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Table 4 Reported reasons for initiating formula use

From: Vulnerable families and costly formula: a qualitative exploration of infant formula purchasing among peri-urban Peruvian households

Variable Total N
N (%)b
Age of child upon initiation of formula use N (%)c
<  1 week
(N = 12)
>  1 week,
<  1 mo. (N = 10)
1–3 mo. (N = 5) 3–6 mo. (N = 2)
Received formula recommendation or prescription from health provider
 Neither 10 (34.5) 4 (40.0) 3 (30.0) 2 (20.0) 1 (10.0)
 Received recommendation without prescription 6 (20.7) 2 (33.3) 3 (50.0) 1 (16.7) 0
 Received recommendation and prescription 13 (44.8) 6 (46.2) 4 (30.8) 2 (15.4) 1 (7.7)
Reasons reported for initiating formula usea
 Concerns about infant’s weight gain 12 (41.4) 3 (25.0) 4 (33.3) 4 (33.3) 1 (8.3)
 Perceived breast milk insufficiency 8 (27.6) 3 (37.5) 4 (50.0) 1 (12.5) 0
 Breastfeeding difficulties following Cesarean 4 (13.8) 4 (100.0) 0 0 0
 Mother’s employment 2 (6.9) 0 1 (50.0) 0 1 (50.0)
 Concerns about infant health following illness 2 (6.9) 2 (100.0) 0 0 0
 Infant was LBW 1 (3.4) 0 1 (100.0) 0 0
  1. a Reported as the primary reason for formula use
  2. b Column percentages
  3. c Row percentages