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Table 1 General characteristics of mothers (weighted n = 1,978)

From: The effect of maternal health service utilization in early initiation of breastfeeding among Nepalese mothers

  n (%)
Socioeconomic characteristics
Mother’s age (years)  
 15–19 291 (14.70)
 20–24 750 (37.91)
 25–29 584 (29.52)
 30 and above 354 (17.7)
Ethnicity  
 Relatively advantaged 535 (27.1)
 Relatively disadvantaged 767 (38.78)
 Dalit 275 (13.9)
 Others 401 (20.3)
Wealth quintile  
 Poorest 414 (21.0)
 Poorer 417 (21.1)
 Middle 454 (23.0)
 Richer 408 (20.6)
 Richest 283 (14.4)
Mother’s education  
 No education 570 (28.8)
 Primary 391 (19.8)
 Secondary 719 (36.3)
 Higher 298 (15.1)
Mother’s occupation  
 Not working 927 (46.9)
 Paid 227 (11.5)
 Agriculture 824 (41.6)
Place of residence  
 Urban 1,062 (53.7)
 Rural 916 (46.3)
Ecological region  
 Mountain 131 (6.6)
 Hill 760 (38.4)
 Terai (plain land) 1087 (55.0)
Province  
 Province 1 338 (17.1)
 Province 2 513 (25.9)
 Province 3 312 (15.8)
 Province 4 164 (8.3)
 Province 5 364 (8.3)
 Province 6 121 (6.1)
 Province 7 166 (8.4)
Birth related characteristics  
Mother’s age at first birth  
 <  20 1027 (51.8)
 > = 20 951 (48.1)
Birth order  
 1 806 (40.7)
 2 573 (28.9)
 3 or more 600 (30.3)
Characteristics related to maternal health service utilization  
Frequency of antenatal visits  
 None 72 (3.6)
 1–3 505 (25.5)
 4 and more 1401 (70.9)
Place of delivery  
 Health facility 1270 (64.2)
 Home 708 (35.8)
Professional assistance during delivery  
 SBA 1277 (64.6)
 Other than SBA 701 (35.4)
Mode of delivery  
 Vaginal 1780 (90.0)
 Caesarean 198 (10.0)