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Table 2 Sociodemographic and health related factors influencing EBF in Gwanda District, Matabeleland South Province, 2018 (N = 225)

From: Determinants of exclusive breastfeeding among mothers of infants aged 6 to 12 months in Gwanda District, Zimbabwe

Variable Non-EBF
n = 144
EBF
n = 81
OR (95% CI) p - value
Age: Young mother (less than 25 years old)
 Yes 72 20 1  
 No 72 61 3.05 (1.67, 5.57) 0.0002
Marital status: Live with partner
 Yes 120 64 1  
 No 22 19 0.62 (0.31, 1.22) 0.17
Parity: Had 1 or 2 children
 Yes 52 15 1  
 No 92 66 2.49 (1.29, 4.79) 0.006
Attended formal education    
 No 24 19 1  
 Yes 120 62 0.65 (0.33, 1.28) 0.21
Maternal HIV status
 Positive 27 35 1  
 Negative 117 46 0.30 (0.17, 0.56) 0.0001
Had a chronic disease/condition
 Yes 8 9 1  
 No 136 72 0.47 (0.17, 1.30) 0.13
Low birthweight (Below 2500 g)  
 Yes 13 7 1  
 No 131 74 1.05 (0.40, 2.71) 0.01
Large birthweight (Above 3500 g)
 Yes 31 24 1  
 No 113 57 0.65 (0.35, 1.21) 0.17
Sex of the baby
 Boy 81 40 1  
 Girl 63 41 0.76 (0.44, 1.31) 0.32
Baby sick for more than 2 weeks when he/she was under 6 months of age
 Yes 27 13 1  
 No 117 68 1.21 (0.58, 2.49) 0.61
Infant’s HIV Status
 Positive 2a 0a 1  
 Negative 142 81 0.00 0.00
  1. OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval, Chi-square test of association was used to obtain p - values and Odds ratios
  2. aCell count is < 5, Chi-square test may not be valid