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Table 3 Scores on breastfeeding knowledge and abilities by type of healthcare provider. Baseline vs. post-intervention

From: How much can Mexican healthcare providers learn about breastfeeding through a semi-virtual training? A propensity score matching analysis

  Primary physicians Registered nurses Nurse technicians
Baseline Post Difference p-value Baseline Post Difference p-value Baseline Post Difference p-value
I General knowledge about breastfeeding 67.32 88.43 21.10 0.00 61.62 85.76 24.15 0.00 63.43 81.84 18.41 0.00
1 Time of breastfeeding based on WHO recommendations 41.50 55.30 13.80 0.02 34.09 39.68 5.49 0.49 36.11 47.43 11.32 0.10
2 Introduction of complementary feeding 93.68 92.95 −0.73 0.81 91.67 93.75 2.08 0.64 92.36 88.46 −3.90 0.33
3 Definition of exclusive breastfeeding 87.75 92.94 5.19 0.13 82.58 97.92 15.34 0.00 84.03 87.18 3.15 0.53
4 Perception about human milk substitutes 91.30 97.65 6.34 0.00 79.55 95.83 16.29 0.00 84.03 87.18 3.15 0.53
5 Enough milk production to breastfeed their children 3.16 98.82 95.66 0.00 3.79 95.83 92.05 0.00 9.72 89.74 80.02 0.00
6 Human milk extraction and storage 86.56 92.94 6.38 0.07 78.03 91.67 13.64 0.01 74.30 91.02 16.72 0.00
II Knowledge about breastfeeding benefits 22.43 80.59 58.15 0.00 25.57 78.13 52.56 0.00 25.35 72.12 46.77 0.00
7 Breastfeeding is related to less weight loss during the first months postpartum 44.66 50.59 5.92 0.34 45.45 33.33 −12.12 0.14 37.50 39.74 2.24 0.74
8 Breastfeeding is associated with lower risk of diabetes, breast and ovaries cancer 8.70 87.06 78.36 0.00 5.30 93.76 88.45 0.00 10.42 78.20 67.78 0.00
9 Breastfeeding may increase the risk of diarrheal infections in the infant 20.15 89.41 69.25 0.00 33.33 87.5 54.17 0.00 29.86 79.48 49.62 0.00
10 Breast milk does not provide all the nutrients and liquids that a baby needs during the first 6 months of life, so other foods and liquids must be given 16.20 95.29 79.09 0.00 18.18 97.92 79.73 0.00 23.61 91.02 67.41 0.00
III Knowledge about clinical aspects of breastfeeding 57.80 64.41 6.60 0.01 56.63 54.69 −1.94 0.63 49.48 56.09 6.61 0.03
11 Managing anemia 97.23 92.94 −4.29 0.15 93.94 77.08 −16.86 0.01 90.27 85.89 4.38 0.32
12 Medicines during lactation 44.27 62.35 18.08 0.00 35.61 41.62 6.06 0.45 29.86 44.87 15.01 0.03
13 Breastfeeding advice for diverse medical conditions 63.64 58.82 −4.81 0.42 59.09 68.75 9.66 0.24 55.55 56.41 0.85 0.90
14 Malnourished mothers 26.09 43.53 17.44 0.00 37.88 31.25 −6.63 0.41 22.22 37.18 14.96 0.02
IV Clinical ability to solve problems 85.11 90.98 5.86 0.02 79.55 94.44 14.90 0.00 79.17 83.76 4.59 0.18
15 Insufficient breast milk 79.05 90.58 11.53 0.00 67.42 95.83 28.41 0.00 70.83 88.46 17.62 0.00
16 Breastfeed and work 92.89 95.29 2.40 0.39 93.18 95.83 2.65 0.51 90.27 87.17 −3.09 0.50
17 Feed the baby with other foods instead of breast milk before 3 months of age 83.40 87.05 3.66 0.42 78.03 91.67 13.64 0.01 76.38 75.64 −0.74 0.90
V Ability to overcome breastfeeding challenges 88.54 85.88 −2.66 0.42 80.68 94.79 14.11 0.00 78.81 71.79 −7.02 0.10
18 Risk of introducing other foods before 6 months of age 94.86 85.88 −8.98 0.02 93.18 93.75 0.57 0.89 92.36 73.07 −19.28 0.00
19 Most common cause for a child not getting enough breast milk 82.21 85.88 3.67 0.43 68.18 95.83 27.65 0.00 65.28 70.51 5.23 0.43