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Table 2 Descriptive statistics and between-group comparison of categorical participant characteristics

From: The effect of breastfeeding education with grandmothers’ attendance on breastfeeding self-efficacy and infant feeding pattern in Iranian primiparous women: a quasi-experimental pilot study

Variable Groups Fisher Exact test P-value
Without grandmother attendance (n = 32) With grandmother attendance (n = 32)
n (%) n (%)
Mother’s occupation
 Housewife 32 (100) 29 (9.4) 0.238
 Employed 0 (0) 3 (90.6)
Grandmother’s occupation
 Housewife 32 (100) 31 (96.9) 0.999
 Employed 0 (0) 1 (3.1)
Husband’s occupation
 Worker 6 (18.8) 4 (12.5) 0.091
 Employed 1 (3.1) 7 (21.9)
 Self-employed 25 (78.1) 21 (65.6)
Economic status of the family (month’s wages: millions of Rials)
 < 20 1 (3.1) 0 (0) 0.891
 20–40 20 (62.6) 22 (68.8)
 40–100 10 (31.2) 10 (31.2)
 > 100 1 (3.1) 0 (0)
Mother’s education
 Elementary 1 (3.2) 0 (0) 0.083
 Secondary 2 (6.2) 3 (9.4)
 High school 24 (75) 16 (50)
 University 5 (15.6) 13 (40.6)
Grandmother’s education
 Elementary 8 (25) 2 (6.2) 0.211
 Secondary 15 (46.9) 18 (56.3)
 High school 7 (21.9) 8 (25)
 University 2 (6.2) 4 (12.5)
Mode of delivery
 Normal vaginal 6 (18.8) 5 (15.6) 0.75
 Vacuum extraction 1 (3.1) 0 (0)
 Cesarean section 25 (78.1) 27 (84.4)