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Table 2 Factors related to the use of lactogogues to enhance breastmilk production

From: Special foods and local herbs used to enhance breastmilk production in Ghana: rate of use and beliefs of efficacy

Variable Na Brong-Ahafo region
n (%)
Na Northern region
n (%)
All
n (%)
Do you have breastmilk production problem? 200   202   
 Yes   48 (24.0)   42 (20.8) 90 (22.4)
Do you feel your breastmilk is adequate for your child? 127   130   257
 No   64 (50.4)   12 (9.2) 76 (29.6)
Awareness on special foods/herbs used to enhance breastmilk production 200   202   
 Yes   180 (90.0)   177 (87.6) 357 (88.8)
Where did you learn about the use of special foods/herbs for breastmilk production? 180   178   
 Grandparents   40 (22.2)   48 (27.0) 88 (24.6)
 Health facility   28 (15.6)   31 (17.4) 59 (16.5)
 Parents   81 (45.0)   32 (18.0) 113 (31.6)
 Friends   10 (5.6)   36 (20.2) 46 (12.8)
 Media   0 (0.0)   1 (0.6) 1 (0.3)
 Others   21 (11.7)   30 (16.9) 51 (14.2)
Do you use lactogogues? 200   202   
 Yes   163 (81.5)   174 (86.1) 337 (83.8)
What is your main reason for using lactogogues? 163   174   
 Enhance breastmilk production   74 (45.4)   154 (88.5) 228 (67.7)
 Tradition   80 (49.1)   5 (2.9) 85 (25.2)
 This is my first birth   2 (1.2)   7 (4.0) 9 (2.7)
 Breast size small   4 (2.5)   1 (0.6) 5 (1.5)
 Others   3 (1.8)   7 (4.0) 10 (2.9)
Number of times special foods/herbs taken in a day 163   174   
 1–3 times   156 (95.7)   146 (83.9) 302 (89.6)
 Above 3 times   7 (4.3)   28 (16.1) 35 (10.4)
How was special food/herb used? 163   174   
 Added to usual food   88 (54.0)   28 (16.1) 116 (34.4)
 Prepared separately   54 (33.1)   146 (83.9) 200 (59.4
 Others   21 (12.9)   0 (0.0) 21 (6.2)
Time taken to experience the effect of the special food/ herb after utilization 163   174   
 Within 24 h   158 (96.9)   174 (100.0) 332 (98.5)
 Within a week   5 (3.1)   0 (0.0) 5 (1.5)
Awareness of lactogogue use during pregnancy 200   202   
 Yes   32 (16.0)   21 (18.4) 53 (13.2)
Use of lactogogues during pregnancy 200   202   
 Yes   26 (13.0)   20 (9.9) 46 (11.4)
Stage of pregnancy in which special food/herb was used 26   20   
 0–3 months   5 (19.2)   7 (35.0) 12 (26.1)
 4–6 months   12 (46.2)   10 (50.0) 22 (47.8)
 7–9 months   9 (34.6)   3 (15.0) 12 (26.1)
  1. aN changes depending on relevant skips in the questions