Skip to main content

Table 2 Multivariable analysis of factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding

From: Exclusive breastfeeding patterns in Tanzania: Do individual, household, or community factors matter?

CharacteristicAOR95% CI
Age of the mother
 15–19 years0.58*[0.36,0.93]
 20–29 years1Reference
 30–39 years1.24[0.79,1.95]
 40–49 years0.79[0.36,1.78]
Occupation of the mother
 Casual/unskilled0.80[0.49,1.31]
 Agriculture1Reference
 Small scale business0.68[0.30,1.56]
 Skilled/professional1.12[0.52,2.40]
Respondent worked past 12 months
 No0.91[0.53,1.56]
 In the past year1.09[0.61,1.94]
 Currently working1Reference
 Have a job but on leave last seven days1.29[0.82,2.02]
Birth order of the child
 1st born1.16[0.75,1.79]
 2nd – 3rd born1Reference
 4th – 6th born1.04[0.65,1.66]
 7th born and above0.57†[0.31,1.07]
Season of Birth
 Long rain season1.39[0.87,2.22]
 Dry Season1Reference
 Short rain season1.79**[1.21,2.65]
Size of the child at birth
 Very large0.68[0.35,1.31]
 Larger than average0.54**[0.36,0.80]
 Average1Reference
 Smaller than average0.75[0.41,1.36]
 Very small0.62[0.26,1.44]
 Don’t know0.81[0.14,4.83]
The current age of the child
  < 2 months1Reference
 2–3 months0.35***[0.23,0.53]
 4–5 months0.11***[0.08,0.17]
Decision making on childcare
 Mother1.14[0.79,1.65]
 Husband/partner0.62*[0.39,0.97]
 Joint decision1Reference
 Someone else0.96[0.47,1.96]
Person performed a postnatal check-up
 Doctor0.16**[0.06,0.46]
 Nurse/Midwife1Reference
 TBA/CHW1.34[0.28,6.36]
 Relative/Friend0.35†[0.12,1.01]
 Missing p/natal check up1.23[0.87,1.74]
Source of drinking water
 Unimproved1.088[0.79,1.50]
 Improved1Reference
Type of place of residence
 Urban0.71†[0.48,1.05]
 Rural1Reference
  1. Source: Generated from TDHS 2015/2016
  2. * = P < 0.05; ** = P < 0.01 *** = P < 0.001; †=P < 0.10; TBA Traditional Birth Attendant, CHW Community Health Worker, CI Confidence Interval