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Table 2 Bivariate analysis of factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding of infants from 6 to 24 months (N = 218)

From: Factors associated with abandoning exclusive breastfeeding in Mexican mothers at two private hospitals

Variable Total
N = 218
n (%)
Exclusive breastfeeding Bivariate
No
N = 157 (72%)
Yes
N = 61 (28%)
OR (95% CI) p - value
Primipara
 Yes 105 (48.1) 75 (71.4) 30 (28.6) 0.94 (0.52,1.70) 0.852
 No 113 (51.8) 82 (72.6) 31 (27.4)   
Type of pregnancy
 Planned 168 (77.0) 122 (72.6) 46 (27.4) 1.13 (0.56,2.27) 0.717
 Unplanned 50 (22.9) 35 (70) 15 (30)   
Mode of delivery
 Vaginal 61 (27.9) 36 (59) 25 (41) 2.33 (1.24,4.38) 0.008*
 Cesarean section 157 (72.0) 121 (77.1) 36 (22.9)   
Information on breastfeeding at the hospital
 Yes 190 (87.1) 137 (72.1) 53 (27.8) 1.03 (0.42,2.49) 0.976
 No 28 (12.8) 20 (71.4) 8 (28.5)   
Use of bottle in hospital
 Yes 150 (68.8) 120 (80) 30 (20) 3.35 (1.79,6.24) 0.000**
 No 68 (31.19) 37 (63.2) 31 (36.8)   
Bottle use in the first 6 months
 Yes 179 (82.4) 143 (79.9) 36 (20.1) 7.63 (3.56,16.38) 0.000**
 No 38 (17.4) 13 (34.2) 25 (65.8)   
Pacifier use in the first 6 months
 Yes 143 (65.5) 105 (73.4) 38 (26.6) 1.22 (0.66,2.26) 0.522
 No 75 (34.4) 52 (69.3) 23 (30.7)   
Support from partner in breastfeeding
 Yes 205 (94.0) 144 (70.2) 61 (29.8) 1.42 (1.30,1.55) 0.020*
 No 13 (5.9) 13 (100) 0 (0)   
Support of partner in housework
 Yes 199 (91.2) 144 (72.4) 55 (27.6) 1.20 (0.43,3.33) 0.715
 No 19 (8.7) 13 (68.4) 6 (31.6)   
Breastfeeding is pleasant
 Yes 153 (70.18) 106 (69.3) 47 (30.7) 0.61 (0.31,1.22) 0.167
 No 65 (29.8) 51 (78.5) 14 (21.5)   
Cracked nipples
 Yes 31 (15.6) 23 (74.2) 8 (25.8) 1.00 (0.41,2.40) 0.995
 No 167 (84.3) 124 (74.3) 43 (25.7)   
Mastitis
 Yes 15 (7.5) 10 (66.7) 5 (33.3) 0.67 (0.21,2.06) 0.485
 No 183 (92.4) 137 (74.9) 46 (25.1)   
Medication
 Yes 35 (17.6) 27 (77.1) 8 (22.9) 1.20 (0.51,2.86) 0.665
 No 163 (82.3) 120 (73.6) 43 (26.4)   
Milk insufficient
 Yes 85 (42.9) 56 (65.9) 29 (34.1) 0.46 (0.24,0.89) 0.020*
 No 113 (57.0) 91 (80.5) 22 (19.5)   
Working
 Yes 32 (16.1) 31 (96.9) 1 (3.1) 13.36 (1.77,100.6) 0.001**
 No 166 (83.3) 116 (69.9) 50 (30.1)   
Knowledge
 Low/average 108 (49.5) 86 (79.6) 22 (20.4) 2.14 (1.16,3.95) 0.013*
 High 110 (50.45) 71 (64.5) 39 (35.5)   
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. *p - value < 0.05 (significantly associated)
  3. **p - value < 0.001 (highly significantly associated)