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Table 4 Summarized mothers’ practice about EBF

From: Knowledge, attitude, and practice of exclusive breastfeeding among mothers in East Africa: a systematic review

Practices variables Tsedeke [26] et al.
Ethiopia,220
Jino [27] et al. Rwanda,90 Mohamed
[29] et al.
Kenya
,281
Adrawa [31]
et al.
Uganda 385
Petit [32] et al.
Uganda 203
Gewa [35] et
al Kenya 400
Bayissa [36] et al.
Ethiopia 403
Asfaw et al. [33] 2015 Ethiopia
634
Nkala [34] et al.
Tanzania 402
Wana [37] et al.
Ethiopia 351
Ballo [38] et al.
Ethiopia 384
Tadele [39] et al.
Ethiopia n = 314
Warillea [40] et al.
South Sudan 384
Shirima et al. [41] 2001,
Tanzania,
N = 640
Total
%
1. When did you start breastfeeding after delivery?
 Within one hour 142 (64.5%)   200 (74.1%) 264 (68.6%)   350 (87.5%) 264 (71.2) 448 (70.7%) 366 (91%) 216 (61.5%) 335 (87.2%) 188 (59.9%) 296 (76.8%) 429 (67.0%) 72.9
 After one hour 78 (35.5%)   70 (25.9%) 121 (31.4%)   50 (12.1%) 93 (25.1%) 186 (29.3%) 36 (9%) 135 (38.5% 49 (12.8%) 126 (40.1%) 89 (23.2%) 211 (32.9%) 25.9
2. What is the Daily frequency of breastfeeding?
 On-demand             209 (66.6%)    15.8
 Regularly             101 (32.2%)    7.6
 Randomly             4 (1.3%)    0.3
  < 4 times a day 6 (2.73%)               0.4
  > 4 times a day 214 (97.3)               16.6
  < 8        149 (40.2%)         11.5
8 to12        190 (51.2%)    49 (14%)      18.0
  > 12        32 (8.6%)    302 (86%)      25.2
3. Do you breastfeed your baby exclusively?
 Yes 160 (72.7%) 31 (34.4%) 128 (45.5%) 162 (42.1%) 101 (49.8%) 272 (68%) 305 (82.2%) 435 (68.6%) 232 (58%) 197 (56.1%) 140 (30.5%) 83 (26.4%) 243 (63.2%)   55.9
 No 60 (27.3%) 59 (65.5%) 153 (54.5%) 223 (57.9%) 102 (50.1%) 128 (32%) 66 (17.8%) 199 (31.4%) 170 (42%) 154 (43.9%) 244 (63.5%) 231 (73.6%) 141 (36.7%)   43.3
4. Did you give colostrum to your baby?
 Yes 164 (74.6%)   204 (75.3%)    387 (96.7%)   505 (79.9%)       471 (73.5%) 79.5
 No 56 (25.5%)   67 (24.7%)    13 (3.3%)   129 (20.3%)       169 (26.4%) 19.9
5. Have you given your last baby anything before initiating breastfeeding (Prelacteal food)?
 Yes 12 (6.25%)   106 (37.7%)     36 (9.7%)   88 (22%)   124 (32. %) 243 (77.4%) 156 (40.6%) 194 (30.3%) 31.6
 No 208 (94.5%)   175 (62.23%)     335 (90.3%)   314 (78%)   260 (68%) 71 (22.6%) 228 (59.4%) 446 (69.6%) 67.2