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Table 3 Factors associated with time to cessation of breastfeeding, Cox’s Proportional Hazard model, EDHS 2011 (N = 5122)

From: Trends and factors associated to early initiation of breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding and duration of breastfeeding in Ethiopia: evidence from the Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2016

Background characteristics Categories Hazards ratio 95% CI) for hazards ratio
Region (Dire Dawa) Tigray 1.15 0.92, 1.45
Affar 0.99 0.80, 1.22
Amhara 1.31 1.05, 1.64
Oromiya 1.27 1.04, 1.54
Somali 1.01 0.82, 1.24
Benishangul-Gumuz 1.34 1.09, 1.65
SNNPR 1.17 0.94, 1.45
Gambela 0.96 0.75, 1.23
Harari 1.03 0.82, 1.30
Addis Ababa 1.06 0.81, 1.40
Place of Residence (urban) Rural 1.03 0.88, 1.20
Maternal age (40 and higher) ≤ 24 3.24 2.68, 3.90
25–29 2.30 1.96, 2.70
30–34 1.94 1.67, 2.26
35–39 1.45 1.25, 1.69
Husband education (Secondary / Higher) No education 0.90 0.75, 1.09
Primary 0.93 0.78, 1.11
Mother education (Higher) No education 1.05 0.87, 1.26
Primary 1.15 0.96, 1.39
Secondary 0.97 0.80, 1.17
Religion (Traditional/Others) Coptic orthodox 0.86 0.68, 1.09
Protestant 0.82 0.65, 1.04
Muslim 0.76 0.60, 0.96
Wealth index (Richest) Poorest 1.27 1.08, 1.49
Poorer 1.18 1.00, 1.39
Middle 1.07 0.90, 1.26
Richer 1.08 0.92, 1.27
Sex of child (Female) Male 0.94 0.88, 1.01
Place of delivery (Health) Home 0.77 0.70, 0.84
Baby postnatal checkup (Yes) No 1.07 0.95, 1.22
Antenatal visits (4+) 0 0.90 0.81, 0.99
1–3 1.04 0.94, 1.14
Mode of delivery (Caesarian) Normal 0.85 0.67, 1.09
Type of birth (Multiple birth) Single birth 1.39 1.04, 1.85
Size of child at birth (Small) Large 0.80 0.73, 0.88
Average 0.92 0.84, 0.99
Employment status (Employed) Not working 1.26 1.16, 1.37
Parity (7+) 1–2 0.56 0.48, 0.66
3–4 0.69 0.61, 0.78
5–6 0.82 0.73, 0.92