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Table 4 Obstetric and sociocultural factors influencing EBF in Gwanda District, Matabeleland South Province, 2018 (N = 225)

From: Determinants of exclusive breastfeeding among mothers of infants aged 6 to 12 months in Gwanda District, Zimbabwe

Variable Non-EBF
n = 144
EBF
n = 81
OR (95% CI) p - value
Place of birth:
 Home 2a 5 1  
 Health facility 142 76 0.21 (0.04, 1.12) 0.05
Mode of delivery
 Cesarean 19 15 1  
 Vaginal/assisted 124 66 0.67 (0.32, 1.41) 0.29
Baby breastfed in the first hour of birth
 No 64 26 1  
 Yes 83 56 1.66 (0.94, 2.93) 0.08
Visited Antenatal Clinic
 No 7 3a 1  
 Yes 137 78 0.75 (0.19, 3.00) 0.69
Religion
 Apostolic 67 28 1  
 Other 77 53 1.65 (0.94, 2.90) 0.08
Treated depressed fontanel using traditional remedies (inkanda)
 Yes 70 29 1  
 No 74 52 1.70 (0.97, 2.97) 0.06
Any breastfeeding problems up to 6 months
 Yes 14 5 1  
 No 130 76 1.64 (0.57, 4.72) 0.36
  1. aCell count is < 5, Chi-square test may not be valid
  2. Chi-square test of association was used to obtain p - values and Odds ratios