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Table 2 Un-adjusted and adjusted odds ratios (95% CI) of early initiation of breastfeeding by counselling and support, stratified by place of delivery

From: Association of prenatal counselling and immediate postnatal support with early initiation of breastfeeding in Uttar Pradesh, India

  Un-adjusted Odds Ratios [95% CI] by place of delivery Adjusted Odds Ratios [95% CI] by place of delivery
Overall Public Private Home Model I (Overall) Model II (Public) Model III (Private) Model IV (Home)
Place of delivery
 Home [Ref]
  Public 3.26*** (2.91, 3.66)     1.53*** (1.33, 1.75)    
  Private 0.64*** (0.55, 0.75)     0.69*** (0.56, 0.83)    
Prenatal counselling
 No [Ref]
  Yes 2.06*** (1.88, 2.27) 1.79*** (1.59, 2.03) 1.46*** (1.13, 1.90) 2.45*** (1.99, 3.01) 1.37*** (1.22, 1.53) 1.34*** (1.16, 1.54) 1.22 (0.87, 1.70) 1.63*** (1.27, 2.10)
Postnatal support
 No [Ref]
  Yes 2.46*** (2.24, 2.70) 2.22*** (1.96, 2.51) 2.79*** (2.10, 3.69) 2.45*** (2.01, 2.98) 1.96*** (1.75, 2.18) 1.87*** (1.63, 2.15) 2.83*** (2.05, 3.92) 1.83*** (1.46, 2.30)
Interaction of prenatal counselling and postnatal support
 None [Ref]
  Only counselling 1.84*** (1.58, 2.15) 1.52*** (1.24, 1.86) 1.67*** (1.01, 2.76) 2.53*** (1.88, 3.41) 1.40*** (1.18, 1.67) 1.24** (1.00, 1.54) 1.36 (0.76, 2.43) 2.00*** (1.41, 2.78)
  Only support 2.26*** (2.01, 2.55) 1.98*** (1.69, 2.33) 3.00*** (2.11, 4.27) 2.47*** (1.92, 3.17) 1.99*** (1.73, 2.28) 1.79*** (1.50, 2.13) 3.00*** (2.01, 4.47) 2.11*** (1.59, 2.79)
  Both 4.26*** (3.75, 4.85) 3.36*** (2.84, 3.97) 3.86*** (2.65, 5.63) 5.13*** (3.84, 6.85) 2.67*** (2.30, 3.11) 2.49*** (2.07, 3.01) 3.50*** (2.25, 5.44) 2.84*** (2.02, 3.98)
  1. Note: Models are adjusted for prelacteal feeding, caesarean delivery, skin-to-skin contact within 1 hour of delivery, number of ANC check-ups, FLW contact during pregnancy, age, education, parity, religion, caste, standard of living index, sex of the child and place of delivery. Models 2–4 are not adjusted for place of delivery
  2. CI Confidence interval, Ref Reference Category
  3. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05