Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 2 Infant feeding patterns and food allergy symptoms and diagnosis

From: The association of infant feeding patterns with food allergy symptoms and food allergy in early childhood

Infant Feeding Patterns (n = 1387)*
Outcome Variables DBF-3m
n = 194, 14%
n (%)
DBF/BM
n = 253, 18.2%
n (%)
DBF/BM/FF
n = 323, 23.3%
n (%)
DBFShort
n = 122, 8.8%
n (%)
FF-2-3
n = 364, 26.2%
n (%)
FFSF
n = 131, 9.4%
n (%)
Food Allergy Symptomatic Children (n = 328) 37 (11.3) 64 (19.5) 88 (26.8) 26 (7.9) 86 (26.2) 27 (8.2)
Doctors’ Diagnosed Food Allergy (n = 76) 6 (9.1) 8 (12.1) 30 (30.3) 7 (10.6) 19 (28.8) 6 (9.1)
  1. DBF-3m Direct feeding at the breast i.e., feeding directly at the breast for at least 3 months, not including pumping methods or any other additional food or liquid, followed by mixed feeding; this group constituted our reference group, DBF/BM Direct feeding at the breast as well as pumping and feeding includes direct feeding at the breast and feeding of stored breast milk (BM) for the first 3 months, followed by mixed feeding, DBF/BM/FF Concurrent application of direct feeding at the breast, pumping and feeding and formula feeding in the first 6 months, DBFShort Direct feeding at the breast for a month and then mixed modes of feeding, FF-2-3 Formula food for the first 2 to 3 months followed by formula and/or solid food, FFSF Parallel use of formula or solid food since the first month
  2. *Analytical cohort