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Table 3 Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI) estimates of effects of utilization of maternal health service and initiation of breastfeeding within an hour after birth in Nepal, 2016

From: The effect of maternal health service utilization in early initiation of breastfeeding among Nepalese mothers

Determinants Model 1a Model 2
AOR (95% CI) p value AOR (95% CI) p value
Frequency of antenatal visits     
 No visit (Ref) 1.00   1.00  
 1–3 0.84 (0.47, 1.49) 0.55 0.94 (0.52, 1.68) 0.83
 4 + 1.00 (0.56, 1.77) 0.99 1.03 (0.57, 1.87) 0.92
Place of delivery     
 Home (Ref) 1.00   1.00  
 Health facility 2.46 (1.53, 3.96) < 0.001 2.22 (1.36, 3.60) < 0.001
Professional assistance
during delivery
    
 Othersb (Ref) 1.00   1.00  
 SBA 0.84 (0.51, 1.38) 0.49 0.95 (0.57, 1.58) 0.84
Mode of delivery     
 Caesarean (Ref) 1.00   1.00  
 Vaginal 6.72 (4.42, 10.22) < 0.001 6.70 (4.30, 10.42) < 0.001
Ethnicity     
 Relatively advantaged (Ref)    1.00  
 Relatively disadvantaged    1.07 (0.78, 1.46) 0.68
 Dalit    1.11 (0.76, 1.64) 0.59
 Others    0.92 (0.58, 1.44) 0.55
Occupation of women     
 Paid (Ref)    1.00  
 Not working    0.84 (0.56, 1.25) 0.39
 Agriculture    0.94 (0.64, 1.38) 0.75
Ecological zone     
 Hill (Ref)    1.00  
 Mountain    1.08 (0.67, 1.78) 0.74
 Terai (plain land)    1.08 (0.75, 1.55) 0.66
Province     
 Province 2 (Ref)    1.00  
 Province 1    1.34 (0.81, 2.22) 0.25
 Province 3    1.62 (0.93, 2.82) 0.09
 Province 4    1.51 (0.87, 2.63) 0.15
 Province 5    1.59 (1.02, 2.48) 0.04
 Province 6    2.58 (1.41, 4.69) < 0.001
 Province 7    2.30 (1.36, 3.87) < 0.001
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval, Ref Reference group
  2. a adjusted to ethnicity, occupation, ecological zone, province
  3. b includes doctor, nurse and midwives