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Table 2 Multivariable logistic regression modelling the likelihood of early feeding indicators (n = 5622)

From: Early feeding practices and associated factors in Sudan: a cross-sectional analysis from multiple Indicator cluster survey

  Early breastfeeding Avoiding prelacteal feeding Optimal early feeding
  AOR1 (95% CI) p-value2 AOR1 (95% CI) p-value2 AOR1 (95% CI) p-value2
Region of residence
 Khartoum 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Northern 0.57 (0.40,0.82) 0.002 0.74 (0.51,1.07) 0.109 0.57 (0.39,0.83) 0.003
 Eastern 1.79 (1.21,2.64) 0.004 2.06 (1.46,2.90) <  0.001 2.02 (1.44,2.85) <  0.001
 Central 0.86 (0.62,1.20) 0.379 1.13 (0.81,1.58) 0.454 0.95 (0.68,1.33) 0.774
 Kordofan 0.61 (0.41,0.88) 0.009 1.68 (1.19,2.36) 0.003 1.06 (0.74,1.52) 0.735
 Darfur 0.61 (0.44,0.84) 0.003 2.49 (1.80,3.45) <  0.001 1.25 (0.91,1.73) 0.167
Maternal age
 15–24 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 25–34 1.17 (0.97,1.41) 0.106 1.25 (1.04,1.51) 0.020 1.24 (1.03,1.50) 0.027
 35+ 1.06 (0.87,1.29) 0.551 1.28 (1.02,1.61) 0.035 1.25 (1.03,1.51) 0.024
Mother’s education
 None 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Primary 0.91 (0.70,1.17) 0.434 1.17 (0.95,1.43) 0.139 1.03 (0.86,1.23) 0.733
 Secondary 1.35 (1.02,1.79) 0.034 1.74 (1.34,2.27) <  0.001 1.62 (1.30,2.02) <  0.001
 Higher 1.13 (0.74,1.72) 0.484 1.37 (0.93,2.01) 0.107 1.43 (0.99,2.06) 0.057
Father’s education
 None 1.00      
 Primary 1.10 (0.88,1.37) 0.395     
 Secondary 1.29 (0.96,1.74) 0.088     
 Higher 1.54 (1.04,2.29) 0.033     
 Father not in household 0.84 (0.61,1.15) 0.257     
Planned pregnancy
 No    1.00   1.00  
 Yes    1.51 (1.18,1.93) 0.001 1.33 (1.09,1.62) 0.005
Place of birth
 Home      1.00  
 Health facility      0.75 (0.60,0.94) 0.013
Birth assisted by any skilled attendant
 No 1.00     1.00  
 Yes 1.34 (1.06,1.68) 0.014    1.48 (1.19,1.83) <  0.001
Birth by caesarean section
 No 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Yes 0.22 (0.17,0.27) <  0.001 0.57 (0.45,0.73) <  0.001 0.34 (0.25,0.47) <  0.001
Child sex
 Male      1.00  
 Female      1.16 (1.02,1.33) 0.028
Child birth order
 1st 1.00     1.00  
 2nd 1.26 (1.06,1.51) 0.002    1.28 (1.08,1.52) 0.005
 3rd or higher 1.22 (0.89,1.69) 0.140    1.36 (1.04,1.77) 0.025
Hosmer and Lemeshow goodness and fit test p-value 0.664   0.631   0.639
  1. 1Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR), adjusted for other variables in the model; 2Wald test p-value