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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of cohort study participants at 4–8 weeks postpartum (n = 159)

From: Psychosocial barriers and enablers of exclusive breastfeeding: lived experiences of mothers in low-income townships, North West Province, South Africa

Sociodemographic factors Median (interquartile range) or n (%)
Mother’s age (years) 27 (24, 32)
Parity 2 (1, 4)
Relationship status
 Married 24 (15.3)
 Unmarried, not cohabiting 117 (73.9)
 Living with a partner 18 (10.8)
Education
 Grade 0–7, primary school 12 (7.5)
 Grade 8–12, high school 128 (80.5)
 Post high school training 19 (12.0)
Living arrangements
 Living with family, not the father of the baby 110 (70.0)
 Living with the father of the baby 46 (28.7)
 Living with a new partner 3 (1.3)
Employment status
 Employed 41 (25.8)
 Unemployed 118 (74.2)
Household income per month
 < R1000 (70 US dollar) 23 (14.5)
 R1001-R3000 (70–200 US dollar) 43 (27.0)
R3001-R6000 (200–400 US dollar)
> R6000 (>  400 US dollar)
26 (16.4)
19 (12.0)
 Do not know 48 (30.1)
Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) score
 EPDS < 10 74 (55.2)
 EPDS ≥10 60 (44.8)
Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Score (BSES) - Short-Form
 BSES < 55 27 (14.4)
 BSES ≥55 112 (85.6)