Skip to main content

Table 4 Hierarchical binary logistic regression model of associations between socio-cultural factors and awareness of infant feeding guidelines among Black mothers living with HIV (n = 416)

From: Infant feeding guideline awareness among mothers living with HIV in North America and Nigeria

Dependent Variable: Black Mothers’ awareness of the guideline (1 = correct, 0 = wrong)
Independent variablesEXP(B)SEWald statp-value95% C.I. for EXP(B)
Block 1
Age (years)0.9020.0494.3660.0370.82–0.99
 Years of formal education0.7610.1692.6050.1060.55–1.06
 Marital status (1 = married, 0 = Single, widowed, divorced or separated)0.4090.6741.7590.1850.11–1.53
 Country of residence (1 = Canada or US, 0 = Nigeria)0.3260.8601.7010.1920.06–1.76
Block 1 Summary
Χ2 = 19.540; Prob(Χ2) = 0.001; −2log likelihood = 122.967
Block 2
 Disclosure of HIV Status to spouse, partner or the baby’s father (1 = yes, 0 = No)2.0720.7201.0240.3120.51–8.50
 Disclosure of HIV Status to other family members (1 = yes, 0 = No)0.6870.3870.6030.5340.21–2.24
 Baby’s father’s opinion influenced infant feeding choices (1 = important, 0 = unimportant)1.2460.6720.1070.7440.33–4.65
 Family member’s opinion influenced infant feeding choices (1 = I care, 0 = I don’t care)1.4780.6510.3600.5490.41–5.30
Cultural beliefs influenced infant feeding choices (1 = much, 0 = not much)0.1330.7068.1690.0040.03–0.53
Functional Social Support (scores from psychometric scale)1.1000.0454.4960.0341.01–1.20
 Constant20,604.343.2189.5310.002 
Block 2 Summary
Χ2 = 19.332; Prob(Χ2) = 0.004; −2log likelihood = 103.635
Overall model Summary
Χ2 = 38.872 Prob(Χ2) = 0.000 Sample size included = 416 (60.03%)
Model accuracy = 95.5%; accuracy of alternative model with outliers = 87.5%.
  1. Statistically significant (α = .05) variables are bolded