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Table 3 Summarized mothers’ attitudes about EBF

From: Knowledge, attitude, and practice of exclusive breastfeeding among mothers in East Africa: a systematic review

Attitude variables Tsedeke [26] et al., Ethiopia
220
Girard [28]
et al. Kenya
148
Mohamed [29] et al., Kenya
281
Alamirew [30]
et al. Ethiopia
384
Asfaw [33]
et al. Ethiopia
Wana [37]
et al. Ethiopia
351
Ballo [38]
et al. Ethiopia
384
Tadele [39]
et al. Ethiopia
N = 314
Total
%
1. Giving breast milk for a newborn immediately within one hour (early initiation) is important?
 Strongly agree     48 (12.5%)      12.5
 Agree     63 (16.4%)      16.4
 Disagree     182 (42.1%)      42.1
 Strongly disagree     92 (24%)      24.0
2. Discarding the first milk or colostrum is important?
 Strongly agree 0.00%    55 (14.3%)     0.00% 5.9
 Agree 78 (35.45%)    90 (23.4%)     125 (39.89%) 31.9
 Neutral 2 (0.91%)    130 (33.9%)     0.00% 14.3
 Disagree 140 (63%)    109 (28.4%)     189 (60.29)% 47.7
3. Only breast milk may not be sufficient for 3 months’ child?
 Agree    153 (54.4%) 56 (14.6%)      31.4
 Disagree    108 (38.4%) 87 (22.6%)      24.0
 Strongly disagree    0.00% 150 (39.1%)      22.5
 Neutral    20 (7.1%) 91 (23.7%)      16.6
4. Do you think of starting complementary foods before 6 months is important?
  Strongly agree     46 (12%)      8.8
 Agree     61 (15.9%)      15.9
 Disagree     169 (44%)      44.0
 Strongly disagree     108 (28.1%)      28.1
5. What do you prefer to feed your baby for the first 6 months?
 Breast milk alone 162 (73.64%)    92 (24%)      42.0
 Breast milk with formula 5 (2.27%)         0.8
 Breast milk with cow milk 50 (22.72%)         8.2
 Others 3 (1.37%)    292 (76%)      48.8
7. Do you Believe that EBF is beneficial to the Childs?
 Agree 192 (87.27%)   267 (95%)       91.6
 Disagree 28 (12.73%)   11 (4%)       7.7
 Neutral    3 (1%)       0.5
8. The age of the mother influences her ability to EBF?
 Agree    211 (75%)       75.0
 Disagree    41 (14.6%)       14.6
 Neutral    29 (10.32%)       10.3
9. Breastfed babies are healthier than fed babies?
 Agree    234 (83.3%)     337 (87.7%) 182 (58%) 74.1
 Disagree    31 (11%)     45 (11.76%) 79 (25.1%) 15.2
 Neutral    16 (5.6)     3 (0.8%) 53 (16.9%) 7.0
10. Breast milk is more easily digested than formula?
 Agree    228 (81.1%)       81.1
 Disagree    34 (12%)       12.0
 Neutral    19 (6.7%       6.7
11. Do you think EBF prevent pregnancy?
 Agree       193 (55%)    55.0
 Disagree       132 (37.6%)    37.6
 Don’t know       26 (7.4%)    7.4
12. Do you think breastfeeding limits activity?
 Agree       53 (15%)    15.0
 Disagree       298 (85%)    85.0
 Don’t know       0    0.0
13. Do you think BF has a relation with pain and Cancer?
 Agree       38 (10.8%)    10.8
 Disagree       202 (57.6%)    57.6
 Neutral       111 (31.6%)    31.6
14. Formula feeding is more convenient than breastfeeding?
 Agree        176 (45.87%)   45.8
 Disagree        201 (52.27%)   52.2
 Neutral        7 (1.87%)   1.8
15. Does breastfeeding increases mother-infant bonding?
 Agree        187 (48.6%)   48.6
 Disagree        130 (33.92%)   33.8
 Neutral        67 (17.62%)   17.4
16. Women need adequate food for EBF for 6 months?
 Agree   62 (42%)        42.0
 Disagree   86 (58%)        58.0
 Neutral          
17. Women who EBF for 6 months will have problems?
 Agree   86 (58%)        58.0
 Disagree   62 (42%)        42.0
18. Infants, that EBF for 6 months will have problems?
 Agree   76 (51.4%)        51.4
 Disagree   72 (48.6%)        48.6
19. Do you think that EBF is better than artificial feeding?
 Yes         205 (73%) 73.0
 No         67 (23.8%) 23.8
 Don’t know         9 (3.2%) 3.2
20. Do you agree that only EBF is enough for a child for up to 6 months?
 Agree   34 (23%)       186 (59.3%) 47.6
 Disagree   114 (77%)       128 (40.7%) 52.3
21. Why do you encourage exclusive breastfeeding?
 Prevent infection and infant death*      421 (68.1%)     68.1
 Improve infant’s strength*      228 (36.9%)     36.9
 Cost-effective*      121 (19.6%)     19.6
22. Do you encourage mothers to EBF their infant?
 Yes      618 (97.5%)     97.5
 No      16 (2.5%)     2.5
  1. *Sum larger than hundred due to multiple answers