand BF 0 = No 0 = No 0 = No 0 = No 0 = No
1 = Yes 1 = Yes 1 = Yes 1 = Yes 1 = Yes
Active feeding    0 = No 0 = No 0 = No
   1 = Yes 1 = Yes 1 = Yes
Potential score 0–13 0–9 0–9 0–15 0–15
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