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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of 229 mothers with gestational diabetes and their infants

From: Prevalence and associated factors of breastfeeding in women with gestational diabetes in a University Hospital in Thailand

Characteristics Mean ± SD or n (%)
Age (years) 33.2 ± 5.1
Marital status
 Single 2 (0.9)
 Married 222 (96.9)
 Separated 5 (2.2)
Educational level (n = 224)
 Primary school 21 (9.4)
 High school 76 (33.9)
 Bachelor degree or higher 127 (56.7)
Occupation
 Housewife 54 (23.6)
 Employee 128 (55.9)
 Government officer 14 (6.1)
 Private business owner 33 (14.4)
Maternity leave (months, n = 228)
 No limit (housewife) 54 (23.7)
 No leave 49 (21.5)
 1 months 3 (1.3)
 1.5 months 9 (3.9)
 2 months 13 (5.7)
 3 months 100 (43.9)
Family earnings (THB/month)
 <  10,000 37 (16.2)
 10,000-50,000 167 (72.9)
 >  50,000 25 (10.9)
Primiparity 107 (46.2)
Pre-pregnancy body mass index
 Normal 139 (60.7)
 Overweight 53 (23.1)
 Obese 37 (16.2)
Pre-pregnancy body mass index (kg/m2) 24.5 ± 5.2
Gestational weight gain (kg, n = 228) 11.5 ± 4.9
Gestational age at delivery (weeks) 37.8 ± 2.2
Cesarean section delivery 106 (46.3)
Inversion or retraction of nipple (n = 227) 40 (17.6)
Infants with severe tongue tie (n = 219) 41 (18.7)
Completed 6-month EBF in prior infant (n = 87) 35 (40.2)
Completed 6-month any breastfeeding in prior infant (n = 79) 49 (62.0)
Intention time to breastfeed in index pregnancy (n = 214) 5.7 ± 3.1
Intention to breastfeed at least 6 months postpartum (n = 214) 147 (68.7)
Contraceptive method (n = 227)
 Non-hormonal contraception 107 (47.1)
 Progestin-only contraception 106 (46.7)
 Combined hormonal contraception 14 (6.2)
  1. SD standard deviation, THB Thai baht, EBF exclusive breastfeeding