Skip to main content

Table 2 Summarized mothers’ knowledge about EBF

From: Knowledge, attitude, and practice of exclusive breastfeeding among mothers in East Africa: a systematic review

Knowledge Variables Tsedeke [26] et al.
Ethiopia n = 220
Jino [27]
et al.
Rwanda
n = 90
Girard et al. [28] Kenya n = 148 Mohamed [29] et al.
Kenya
n = 281
Alamirew [30] et al.
Ethiopia n = 384
Adrawa [31] et al.
Uganda
n = 385
Petit [32]
et al.
Uganda
n = 203
Asfaw [33] et al. Ethiopia
n = 634
Gewa [35] et al.
Kenya n = 400
Bayissa [36]
et al.
Ethiopia n = 371
Wana [37]
et al.
Ethiopia n = 351
Ballo [38]
et al.
Ethiopia n = 341
Tadele [39]
et al.
Ethiopia n = 314
Nkala [34] et al.
Tanzania n = 402
Warillea [40] et al.
south Sudan n = 384
Shirima et al. [41] 2001, Tanzania
N = 640
Total
%
1. Do you know the importance of breastfeeding?
 Yes 220 (100%)          348(86.3%) 351 (100%)       97.5
 No           23 (13.64%)        2.4
2. What do you prefer to feed your baby for the first 6 months?
 Breast milk only 202 (91.8%)    256 (91.1%) 236 (61.5%)     384 (96%)         83.8
 Breast milk with plain water 12 (5.45%)     113 (29.4%)             9.7
 Breast milk with Butter 6 (2.73%)                 0.4
 Infant formula      7 (1.8%)             0.5
 Others     25 (8.8%) 28 (7.3%)     16 (4%)         5.3
3. For how long should infant EBF only?
  < 4 months 2 (0.90%)      122 (31.7%) 30 (14.7%)     9 (2.5%)   164 (52.2%)     13.3
 4-5 months       26 (6.8%)      14 (3.9%) 268 (78.5)      12.5
 6 months 200 (90.9%)      206 (53.5%) 150 (73.8%)     295 (84%) 73 (21.4%) 109 (34.7%)    176 (27.5%) 49.2
  > 6 months 18 (8.18%)      25 (6.5%) 23 (11.3%)     13 (3.7%)   41 (13.1%)    464 (72.5%) 23.7
 don’t know       6 (1.5%)      20 (5.6%)       1.0
4. Do you think bottle feeding dangerous for the baby?
 Yes 136 (61.8%)                 61.8
 No 84 (38.2%)                 38.2
5. Do you know the right time to start complementary foods?
 3 months      10 (2.6%)             2.6
 4 months      34 (8.8%)             8.8
 5 months      23 (6%)             6
 6 months      311 (81%)             81
 7 months      6 (1.6%)             1.6
6. Do you know EBF?
 Yes   67 (74.4%) 131 (88.6%)   315 (82%) 241 (62.6%)   529 (83.4%)   337 (90.8%) 331 (94.3%)    386 (96.2%) 323 (84%)   84.4
 No   23 (25.6%) 17 (11.48%)   69 (18%) 144 (37.4%)   105 (16.6%)   34 (9.2%) 20 (5.7%)    16 (3.8%) 61 (16%)   15.5
7. Have you ever heard about EBF?
 Yes         618 (97.5%)      294 (93.3%)     96.2
 No         16 (2.5%)      20 (6.4%)     3.7
8. Do you know that BM alone is enough for infants < 6 months of life?
 Yes    34 (23%)   250 (65.1%)      263 (70.9%)        60.5
 No    114 (77%)   99 (25.8%)      48 (12.9%        28.9
 Don’t know      35 (9.1)      41 (11.1%)        8.4
9. Do you know the right time to give BM to a child after birth (early initiation)?
 After giving some butter      31 (8.1%)             1.1
 Within an hour     257 (91.5%) 269 (70%)     384 (96%) 264 (71.2%)   223 (67.26%) 230 (73.2%)    444 (69.3%) 75.8
 After one hour     24 (8.5%) 54 (14.1%)     16 (4%) 93 (25.1%)   110 (32.7) 75 (23.9%)    196 (30.6%) 20.7
 After 24 h      30 (7.8%)         9 (2.9%)     1.4
10. What do you do with the first milk or colostrum?
 Discard     39 (13.9%) 174 (45.3%)             32.0
 Feed immediately     242 (86.1%) 210 (54.7%)             67.9
11. Do you know breast milk alone can sustain baby for 6 months?
 Yes     220 (78.3%)              78.3
 No     61 (21.7%)              21.7
12. Do you know EBF prevents diarrheal, respiratory (EBF protects baby from illness)?
 Yes     226 (80.4%) 234 (60.9%)      78 (19.4%) 351 (100%)   86 (27.3%)     55.1
 No     55 (19.6%) 62 (16.2%)      325 (80.6%)    193 (61.3%)     35.8
 I don’t know      88 (22.9%)         35 (11.4%)     6.9
13. Do you know EBF protects the mother from pregnancy?
 Yes            193 (55%)   100 (32%)     41.7
 No            158 (45%)   53 (16.7%)     30.0
 I don’t know              161 (51.3%)     22.9
14. Do you know expressed breast milk should be fed to the baby?
 Yes     195 (69.4%)              69.4
 No     86 (30.6%)              30.6
15. Do you know semi-solid food to be introduced at 6 months?
 Yes     199 (71%)              71.0
 No     82 (29%)              29.0
16. Do you know a pregnant woman can breastfeed her baby?
 Yes     159 (56.6%)    360 (90%)           76.2
 No     122 (43.4)    40 (10%)           23.7
17. Do you know a baby should be breastfed on demand?
 Yes     206 (73.3%)    76 (19%)           41.4
 No     75 (26.7%)    324 (81%)           58.5
18. It is important to give a new-born child other foods like porridge, tea, juice, etc.?
 Yes        48 (12%)           12.0
 No        352 (88%)           88.0
19. Does frequent sucking help for milk production?
 Yes              164 (52.2%)     52.2
 No              87 (27.7%)     27.7
 No idea              63 (20.1%)     20.1
20. Is prelacteal feeding needed for an infant before starting breast milk?
 Yes      75 (19.5%)            115 (17.9%) 18.5
 No      292 (76.1)            525 (82.0%) 79.7
 I don’t know      17 (4.4%)             1.6